Today in History, English
Today in History, English

50401May.02Event1808 – Outbreak of the Peninsular War: The people of Madrid rise up in rebellion against French occupation. Francisco de Goya later memorializes this event in his painting The Second of May 1808.
50402May.02Event1812 – The Siege of Cuautla during the Mexican War of Independence ends with both sides claiming victory after Mexican rebels under José María Morelos y Pavón abandon the city after 72 days under siege by royalist Spanish troops under Félix María Calleja.
50403May.02Event1816 – Marriage of Léopold of Saxe-Coburg and Princess Charlotte of Wales.
50404May.02Event1829 – After anchoring nearby, Captain Charles Fremantle of HMS Challenger, declares the Swan River Colony in Australia.
50405May.02Event1863 – American Civil War: Stonewall Jackson is wounded by friendly fire while returning to camp after reconnoitering during the Battle of Chancellorsville. He succumbs to pneumonia eight days later.
50406May.02Event1866 – Peruvian defenders fight off the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao.
50407May.02Event1876 – The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria.
50408May.02Event1879 – The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party is founded in Casa Labra Pub (city of Madrid) by the historical Spanish workers' leader Pablo Iglesias.
50409May.02Event1885 – Good Housekeeping magazine goes on sale for the first time.
50410May.02Event1885 – Cree and Assiniboine warriors win the Battle of Cut Knife, their largest victory over Canadian forces during the North-West Rebellion.
50411May.02Event1885 – The Congo Free State is established by King Léopold II of Belgium.
50412May.02Event1889 – Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia, signs a treaty of amity with Italy, giving Italy control over Eritrea.
50413May.02Event1906 – Closing ceremony of the Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece.
50414May.02Event1918 – General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
50415May.02Event1920 – The first game of the Negro National League baseball is played in Indianapolis.
50416May.02Event1932 – Comedian Jack Benny's radio show airs for the first time.
50417May.02Event1933 – Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler bans trade unions.
50418May.02Event1941 – Following the coup d'état against Iraq Crown Prince 'Abd al-Ilah earlier that year, the United Kingdom launches the Anglo-Iraqi War to restore him to power.
50419May.02Event1945 – World War II: Fall of Berlin: The Soviet Union announces the capture of Berlin and Soviet soldiers hoist their red flag over the Reichstag building.
50420May.02Event1945 – World War II: Italian Campaign: General Heinrich von Vietinghoff signs the official instrument of surrender of all Wehrmacht forces in Italy.
50421May.02Event1945 – World War II: The US 82nd Airborne Division liberates Wöbbelin concentration camp finding 1000 dead prisoners, most of whom starved to death.
50422May.02Event1946 – The "Battle of Alcatraz" takes place two guards and three inmates are killed.
50423May.02Event1952 – The world's first ever jet airliner, the De Havilland Comet 1 makes its maiden flight, from London to Johannesburg.
50424May.02Event1955 – Tennessee Williams wins the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for Cat on a Hot Tin Roof.
50425May.02Event1963 – Berthold Seliger launches a rocket with three stages and a maximum flight altitude of more than 100 kilometres near Cuxhaven. It is the only sounding rocket developed in Germany.
50426May.02Event1964 – Vietnam War: An explosion sinks the USS Card while it is docked at Saigon. Viet Cong forces are suspected of placing a bomb on the ship. She is raised and returned to service less than seven months later.
50427May.02Event1964 – First ascent of Shishapangma the fourteenth highest mountain in the world and the lowest of the Eight-thousanders.
50428May.02Event1969 – The British ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2 departs on her maiden voyage to New York City.
50429May.02Event1972 – In the early morning hours a fire breaks out at the Sunshine Mine located between Kellogg and Wallace, ID, killing 91 workers.
50430May.02Event1980 – Referendum on system of government held in Nepal.

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