Guinness World Records List
Guinness World Records List

6781Most Olympic medals won, WomenUnknownUSSR01 January 1964The most Olympic medals won by a woman is eighteen by gymnast Larisa Semyonovna Latynina (USSR), nine gold, five silver and four bronze, 1956-64.
6782First bicycleKirkpatrick Macmillan1839-1840 year(s)United Kingdom, Dumfries01 January 1839The earliest machine propelled by cranks and pedals with connecting rods was built in 1839-40 by Kirkpatrick Macmillan (1810-78) of Dumfries, Scotland. A copy of the machine is now in the Science Museum, London, England.Italian artist and scientist Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) is often credited with designing the first 'bicycle', having drawn a machine propelled with cranks and pedals in the 1490s. Macmillan was the first person known to have constructed such a machine, but this was not followed up. Four-wheeled bicycles were produced successfully for 20 years in England by Willard Sawyer from 1845. However it was French coachbuilder and wheelwright Pierre Michaux who started producing the first machines to be recognized as bicycles, in March 1861. Michaux created the first Velocipede by fitting a crank and pedals to the front wheel of a 'hobby horse' that had been brought to him for repairs (a hobby horse was a wooden framed machine powered by the rider 'running' whilst seated on the saddle). Their popularity boomed: by the end of the 1860s there were around 60 velocipede builders in Paris and 15 more in the French provinces. By 1970, the 'Compagnie Parisienne des Velocipedes' – formerly Michaux's business, but since taken over by the Olivier brothers - employed 500 workers and produced 200 machines a day.
6783Thickest ship's armourHMS InflexibleUnited Kingdom01 January 1881The thickest armour ever carried was in HMS Inflexible (completed 1881), measuring 60 cm (24 in) backed by teak up to a maximum thickness of 107 cm (42 in).
6784Most asteroids discovered by a single individualEugene ShoemakerNot ApplicableDr Eugene Shoemaker (USA) (1928-97) was one of the most eminent geologists of the century. Best known for his work on extraterrestrial impacts, he discovered 1,125 asteroids, many in partnership with his wife, Carolyn.Famously discovered the comet Shoemaker-Levy, which impacted with Jupiter in July 1994
6785Largest meteoriteThe Hoba meteoriteNamibiaA block 2.7 m (9ft) long by 2.4 m (8 ft) wide, estimated to weigh 59 tonnes, is the largest known meteorite. It was found in 1920 at Hoba West, near Grootfontein in Namibia.
6786Greatest payout for personal injury damages to an individualShiyamala Thirunayagam163882660 US dollar(s)United States, New York27 July 1993The greatest personal-injury damages awarded to an individual were $163,882,660 (£109,109,627), awarded by a jury to Shiyamala Thirunayagam, aged 27, in the Supreme Court of the State of New York on 27 Jul 1993. She was almost completely paralysed after the car in which she was travelling hit a truck which had broken down in the fast lane of the New Jersey Turnpike on 4 Oct 1987. Because the defendants would have challenged the jury's verdict in a higher court, Mrs Thirunayagam agreed to accept a lump sum of $8,230,000 (٣,479,000) for her pain and suffering and a guarantee that the defendants would pay up to $55,000,000 (㿐,600,000) for her future medical expenses.
6787First known legal euthanasiaUnknownfirstAustralia, Darwin22 September 1996The first person to end his life by legally sanctioned euthanasia was Ben Dent of Darwin, Australia, on 22 Sep 1996. He had been suffering from cancer for five years and died with the aid of a computerised death machine.
6788Greatest historical ransomUnknown1500000000 US dollar(s)Peru, CajamarcaHistorically the greatest ransom paid was that paid for Atahualpa, the last emperor of the Incas, to the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1532-3 at Cajamarca, Peru, which constituted a hall full of gold and silver, worth in modern money some $1.5 billion (£1 billion).
6789Highest partnership for any wicket in a Test match (male)Kumar Sangakkara, Mahela JayawardeneSri Lanka, Colombo31 July 2006624, for the third wicket by Kumar Sangakkara (b. 27 October 1977) (287) Mahela Jayawardene (b. 27 May 1977) (374) for Sri Lanka v. South Africa at Colombo, Sri Lanka, on 27-31 July 2006.
6790Most extras conceded in a Test match innings (male)IndiaIndia, Bangalore12 December 2007India conceded 76 in Pakistan’s 1st innings at Bangalore, India on 8-12 December 2007. The figure consisted of 35 byes, 26 leg byes, no wides and 15 no-balls.
