Today in History, English
Today in History, English

89521August 7Holiday and observanceRepublic Day (Ivory Coast)
89522August 7Holiday and observanceYouth Day (Kiribati)
89523August 8Event1220 – Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.
89524August 8Event1503 – King James IV of Scotland marries Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland.
89525August 8Event1576 – The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe's Uraniborg observatory is laid on the island of Hven.
89526August 8Event1585 – John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in search of the Northwest Passage.
89527August 8Event1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines: The naval engagement ends, ending the Spanish Armada's attempt to invade England.
89528August 8Event1605 – The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
89529August 8Event1647 – The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungan's Hill: English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.
89530August 8Event1709 – Bartolomeu de Gusmão demonstrates the lifting power of hot air in an audience before the King of Portugal in Lisbon, Portugal
89531August 8Event1786 – Mont Blanc on the French – Italian border is climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
89532August 8Event1793 – The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
89533August 8Event1794 – Joseph Whidbey leads an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
89534August 8Event1844 – The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
89535August 8Event1863 – American Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).
89536August 8Event1870 – The Republic of Ploiești, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
89537August 8Event1876 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
89538August 8Event1885 – More than 1.5 million people attend the funeral of Ulysses S. Grant in New York City.
89539August 8Event1908 – Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It is the Wright Brothers' first public flight.
89540August 8Event1918 – World War I: The Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines (Hundred Days Offensive).
89541August 8Event1927 – The predecessor to the Philippine Stock Exchange opens.
89542August 8Event1929 – The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight.
89543August 8Event1940 – The "Aufbau Ost" directive is signed by Wilhelm Keitel.
89544August 8Event1942 – Quit India Movement is launched in India against the British rule in response to Mohandas Gandhi's call for swaraj or complete independence.
89545August 8Event1945 – The London Charter is signed by France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States, establishing the laws and procedures for the Nuremberg trials.
89546August 8Event1946 – First flight of the Convair B-36, the world's first mass-produced nuclear weapon delivery vehicle, the heaviest mass-produced piston-engined aircraft, with the longest wingspan of any military aircraft, and the first bomber with intercontinental ra
89547August 8Event1960 – South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
89548August 8Event1963 – Great Train Robbery: In England, a gang of 15 train robbers steal £2.6 million in bank notes.
89549August 8Event1963 – The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), the current ruling party of Zimbabwe, is formed by a split from the Zimbabwe African People's Union.
89550August 8Event1967 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

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