1AfghanistanAfghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca. Note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them
2AkrotiriEnglish, Greek
3AlbaniaAlbanian 98.8% (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek 0.5%, other 0.6% (including Macedonian, Roma, Vlach, Turkish, Italian, and Serbo-Croatian), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
4AlgeriaArabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber or Tamazight (official) dialects include Kabyle Berber (Taqbaylit), Shawiya Berber (Tacawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)
5American SamoaSamoan 88.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 3.9%, Tongan 2.7%, other Pacific islander 3%, other 1.8%. Note: most people are bilingual (2010 est.)
6AndorraCatalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
7AngolaPortuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
8AnguillaEnglish (official)
9Antigua and BarbudaEnglish (official), Antiguan creole
10ArgentinaSpanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)
11ArmeniaArmenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%, other 1% (2011 est.)
12ArubaPapiamento (official) (a creole language that is a mixture of Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, English, and, to a lesser extent, French, as well as elements of African languages and the language of the Arawak) 69.4%, Spanish 13.7%, English (widely spoken) 7.1%, Dutch (official) 6.1%, Chinese 1.5%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)
13AustraliaEnglish 76.8%, Mandarin 1.6%, Italian 1.4%, Arabic 1.3%, Greek 1.2%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.1%, other 10.4%, unspecified 5% (2011 est.)
14AustriaGerman (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in South Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 est.)
15AzerbaijanAzerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.5%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7% (2009 est.)
16Bahamas, TheEnglish (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
17BahrainArabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu
18BangladeshBangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)
19BarbadosEnglish (official), Bajan (English-based creole language, widely spoken in informal settings)
20BelarusRussian (official) 70.2%, Belarusian (official) 23.4%, other 3.1% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities), unspecified 3.3% (2009 est.)
21BelgiumDutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%
22BelizeEnglish 62.9% (official), Spanish 56.6%, Creole 44.6%, Maya 10.5%, German 3.2%, Garifuna 2.9%, other 1.8%, unknown 0.3%, none 0.2% (cannot speak). Note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2010 est.)
23BeninFrench (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)
24BermudaEnglish (official), Portuguese
25BhutanSharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 est.)
26BoliviaSpanish (official) 60.7%, Quechua (official) 21.2%, Aymara (official) 14.6%, foreign languages 2.4%, Guarani (official) 0.6%, other native languages 0.4%, none 0.1%. Note: Bolivia's 2009 constitution designates Spanish and all indigenous languages as official 36 indigenous languages are specified, including some that are extinct (2001 est.)
27Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian (official), Croatian (official), Serbian (official)
28BotswanaSetswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English (official) 2.1%, Sesarwa 1.9%, Sempukushu 1.7%, other 5.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2001 est.)
29BrazilPortuguese (official and most widely spoken language). Note: less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages
30British Virgin IslandsEnglish (official)
31BruneiMalay (official), English, Chinese dialects
32BulgariaBulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Roma 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 est.)
33Burkina FasoFrench (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
34BurmaBurmese (official). Note: minority ethnic groups have their own languages
35BurundiKirundi 29.7% (official), Kirundi and other language 9.1%, French (official) and French and other language 0.3%, Swahili and Swahili and other language 0.2% (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area), English and English and other language 0.06%, more than 2 languages 3.7%, unspecified 56.9% (2008 est.)
36Cabo VerdePortuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)
37CambodiaKhmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)
38Cameroon24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
39CanadaEnglish (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)
40Cayman IslandsEnglish (official) 90.9%, Spanish 4%, Filipino 3.3%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2010 est.)
41Central African RepublicFrench (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
42ChadFrench (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
43ChileSpanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2%. Note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)
44ChinaStandard Chinese or Mandarin (official Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry). Note: Zhuang is official in Guangxi Zhuang, Yue is official in Guangdong, Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, Kyrgyz is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)
45Christmas IslandEnglish (official), Chinese, Malay
46Cocos (Keeling) IslandsMalay (Cocos dialect), English
47ColombiaSpanish (official)
48ComorosArabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (official a blend of Swahili and Arabic) (Comorian)
49Congo, Democratic Republic of theFrench (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
50Congo, Republic of theFrench (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
51Cook IslandsEnglish (official) 86.4%, Cook Islands Maori (Rarotongan) (official) 76.2%, other 8.3%. Note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2011 est.)
52Costa RicaSpanish (official), English
53Cote d'IvoireFrench (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken
54CroatiaCroatian (official) 95.6%, Serbian 1.2%, other 3% (including Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and Albanian), unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)
55CubaSpanish (official)
56CuracaoPapiamento (official) (a creole language that is a mixture of Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, English, and, to a lesser extent, French, as well as elements of African languages and the language of the Arawak) 81.2%, Dutch (official) 8%, Spanish 4%, English (official) 2.9%, other 3.9% (2001 census)
57CyprusGreek (official) 80.9%, Turkish (official) 0.2%, English 4.1%, Romanian 2.9%, Russian 2.5%, Bulgarian 2.2%, Arabic 1.2%, Filipino 1.1%, other 4.3%, unspecified 0.6%. Note: data represents only the government-controlled area of Cyprus (2011 est.)
58Czech RepublicCzech (official) 95.4%, Slovak 1.6%, other 3% (2011 census)
59DenmarkDanish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority). Note: English is the predominant second language
60DhekeliaEnglish, Greek
61DjiboutiFrench (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
62DominicaEnglish (official), French patois
63Dominican RepublicSpanish (official)
64EcuadorSpanish (Castilian) 93% (official), Quechua 4.1%, other indigenous 0.7%, foreign 2.2%. Note: (Quechua and Shuar are official languages of intercultural relations other indigenous languages are in official use by indigenous peoples in the areas they inhabit) (2010 est.)
65EgyptArabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
66El SalvadorSpanish (official), Nawat (among some Amerindians)
67Equatorial GuineaSpanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) 32.4% (1994 census)
68EritreaTigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages
69EstoniaEstonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
70EthiopiaOromo (official working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official national language) 29.3%, Somali (official working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (2007 est.)
71European UnionBulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Gaelic, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish. Note: only the 24 official languages are listed German, the major language of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, is the most widely spoken mother tongue - about 18% of the EU population English is the most widely spoken foreign language - about 38% of the EU population is conversant with it (2013)
72Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)English 89%, Spanish 7.7%, other 3.3% (2006 est.)
73Faroe IslandsFaroese (derived from Old Norse), Danish
74FijiEnglish (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani
75FinlandFinnish (official) 89%, Swedish (official) 5.3%, Russian 1.3%, other 4.4% (2014 est.)
76FranceFrench (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)overseas departments: French, Creole patois, Mahorian (a Swahili dialect)
77French PolynesiaFrench (official) 61.1%, Polynesian (official) 31.4%, Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)
78GabonFrench (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
79Gambia, TheEnglish (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
80Gaza StripArabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)