Today in History, English
Today in History, English

104911September 14Event1763 – Seneca warriors defeat British forces at the Battle of Devil's Hole during Pontiac's War.
104912September 14Event1791 – The Papal States lose Avignon to the French Empire.
104913September 14Event1808 – Finnish War: Russians defeat the Swedes in the bloody Battle of Oravais.
104914September 14Event1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The French Grande Armée enters Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.
104915September 14Event1814 – The poem Defence of Fort McHenry is written by Francis Scott Key. The poem is later used as the lyrics of The Star-Spangled Banner.
104916September 14Event1829 – The Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo-Turkish War.
104917September 14Event1846 – Jang Bahadur and his brothers massacre about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court.
104918September 14Event1847 – Mexican–American War: Winfield Scott captures Mexico City.
104919September 14Event1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of South Mountain, part of the Maryland Campaign, is fought.
104920September 14Event1901 – U.S. President William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.
104921September 14Event1914 – HMAS AE1, the Royal Australian Navy's first submarine, was lost at sea with all hands near East New Britain, Papua New Guinea.
104922September 14Event1917 – Russia is officially proclaimed a republic.
104923September 14Event1939 – World War II: The Estonian military boards the Polish submarine ORP Orzeł in Tallinn, sparking a diplomatic incident that the Soviet Union will later use to justify the annexation of Estonia.
104924September 14Event1940 – Ip massacre: The Hungarian Army, supported by local Hungarians, kill 158 Romanian civilians in Ip, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania, an act of ethnic cleansing.
104925September 14Event1943 – World War II: The Wehrmacht starts a three-day retaliatory operation targeting several Greek villages in the region of Viannos, whose death toll would eventually exceed 500 persons.
104926September 14Event1944 – World War II: Maastricht becomes the first Dutch city to be liberated by allied forces.
104927September 14Event1954 – In a top secret nuclear test, a Soviet Tu-4 bomber drops a 40 kiloton atomic weapon just north of Totskoye village.
104928September 14Event1958 – The first two German post-war rockets, designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, reach the upper atmosphere.
104929September 14Event1959 – The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.
104930September 14Event1960 – The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.
104931September 14Event1960 – Congo Crisis: With CIA help, Mobutu Sese Seko seizes power in a military coup, suspending parliament and the constitution.
104932September 14Event1969 – The US Selective Service selects September 14 as the First Draft Lottery date.
104933September 14Event1975 – The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, is canonized by Pope Paul VI.
104934September 14Event1979 – Afghan President Nur Muhammad Taraki is assassinated upon the order of Hafizullah Amin, who becomes the new president.
104935September 14Event1982 – President-elect of Lebanon, Bachir Gemayel, is assassinated.
104936September 14Event1984 – Joe Kittinger becomes the first person to fly a gas balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean.
104937September 14Event1985 – Penang Bridge, the longest bridge in Malaysia, connecting the island of Penang to the mainland, opens to traffic.
104938September 14Event1985 – The Golden Girls a television sitcom premieres on NBC
104939September 14Event1987 – The Toronto Blue Jays set a record for the most home runs in a single game, hitting 10 of them.
104940September 14Event1992 – The Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina declares the breakaway Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia to be illegal.

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