Today in History, English
Today in History, English

45903April 20Death2014 – Neville Wran, Australian lawyer and politician, 35th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1926)
45904April 20Death2015 – Richard Anthony, Egyptian-French singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
45905April 20Death2015 – Doug Buffone, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1944)
45906April 20Death2015 – Aharon Lichtenstein, French-Israeli rabbi and author (b. 1933)
45907April 20Death2015 – Frederic Morton, Austrian-American banker, journalist, and author (b. 1924)
45908April 20Death2015 – Bob St. Clair, American football player and politician (b. 1931)
45909April 20Holiday and observanceChristian feast day:Agnes of MontepulcianoBlessed Oda of BrabantJohannes Bugenhagen (Lutheran)TheotimosApril 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
45910April 20Holiday and observanceRidván begins at sunset (Bahá'í Faith)
45911April 20Holiday and observanceUN Chinese Language Day (United Nations)
45912April 20Holiday and observance4/20 (International cannabis culture holiday)
45913April 21Event753 BC – Romulus founds Rome (traditional date).
45914April 21Event43 BC – Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.
45915April 21Event900 – The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (the earliest known written document found in what is now the Philippines): the Commander-in-Chief of the Kingdom of Tondo, as represented by the Honourable Jayadewa, Lord Minister of Pailah, pardons from all debt
45916April 21Event1092 – The Diocese of Pisa is elevated to the rank of metropolitan archdiocese by Pope Urban II
45917April 21Event1506 – The three-day Lisbon Massacre comes to an end with the slaughter of over 1,900 suspected Jews by Portuguese Catholics.
45918April 21Event1509 – Henry VIII ascends the throne of England on the death of his father, Henry VII.
45919April 21Event1526 – The last ruler of the Lodi dynasty, Ibrahim Lodi is defeated and killed by Babur in the First Battle of Panipat.
45920April 21Event1615 – The Wignacourt Aqueduct is inaugurated in Malta.
45921April 21Event1782 – The city of Rattanakosin, now known internationally as Bangkok, is founded on the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya River by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke.
45922April 21Event1792 – Tiradentes, a revolutionary leading a movement for Brazil's independence, is hanged, drawn and quartered.
45923April 21Event1806 – Action of 21 April 1806: A French frigate escapes British forces off the coast of South Africa.
45924April 21Event1809 – Two Austrian army corps are driven from Landshut by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon as two French corps to the north hold off the main Austrian army on the first day of the Battle of Eckmühl.
45925April 21Event1821 – Benderli Ali Pasha arrives in Constantinople as the new Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire he remains in power for only nine days before being sent into exile.
45926April 21Event1836 – Texas Revolution: The Battle of San Jacinto: Republic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
45927April 21Event1856 – Australian labour movement: Stonemasons and building workers on building sites around Melbourne march from the University of Melbourne to Parliament House to achieve an eight-hour day.
45928April 21Event1863 – Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, declares his mission as "He whom God shall make manifest".
45929April 21Event1894 – Norway formally adopts the Krag–Jørgensen bolt-action rifle as the main arm of its armed forces, a weapon that would remain in service for almost 50 years.
45930April 21Event1898 – Spanish–American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports. When the U.S. Congress issued a declaration of war on April 25, it declared that a state of war had existed from this date.
45901April 20Death2014 – Benedikt Sarnov, Russian author and critic (b. 1927)
45902April 20Death2014 – Peter Scoones, English photographer and cinematographer (b. 1937)

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