6791Highest mountainMt EverestNepalThe highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest. Its peak rises to 8,848 m (29,028 ft 9 in) – the highest point in the world.First known as Peak XV on the Tibet - Nepal border, it was discovered to be the world's highest mountain in 1856 by the Survey Department of the Government of India, from theodolite readings taken in 1849 and 1850. Its height was calculated to be 8,840m 29,002ft. The mountain was named after Col. Sir George Everest (UK), who was Surveyor-General of India from 1830 to 1843, and who, in fact, pronounced his name 'Eve-rest' as opposed to 'Ever-est'. Mount Everest is also known by the Tibetan name Chomolungma (Goddess Mother of the World) and by the Nepali name Sagarmatha (Forehead in the Sky).Many human triumphs and tragedies have been played out on Everest's slopes. George Mallory (UK) was one of the first to lead an expedition to climb the peak, in 1921. He perished not far from the summit on his 1924 expedition and his body was discovered in 1999. The challenge to climb the highest mountain has not waned since the peak was first conquered in 1953 by Sherpa Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) and Sir Edmund Hillary (New Zealand).Mount Everest has been the inspiration for many Guinness World Records: from the simple fact of being the world's highest peak, to being the venue for the world's highest-altitude concert. Many of the records achieved on Everest are broken regularly. As the world's highest peak, Everest will always attract adventurous climbers and records will continue to be broken on its slopes.Despite being the highest peak on earth, Everest is NOT the tallest mountain? No - at 8,848 m (29,029 ft), Everest is the highest mountain on Earth – in that it reaches the highest altitude – but the tallest is actually Mauna Kea in Hawaii, USA. You can only see 4,205 m (13,796 ft) of it (the rest is underwater), but from its submarine base in the Hawaiian Trough, it reaches up for a total of 10,205 m (33,480 ft).Goddess of the sky - Everest fact file:Name English: Mount Everest Tibetan: Chomolungma (“Goddess Mother of Mountains”) Nepalese: Sagarmatha (“Goddess of the Sky”).Elevation 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.Location Himalayas, Nepal-China border.Coordinates 27°58'60N, 86°55'60E.Summit temperature -20°C to -35°C (-4°F to -31°F).Summit wind speed Up to 280 km/h (174 mi/h) average of one hurricane every four days.Everest timeline:29 May 1953 - Mount Everest (8,848 m 29,029 ft) was first climbed, when the summit was reached by Edmund Percival Hillary (New Zealand), and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay. The successful expedition was led by Col. (later Hon. Brigadier) Henry Cecil John Hunt.16 May 1975 - Junko Tabei (Japan) (b. 22 Sep 1939) became the first female to reach the summit of Mount Everest8 May 1978 - Reinhold Messner (Italy) and Peter Habeler (Austria) made the first successful ascent of Mt Everest without supplemental oxygen on 8 May 1978. This feat is regarded by some purist mountaineers as the first 'true' ascent of Everest, since overcoming the effects of altitude (i.e. the low oxygen content of the air) is the greatest challenge facing high-altitude climbers.20 August 1980 - Reinhold Messner (Italy) was the first to successfully climb Mt Everest solo, reaching the summit on 20 August 1980. It took him three days to make the ascent from his base camp at 6,500 m (21,325 ft), and the climb was made all the more difficult by the fact that he did not use bottled oxygen.10 May 1996 - On 10 May 1996, a severe blizzard on Mt. Everest claimed the lives of eight climbers and caused serious injuries to more than 20 others. The climbers, from the USA, India, Japan and New Zealand, were surprised by 145 km/h (90 mph) winds which sent temperatures plummeting to -40°C (-40°F).23–24 May 1996 - Hans Kammerlander (Italy) completed the fastest ever ascent of Mt Everest on the northern side, making the climb from base camp to the summit in 16 hr 45 min.May 1999 - Babu Chhiri Sherpa of Nepal completed a stay of 21 hours at the summit of Mt. Everest (8,848 m 29,029 ft) without the use of bottled oxygen in May 1999.25 May 2001 - Erik Weihenmayer (Hong Kong) was born with retinoschisis, an eye condition that left him totally blind by the age of 13. Despite this, on 25 May 2001, he reached the summit of Mount Everest, the first – and so far only – blind man ever to have done so. Erik’s other notable feats include his 2002 completion of the Seven Summits – climbing the highest peak on each of the seven continents of the world. Erik is also an accomplished rock climber, skier and paraglider.21 May 2004 - Pemba