Today in History, English
Today in History, English

94351August 20Event1986 – In Edmond, Oklahoma, U.S. Postal employee Patrick Sherrill guns down 14 of his co-workers and then commits suicide.
94352August 20Event1988 – "Black Saturday" of the Yellowstone fire in Yellowstone National Park
94353August 20Event1988 – Peru becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
94354August 20Event1988 – Iran–Iraq War: A ceasefire is agreed after almost eight years of war.
94355August 20Event1988 – The Troubles: Eight British soldiers are killed and 28 wounded when their bus is hit by an IRA roadside bomb in Ballygawley, County Tyrone.
94356August 20Event1989 – The pleasure boat Marchioness sinks on the River Thames following a collision. Fifty-one people are killed.
94357August 20Event1989 – The O-Bahn Busway in Adelaide, the world's longest guided busway, opens.
94358August 20Event1991 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union, August Coup: More than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Union's parliament building protesting the coup aiming to depose President Mikhail Gorbachev.
94359August 20Event1991 – Estonia, annexed by the Soviet Union in 1940, issues a decision on the re-establishment of independence on the basis of historical continuity of its pre-World War II statehood.
94360August 20Event1993 – After rounds of secret negotiations in Norway, the Oslo Accords are signed, followed by a public ceremony in Washington, D.C. the following month.
94361August 20Event1997 – Souhane massacre in Algeria over 60 people are killed and 15 kidnapped.
94362August 20Event1998 – The Supreme Court of Canada rules that Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the federal government's approval.
94363August 20Event1998 – U.S. embassy bombings: The United States launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaeda camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for the August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
94364August 20Event2002 – A group of Iraqis opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein take over the Iraqi Embassy in Berlin, Germany for five hours before releasing their hostages and surrendering.
94365August 20Event2008 – Spanair Flight 5022, from Madrid, Spain to Gran Canaria, skids off the runway and crashes at Barajas Airport. Of the 172 people on board, 146 die immediately, and eight more later die of injuries sustained in the crash.
94366August 20Event2012 – A prison riot in the Venezuelan capital, Caracas, kills at least 20 people.
94367August 20Event2014 – Seventy-two people are killed in Japan's Hiroshima Prefecture by a series of landslides caused by a month's worth of rain that fell in one day.
94368August 20Birth1517 – Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French cardinal and art collector (d. 1586)
94369August 20Birth1561 – Jacopo Peri, Italian singer and composer (d. 1633)
94370August 20Birth1613 – Duchess Elisabeth Sophie of Mecklenburg (d. 1676)
94371August 20Birth1625 – Thomas Corneille, French playwright and philologist (d. 1709)
94372August 20Birth1632 – Louis Bourdaloue, French preacher and academic (d. 1704)
94373August 20Birth1710 – Thomas Simpson, English mathematician and academic (d. 1761)
94374August 20Birth1719 – Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer and educator (d. 1783)
94375August 20Birth1720 – Bernard de Bury, French harpsichord player and composer (d. 1785)
94376August 20Birth1752 – Landgravine Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt (d. 1782)
94377August 20Birth1778 – Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean general and politician, 2nd Supreme Director of Chile (d. 1842)
94378August 20Birth1779 – Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Swedish chemist and academic (d. 1848)
94379August 20Birth1799 – James Prinsep, English orientalist and scholar (d. 1840)
94380August 20Birth1833 – Benjamin Harrison, American general, lawyer, and politician, 23rd President of the United States (d. 1901)

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