Today in History, English
Today in History, English

94321August 20Event1083 – Canonization of the first King of Hungary, Saint Stephen and his son Saint Emeric.
94322August 20Event1308 – Pope Clement V pardons Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, absolving him of charges of heresy.
94323August 20Event1391 – Konrad von Wallenrode becomes the 24th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order.
94324August 20Event1467 – The Second Battle of Olmedo takes places as part of a succession conflict between Henry IV of Castile and his half-brother Alfonso, Prince of Asturias.
94325August 20Event1519 – Philosopher and general Wang Yangming defeats Zhu Chenhao, ending the Prince of Ning rebellion against the reign of the Ming dynasty's Zhengde Emperor.
94326August 20Event1672 – Former Grand Pensionary Johan de Witt and his brother Cornelis are brutally murdered by an angry mob in The Hague.
94327August 20Event1707 – The first Siege of Pensacola comes to end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida.
94328August 20Event1710 – War of the Spanish Succession: A multinational army led by the Austrian commander Guido Starhemberg defeats the Spanish-Bourbon army commanded by Alexandre Maître, Marquis de Bay in the Battle of Saragossa.
94329August 20Event1775 – The Spanish establish the Presidio San Augustin del Tucson in the town that became Tucson, Arizona.
94330August 20Event1794 – Battle of Fallen Timbers: American troops force a confederacy of Shawnee, Mingo, Delaware, Wyandot, Miami, Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawatomi warriors into a disorganized retreat.
94331August 20Event1858 – Charles Darwin first publishes his theory of evolution through natural selection in The Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, alongside Alfred Russel Wallace's same theory.
94332August 20Event1866 – President Andrew Johnson formally declares the American Civil War over.
94333August 20Event1882 – Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture debuts in Moscow, Russia.
94334August 20Event1910 – The Great Fire of 1910 (also commonly referred to as the "Big Blowup" or the "Big Burn") occurs in northeast Washington, northern Idaho (the panhandle), and western Montana, burning approximately 3 million acres (12,000 km2).
94335August 20Event1914 – World War I: German forces occupy Brussels.
94336August 20Event1920 – The first commercial radio station, 8MK (now WWJ), begins operations in Detroit.
94337August 20Event1926 – Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai (NHK) is established.
94338August 20Event1938 – Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam, a record that stood for 75 years until it was broken by Alex Rodriguez.
94339August 20Event1940 – In Mexico City, Mexico exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky is fatally wounded with an ice axe by Ramón Mercader. He dies the next day.
94340August 20Event1940 – World War II: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes the fourth of his famous wartime speeches, containing the line "Never was so much owed by so many to so few".
94341August 20Event1944 – World War II: 168 captured allied airmen, including Phil Lamason, accused by the Gestapo of being "terror fliers", arrive at Buchenwald concentration camp.
94342August 20Event1944 – World War II: The Battle of Romania begins with a major Soviet Union offensive.
94343August 20Event1950 – Korean War: United Nations repel an offensive by North Korean divisions attempting to cross the Nakdong River and assault the city of Taegu.
94344August 20Event1955 – In Morocco, a force of Berbers from the Atlas Mountains region of Algeria raid two rural settlements and kill 77 French nationals.
94345August 20Event1960 – Senegal breaks from the Mali Federation, declaring its independence.
94346August 20Event1962 – The NS Savannah, the world's first nuclear-powered civilian ship, embarks on its maiden voyage.
94347August 20Event1965 – Keene, NH Episcopal seminarian Jonathan Daniels, 26, is martyred murdered by shotgun at point-blank range in Hayneville, Alabama, by an unpaid sheriff's deputy, sacrificing his life for young black activist Ruby Sales whom he pushed out of the way
94348August 20Event1968 – Soviet Union-dominated Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia, crushing the Prague Spring.
94349August 20Event1975 – Viking program: NASA launches the Viking 1 planetary probe toward Mars.
94350August 20Event1977 – Voyager program: NASA launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft.

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