Dorje Sherpa (Nepal) climbed from Base Camp to the summit of Mt Everest in a time of 8 hr 10 min, the fastest ever ascent of the world's highest mountain.2 June 2005 - Lakpa Sherpa (Nepal) successfully reached the summit of Mt Everest for the fifth time on 2 June 2005. She made the climb with her husband, George Dijmarescu (USA), who was himself completing his seventh ascent of the world's tallest mountain.11 May 2011 - Apa Sherpa (Nepal) reached the summit of Mt Everest for the 21st time on 11 May 2011, the most times anyone has ever successfully climbed the world's highest mountain.19 May 2012 - Congestion is a serious issue on the world’s highest mountain, with 3,721 climbers having reached the summit since it was conquered in 1953.On 19 May 2012, an unprecedented 234 climbers ascended Everest and reached the summit – the most on a single day. Apa Sherpa's 21 ascents:Apa Sherpa (Nepal) reached the summit of Mt Everest for the 21st time on 11 May 2011, the most times anyone has ever successfully climbed the world's highest mountain. His climbs to date have been:10 May 1990: International8 May 1991: Sherpa Support12 May 1992: New Zealand7 Oct 1992: International10 May 1993: USA10 Oct 1994: International15 May 1995: American on Sagarmatha26 Apr 1997: Indonesian20 May 1998: EEE26 May 1999: Asian-Trekking24 May 2000: Everest Environmental16 May 2002: Swiss 50th anniversary26 May 2003: Commemorative US expedition17 May 2004: Dream Everest31 May 2005: Climbing for a Cure19 May 2006: Team No Limit16 May 2007: SuperSherpas22 May 2008: Eco Everest21 May 2009: Eco Everest21 May 2010: Eco Everest11 May 2011: Eco EverestWant to join the Five Mile High Club?Want to reach the highest point on earth? Well, if you have 60 days (and around £40,000 ($62,000)) to spare, here is a typical route – one of many – to the top of the highest mountain on Earth, via the south-east ridge:BASE CAMP 5,380 M (17,700 FT): Acclimatize here for two weeks. When you’re ready, begin your hike to Camp I at 3 a.m., before dawn, when the ice is at its most solid.CAMP I 6,056 M (19,900 FT): Garden step-ladders are used to cross deep crevasses in the Khumbu Icefall if you survive the treacherous terrain, Camp I will provide much-needed relief.CAMP II 6,500 M (21,300 FT): Temperatures between Camps I and II can get blisteringly hot beware of thin snow bridges spanning 60-m (100-ft) drops.CAMP III 7,470 M (24,500 FT): A fixed-rope climb leads to a small ridge and Camp III high risk of avalanche here and beware of traffic jams with other climbers!CAMP IV 7,920 M (26,000 FT): It might be time to crack open the bottled oxygen after conquering the “Yellow Band” and “Geneva Spur” – the two energy-sapping barriers between Camp III and IV.SOUTH SUMMIT 8,690 M (28,500 FT): You will see your first proper view of the top from this rest point it may be only a mile (1.5 km) away, but it can take a further 12 hours to get there.EVEREST SUMMIT 8,848 M (29,029 FT): Beyond the “Balcony” you tackle the “Hillary Step” and the “Summit Ridge”... then you’ve made it – the highest point on Earth, from which point you'll be treated to views like this:
6792Longest bridge span for road and rail trafficTsing Ma BridgeHong Kong, Hong KongThe Tsing Ma Bridge in Hong Kong, China, which opened to the public in May 1997, has a main span of 1,377 m 4,518 ft, making it the longest suspension-bridge span for combined road/railway traffic.
6793First parliamentUnknownIraqThe earliest known legislative assembly or ukkim was a bicameral one in Erech, Iraq c.2800BC. The oldest recorded legislative body is the Icelandic "Althing" founded in AD 930.The earliest known use of the term `parliament' is in an official royal document, in the meaning of a summons to the King's (Henry III's) Council, dating from December 19, 1241.
6794Heaviest woman - everRosalie BradfordUSA01 January 1987Rosalie Bradford (USA) (b. 27 August 1943) is claimed to have registered a peak weight of 544 kg (1,200 lb or 85 st) in January 1987.Rosalie passed away on 29 November 2006.In August of 1987, she developed congestive heart failure and was rushed to hospital. She was consequently put on a carefully controlled diet and by February 1994 weighed 128 kg (283 lb or 20 st 3 lb). Her target weight is 68 kg (150 lb or 10 st 10 lb).
6795First known hominoidOtavipithecus namibiensisNamibiaA jaw-bone with three molars found in the Otavi Hills, Namibia on 4 June 1991, has been dated to 12-13 million years and named Otavipithecus namibiensis.
6796Largest hot springUnknownIcelandThe largest boiling river issues from alkaline hot springs at Deildartunguhver, north of Reykjavik, Iceland, at a rate of 245 litres (65 gallons) of boiling water per second.
