Today in History, English
Today in History, English

49951May.01Event1948 – The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) is established, with Kim Il-sung as leader.
49952May.01Event1950 – Guam is organized as a United States commonwealth.
49953May.01Event1956 – The polio vaccine developed by Jonas Salk is made available to the public.
49954May.01Event1956 – A doctor in Japan reports an "epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system", marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.
49955May.01Event1957 – Thirty-four people are killed when a Vickers Viking airliner crashes in Hampshire England.
49956May.01Event1960 – Formation of the western Indian states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Also known as "Maharashtra Day".
49957May.01Event1960 – Cold War: U-2 incident: Francis Gary Powers, in a Lockheed U-2 spyplane, is shot down over the Soviet Union, sparking a diplomatic crisis.
49958May.01Event1961 – The Prime Minister of Cuba, Fidel Castro, proclaims Cuba a socialist nation and abolishes elections.
49959May.01Event1965 – Battle of Dong-Yin, a naval conflict between ROC and PRC, takes place.
49960May.01Event1970 – Protests erupt in Seattle, following the announcement by U.S. President Richard Nixon that U.S. Forces in Vietnam would pursue enemy troops into Cambodia, a neutral country.
49961May.01Event1971 – Amtrak (the National Railroad Passenger Corporation) takes over operation of U.S. passenger rail service.
49962May.01Event1974 – The Argentine terrorist organization Montoneros is expelled from Plaza de Mayo by president Juan Perón.
49963May.01Event1977 – Thirty-six people are killed in Taksim Square, Istanbul, during the Labour Day celebrations.
49964May.01Event1978 – Japan's Naomi Uemura, travelling by dog sled, becomes the first person to reach the North Pole alone.
49965May.01Event1982 – The 1982 World's Fair opens in Knoxville, Tennessee.
49966May.01Event1982 – Operation Black Buck: The Royal Air Force attacks the Argentine Air Force during Falklands War.
49967May.01Event1983 – Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis is awarded the Lenin Peace Prize.
49968May.01Event1987 – Pope John Paul II beatifies Edith Stein, a Jewish-born Carmelite nun who was gassed in the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz.
49969May.01Event1989 – Disney-MGM Studios opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
49970May.01Event1990 – The former Philippine Episcopal Church (supervised by the Episcopal Church of the United States of America) is granted full autonomy and raised to the status of an Autocephalous Anglican Province and renamed the Episcopal Church of the Philippines.
49971May.01Event1991 – Rickey Henderson of the Oakland Athletics steals his 939th base, making him the all-time leader in this category. However, his accomplishment is overshadowed later that evening by Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers, when he pitches his seventh career
49972May.01Event1993 – Dingiri Banda Wijetunga became president of Sri Lanka automatically after killing of R Premadasa in LTTE bomb explosion
49973May.01Event1994 – Three-time Formula One world champion Ayrton Senna is killed in an accident during the San Marino Grand Prix at Imola.
49974May.01Event1995 – Croatian forces launch Operation Flash during the Croatian War of Independence.
49975May.01Event1999 – The body of British climber George Mallory is found on Mount Everest, 75 years after his disappearance in 1924.
49976May.01Event2001 – Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declares the existence of "a state of rebellion", hours after thousands of supporters of her arrested predecessor, Joseph Estrada, storm towards the presidential palace at the height of the EDSA III rebe
49977May.01Event2003 – Invasion of Iraq: In what becomes known as the "Mission Accomplished" speech, on board the USS Abraham Lincoln (off the coast of California), U.S. President George W. Bush declares that "major combat operations in Iraq have ended".
49978May.01Event2004 – Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
49979May.01Event2006 – The Puerto Rican government closes the Department of Education and 42 other government agencies due to significant shortages in cash flow.
49980May.01Event2007 – The Los Angeles May Day mêlée occurs, in which the Los Angeles Police Department's response to a May Day pro-immigration rally become a matter of controversy.

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