Today in History, English
Today in History, English

37141March 31Holiday and observanceThomas Mundy Peterson Day (New Jersey)
37142March 31Holiday and observanceTransfer Day (US Virgin Islands)
37143March 31Holiday and observanceCésar Chávez Day (United States of America)
37144March 31Holiday and observanceInternational Transgender Day of Visibility
37145April 1Event286 – Emperor Diocletian elevates his general Maximian to co-emperor with the rank of Augustus and gives him control over the Western regions of the Roman Empire.
37146April 1Event325 – Crown Prince Jin Chengdi, age 4, succeeds his father Jin Mingdi as emperor of the Eastern Jin dynasty.
37147April 1Event457 – Majorian is acclaimed emperor by the Roman army.
37148April 1Event527 – Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne.
37149April 1Event528 – The daughter of Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei was made the "Emperor" as a male heir of the late emperor by Empress Dowager Hu, deposed and replaced by Yuan Zhao the next day she was the first female monarch in the History of China, but not widely
37150April 1Event1293 – Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
37151April 1Event1318 – Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from England.
37152April 1Event1340 – Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
37153April 1Event1545 – Potosí is founded after the discovery of major silver deposits in the area.
37154April 1Event1572 – In the Eighty Years' War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
37155April 1Event1625 – A combined Spanish and Portuguese fleet of 52 ships commences the recapture of Bahia from the Dutch during the Dutch–Portuguese War.
37156April 1Event1789 – In New York City, the United States House of Representatives holds its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first Speaker.
37157April 1Event1826 – Samuel Morey received a patent for a compressionless "Gas or Vapor Engine."
37158April 1Event1833 – The Convention of 1833, a political gathering of settlers in Mexican Texas to help draft a series of petitions to the Mexican government, begins in San Felipe de Austin
37159April 1Event1854 – Charles Dickens' novel Hard Times begins serialisation in his magazine Household Words.
37160April 1Event1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Five Forks. Union Army led by Philip Sheridan decisively defeated Confederate States Army led by George Pickett, leading to Breakthrough at Petersburg and Appomattox Campaign.
37161April 1Event1867 – Singapore becomes a British crown colony.
37162April 1Event1871 – The first stage of the Brill Tramway opens.
37163April 1Event1873 – The White Star steamer RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547 in the worst marine disaster of the 19th century.
37164April 1Event1887 – Mumbai Fire Brigade is established.
37165April 1Event1889 – The University of Northern Colorado was established, as the Colorado State Normal School.
37166April 1Event1891 – The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
37167April 1Event1893 – The rank of Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy is established.
37168April 1Event1908 – The Territorial Force (renamed Territorial Army in 1920) is formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army.
37169April 1Event1918 – The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
37170April 1Event1919 – The Staatliches Bauhaus school is founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar.

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