Today in History, English
Today in History, English

29221March 16Event1660 – The Long Parliament of England is dissolved so as to prepare for the new Convention Parliament.
29222March 16Event1689 – The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.
29223March 16Event1782 – American Revolutionary War: Spanish troops capture the British-held island of Roatán.
29224March 16Event1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden is shot he dies on March 29.
29225March 16Event1802 – The Army Corps of Engineers is established to found and operate the United States Military Academy at West Point.
29226March 16Event1812 – Siege of Badajoz (March 16 – April 6) – British and Portuguese forces besieged and defeated French garrison during the Peninsular War.
29227March 16Event1815 – Prince Willem proclaims himself King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first constitutional monarch in the Netherlands.
29228March 16Event1818 – In the Second Battle of Cancha Rayada, Spanish forces defeated Chileans under José de San Martín.
29229March 16Event1861 – Edward Clark becomes Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who has been evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy.
29230March 16Event1864 – American Civil War: During the Red River Campaign, Union troops reach Alexandria, Louisiana.
29231March 16Event1865 – American Civil War: The Battle of Averasborough began as Confederate forces suffer irreplaceable casualties in the final months of the war.
29232March 16Event1870 – The first version of the overture fantasy Romeo and Juliet by Tchaikovsky receives its première performance.
29233March 16Event1872 – The Wanderers F.C. won the first FA Cup, the oldest football competition in the world, beating Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1-0 at The Oval in Kennington, London.
29234March 16Event1894 – Jules Massenet's opera Thaïs is first performed.
29235March 16Event1900 – Sir Arthur Evans purchased the land around the ruins of Knossos, the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete.
29236March 16Event1916 – The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing cross the US–Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa.
29237March 16Event1924 – In accordance with the Treaty of Rome, Fiume becomes annexed as part of Italy.
29238March 16Event1926 – History of Rocketry: Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts.
29239March 16Event1935 – Adolf Hitler orders Germany to rearm herself in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Conscription is reintroduced to form the Wehrmacht.
29240March 16Event1936 – Warmer-than-normal temperatures rapidly melt snow and ice on the upper Allegheny and Monongahela rivers and lead to a major flood in Pittsburgh.
29241March 16Event1939 – From Prague Castle, Hitler proclaims Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate.
29242March 16Event1939 – Marriage of Princess Fawzia of Egypt to Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran.
29243March 16Event1940 – First person killed in a German bombing raid on the UK in World War II during a raid on Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands, James Isbister.
29244March 16Event1942 – The first V-2 rocket test launch. It exploded at lift-off.
29245March 16Event1945 – World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ended, but small pockets of Japanese resistance persisted.
29246March 16Event1945 – Ninety percent of Würzburg, Germany is destroyed in only 20 minutes by British bombers. 5,000 are killed.
29247March 16Event1950 – Communist Czechoslovakia's ministry of foreign affairs asks nuncios of Vatican to leave the country.
29248March 16Event1958 – The Ford Motor Company produces its 50 millionth automobile, the Thunderbird, averaging almost a million cars a year since the company's founding.
29249March 16Event1962 – A Flying Tiger Line Super Constellation disappears in the western Pacific Ocean, with all 107 aboard missing and presumed dead.
29250March 16Event1966 – Launch of Gemini 8, the 12th manned American space flight and first space docking with the Agena target vehicle.

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