Today in History, English
Today in History, English

104491September 13Event1788 – The Philadelphia Convention sets the date for the first presidential election in the United States, and New York City becomes the country's temporary capital.
104492September 13Event1791 – King Louis XVI of France accepts the new constitution.
104493September 13Event1808 – Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.
104494September 13Event1812 – War of 1812: A supply wagon sent to relieve Fort Harrison is ambushed in the Attack at the Narrows.
104495September 13Event1814 – In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British fail to capture Baltimore. During the battle, Francis Scott Key composes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", which is later set to music and becomes the United States' national anthem.
104496September 13Event1843 – The Greek Army rebels (OS date: September 3) against the autocratic rule of king Otto of Greece, demanding the granting of a constitution.
104497September 13Event1847 – Mexican–American War: Six teenage military cadets known as Niños Héroes die defending Chapultepec Castle in the Battle of Chapultepec. American troops under General Winfield Scott capture Mexico City in the Mexican–American War.
104498September 13Event1848 – Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage survives a 3-foot 7-inch (1.1 m) iron rod being driven through his head the reported effects on his behavior and personality stimulate thinking about the nature of the brain and its functions.
104499September 13Event1850 – First ascent of Piz Bernina, the highest summit of the eastern Alps.
104500September 13Event1862 – American Civil War: Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee's battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. It is the prelude to the Battle of Antietam.
104501September 13Event1882 – Anglo-Egyptian War: The Battle of Tel el-Kebir is fought.
104502September 13Event1898 – Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.
104503September 13Event1899 – Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident.
104504September 13Event1899 – Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199 m – 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
104505September 13Event1900 – Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine–American War.
104506September 13Event1906 – First flight of a fixed-wing aircraft in Europe.
104507September 13Event1914 – World War I: South African troops open hostilities in German south-west Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.
104508September 13Event1914 – World War I: The Battle of Aisne begins between Germany and France.
104509September 13Event1922 – The final act of the Greco-Turkish War, the Great Fire of Smyrna, commences.
104510September 13Event1923 – Following a military coup in Spain, Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
104511September 13Event1933 – Elizabeth McCombs becomes the first woman elected to the New Zealand Parliament.
104512September 13Event1935 – Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the International Railway (New York–Ontario).
104513September 13Event1942 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of Edson's Ridge in the Guadalcanal Campaign. U.S. Marines successfully defeated attacks by the Imperial Japanese Army with heavy losses for the Japanese forces.
104514September 13Event1943 – The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe.
104515September 13Event1948 – Deputy Primer Minister of India Vallabhbhai Patel ordered the Army to move into Hyderabad to integrate it with the Indian Union.
104516September 13Event1948 – Margaret Chase Smith is elected United States senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
104517September 13Event1953 – Nikita Khrushchev is appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
104518September 13Event1956 – The dike around the Dutch polder East Flevoland is closed.
104519September 13Event1956 – The IBM 305 RAMAC is introduced, the first commercial computer to use disk storage.
104520September 13Event1964 – South Vietnamese Generals Lâm Văn Phát and Dương Văn Đức fail in a coup attempt against General Nguyễn Khánh.

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