Today in History, English
Today in History, English

49891April 30Holiday and observanceInternational Jazz Day (UNESCO)
49892April 30Holiday and observanceMay Eve, the eve of the first day of summer in the Northern hemisphere (see May 1):Beltane Fire Festival (Calton Hill, Edinburgh)Carodejnice (Czech Republic and Slovakia)Beltane begins at sunset in the Northern hemisphere, Samhain begins at sunset in the
49893April 30Holiday and observanceNational Persian Gulf Day (Iran)
49894April 30Holiday and observanceReunification Day (Vietnam)
49895April 30Holiday and observanceTax Day Canada
49896April 30Holiday and observanceTeachers' Day (Paraguay)
49897May.01Event305 – Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman emperor.
49898May.01Event524 – King Sigismund of Burgundy is executed at Orléans after an 8-year reign and is succeeded by his brother Godomar.
49899May.01Event880 – The Nea Ekklesia is inaugurated in Constantinople, setting the model for all later cross-in-square Orthodox churches.
49900May.01Event1328 – Wars of Scottish Independence end: By the Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
49901May.01Event1455 – Battle of Arkinholm, Royal forces end the Black Douglas hegemony in Scotland.
49902May.01Event1576 – Stephen Báthory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become co-rulers of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
49903May.01Event1707 – The Act of Union joins the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
49904May.01Event1753 – Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.
49905May.01Event1759 – Josiah Wedgwood founds the Wedgwood pottery company in Great Britain.
49906May.01Event1776 – Establishment of the Illuminati in Ingolstadt (Upper Bavaria), by Jesuit-taught Adam Weishaupt.
49907May.01Event1778 – American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
49908May.01Event1785 – Kamehameha I, the king of Hawaiʻi, defeats Kalanikūpule and establishes the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi.
49909May.01Event1786 – In Vienna, Austria, Mozart's opera The Marriage of Figaro is performed for the first time.
49910May.01Event1794 – War of the Pyrenees: The Battle of Boulou ends, in which French forces defeat the Spanish and regain nearly all the land they lost to Spain in 1793.
49911May.01Event1840 – The Penny Black, the first official adhesive postage stamp, is issued in the United Kingdom.
49912May.01Event1844 – Hong Kong Police Force, the world's second modern police force and Asia's first, is established.
49913May.01Event1846 – The few remaining Mormons left in Nauvoo, Illinois, formally dedicate the Nauvoo Temple.
49914May.01Event1851 – Queen Victoria opens The Great Exhibition in London.
49915May.01Event1852 – The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation.
49916May.01Event1856 – The Province of Isabela was created in the Philippines in honor of the Queen Isabela II of Spain.
49917May.01Event1862 – American Civil War: The Union Army completes its capture of New Orleans.
49918May.01Event1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville begins.
49919May.01Event1865 – The Empire of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay sign the Treaty of the Triple Alliance.
49920May.01Event1866 – The Memphis Race Riots begin. In three days time, 46 blacks and two whites were killed. Reports of the atrocities influenced passage of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

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