6797First self-made millionairessC. J. WalkerfirstUnited States, Delta,Louisiana01 January 1919The cosmetician Madame C. J. Walker (née Sarah Breedlove) (1857-1919) of Delta, Louisiana, USA is reputed to have become the first self-made millionairess. She was an uneducated African-American orphan whose fortune was founded on a hair straightener.
6798First paper moneyUnknownChina, Sichuan01 January 0959The earliest recorded use of paper currency can be traced back to the Song dynasty (960-1279) in China when it was utilized by a group of wealthy merchants and businessmen in Sichuan, the same place where the art of printing was invented. Each banknote issued had printed on it pictures of houses, trees and people in red and black ink. The seals of the issuing banks were then applied and confidential marks were made on each bill in order to prevent counterfeiting.
6799Rarest stampUnknownRarest stampUnique examples include a British Guiana 1 cent black on magenta of 1856 (last on the market in 1980) and the Swedish 3 skilling-banco yellow colour error of 1855.
6800Oldest novelCallirhoeChariton's Chaireas & Callirhoe, subtitled Love Story in Syracuse, is the oldest extant novel. The novel, which was written in the first century AD,narrates the adventures of a beautiful bride named Callirhoe. Also in existence from the same time is Apuleius's The Golden Ass or Metamorphoses (as it is also known), which is the only Latin novel which still survives in whole. This book is reported to have been written in AD123.
6801Highest initial print run for a fiction bookHarry Potter and the Deathly Hallows21 July 2007Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows had an initial print run of 12 million copies making it the biggest initial print run in history when it was released at midnight on 21 July 2007.
6802Longest novelMarcel ProustFrance01 January 1912A la recherche du temps perdu by Marcel Proust contains an estimated 9,609,000 characters (each letter counts as one character. Spaces are also counted, as one character each).The title translates to "Remembrance of Things Past". Proust produced the first volume of his 13-volume masterpiece in 1912 (it was first published in 1913). The second part of his work won international awards as soon as it was published and with them, an international reputation.
6803Most common languageChinese language1100000000 peopleChineThe most common first language is Chinese, spoken by more than 1.1 billion people. The `common speech' (Pûtônghuà) is the standard form of Chinese, with a pronunciation based on that of Beijing.The most widespread, as well as the second most spoken language, is English, with a conservative estimate of 800 million speakers. Of these, some 310 million are native speakers, mainly in the US (about 270 million) and the UK (60 million). The third most spoken language is Spanish.
6804Most people simultaneously slimedNickelodeon Australia3026 peopleAustralia, Sydney15 September 2012The most people simultaneously slimed is 3026 and was achieved by Nickelodeon Australia at the annual Nickelodeon Slimefest in Sydney, NSW, Australia on 15 September, 2012.
6805Most Winter Olympics ice hockey gold medals (male team)Canada , USSRCanada28 February 2010Tony Collins (UK) spent 77 hr 30 min on a hospital trolley in acorridor at Princess Margaret Hospital, Swindon, Wiltshire, UK,from 24-27 February 2001 before he was admitted to a bed. Adiabetic, he was suffering with a virus.
6806Most Winter Olympics ice hockey gold medals (female team)CanadaCanada28 February 2010The most Winter Olympics ice hockey gold medals by a female team is three and was achieved by Canada at the 2002, 2006 and 2010 games. Women's ice hockey was first contested at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan. The inaugural competition was won by the United States before three consecutive victories by Canada.
6807Most expensive jeansEscada10000 US dollar(s)United StatesThe most expensive pair of jeans (commercially available) are Escada's Couture Swarovski Crystal Jeans, which can be bought from Neiman Marcus Stores for a mere $10,000 (then £5,800)! The embroidered, designer-denim is studded with Swarovski crystals.
6808Ten wickets in a Innings, All bowled, CricketJohn WisdenfirstUnited Kingdom, ,,01 January 1850The only bowler to bowl out all ten was John Wisden (1826-84) for North v. South at Lord's in 1850.
6809First person to win an Oscar award posthumouslySidney Howard, Gone with the Wind (US 1939)firstUnited States, Hollywood29 February 1940The first posthumous Oscar was awarded at the 1939 Academy Awards on 29 February 1940 to Sidney Howard for his screenplay of Gone With The Wind (USA 1939). He had been killed in a farm accident.
6810Longest parasitic fastsOrnithodoros turicataThe common bedbug (Cimex lectularius), which feeds upon human blood is famously able to survive without feeding for more than a year. However the soft tick (Ornithodoros turicata) (which spreads the spirochaete that causes relapsing fever) can survive for periods of up to five years without food.

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