Today in History, English
Today in History, English

46741April 23Event1914 – First baseball game at Wrigley Field, then known as Weeghman Park in Chicago.
46742April 23Event1918 – World War I: The British Royal Navy makes a raid in an attempt to neutralise the Belgian port of Bruges-Zeebrugge.
46743April 23Event1920 – The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) is founded in Ankara, Turkey. It denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces the preparation of a temporary constitution.
46744April 23Event1927 – Cardiff City defeat Arsenal in the FA Cup Final, the only time it has been won by a team not based in England.
46745April 23Event1932 – The 153-year-old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, Netherlands burns down. It is rebuilt and reopens exactly 70 years later.
46746April 23Event1935 – The Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.
46747April 23Event1940 – The Rhythm Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, kills 198 people.
46748April 23Event1941 – World War II: The Greek government and King George II evacuate Athens before the invading Wehrmacht.
46749April 23Event1942 – World War II: Baedeker Blitz – German bombers hit Exeter, Bath and York in retaliation for the British raid on Lübeck.
46750April 23Event1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler's designated successor Hermann Göring sends him a telegram asking permission to take leadership of the Third Reich, which causes Hitler to replace him with Joseph Goebbels and Karl Dönitz.
46751April 23Event1946 – Manuel Roxas is elected the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
46752April 23Event1949 – Chinese Civil War: Establishment of the People's Liberation Army Navy.
46753April 23Event1951 – American journalist William N. Oatis is arrested for espionage by the Communist government of Czechoslovakia.
46754April 23Event1955 – The Canadian Labour Congress is formed by the merger of the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada and the Canadian Congress of Labour.
46755April 23Event1961 – Algiers putsch by French generals.
46756April 23Event1967 – Soviet space program: Soyuz 1 (Russian: Союз 1, Union 1) a manned spaceflight carrying cosmonaut Colonel Vladimir Komarov is launched into orbit.
46757April 23Event1968 – Vietnam War: Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university.
46758April 23Event1971 – Bangladesh Liberation War: The Pakistan Army and Razakars massacre approximately 3,000 Hindu emigrants in the Jathibhanga area of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
46759April 23Event1985 – Coca-Cola changes its formula and releases New Coke. The response is overwhelmingly negative, and the original formula is back on the market in less than three months.
46760April 23Event1990 – Namibia becomes the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
46761April 23Event1993 – Eritreans vote overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.
46762April 23Event1993 – Sri Lankan politician Lalith Athulathmudali is assassinated while addressing a gathering, approximately four weeks ahead of the Provincial Council elections for the Western Province.
46763April 23Event1997 – Omaria massacre in Algeria: Forty-two villagers are killed.
46764April 23Event2005 – First YouTube video uploaded, titled "Me at the zoo".
46765April 23Event2013 – At least 28 are dead and more than 70 are injured as violence breaks out in Hawija, Iraq.
46766April 23Birth1141 – Malcolm IV of Scotland (d. 1165)
46767April 23Birth1185 – Afonso II of Portugal (d. 1223)
46768April 23Birth1408 – John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford (d. 1462)
46769April 23Birth1464 – Joan of France, Duchess of Berry (d. 1505)
46770April 23Birth1484 – Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian physician and scholar (d. 1558)

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