Guinness World Records List
Guinness World Records List

8491Safest high-speed rail networkShinkansen7000000000 peopleJapan, 01 January 2011Japan’s Shinkansen high-speed rail network opened for business on 1 October 1964. Since then the system has carried nearly 7 billion passengers without a single fatality due to collision. The only derailment occurred on 23 October 2004 during the Chuetsu Earthquake, but despite eight out of ten cars leaving the track there were no casualties.
8492Highest score in figure skating - total score (women)Yu-Na KimCanada, Vancouver25 February 2010The highest total score in a figure skating competition (women) is 228.56, and was achieved by Yu-Na Kim (South Korea) at the XXI Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada on 25 February 2010. The total score consists of the combined marks for the short programme and long programme.This is the highest total score since the new scoring system was adopted in 2003. The most up-to-date scoring information can be found on the International Skating Union's website at,8510,4844-160279-177495-33138-139933-custom-item,00.html
8493Largest online 100 metre sprintXbox LiveNot Applicable, Online23 April 2011The largest simultaneous online 100m sprint featured 10,539 participants, achieved by users of Xbox LIVE during the Xbox Nations Free LIVE Weekend on 23 April 2011.The sprint took place between 17:00:00 and 17:04:59 BST with involvement from Xbox LIVE users all over the world.
8494Highest score in figure skating - total score (pairs)Xue Shen, Hongbo ZhaoCanada, Vancouver15 February 2010The highest total score in a figure skating competition (pairs) is 216.57, and was achieved by Xue Shen and Hongbo Zhao (both China) at the XXI Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada on 15 February 2010. The total score consists of the combined marks for the short programme and long programme.This is the highest total score in a pairs competition since the new scoring system was adopted in 2003. The most up-to-date scoring information can be found on the International Skating Union's website at,8510,4844-160279-177495-33138-139933-custom-item,00.html
8495Smallest knifeKnife made by the National Institute of Standards and TechnologyfirstUnited States, ColoradoThe world’s first micro-knife based on carbon nanotube technology has been introduced by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology at the University of Colorado. With an edge capable of slicing samples only 300 nanometres thick, the knife possesses the smallest and sharpest of all blade types currently used for preparing very thin subject samples. Truly a ‘cutting edge’ technology!
8496Smallest snowmanSnowman created by the National Physical LaboratoryUnited KingdomMeasuring only 10 micrometres across, the world's smallest snowman was created by scientists at the National Physical Laboratory, UK. It was made from two small balls normally used for calibrating electron microscopes. An ion beam was then used to etch eyes, nose and even a smile on the little sculpture.
8497Smallest radioRadio built by the University of CaliforniaUnited States, Berkeley01 January 2007Built using a single carbon nanotube by scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, USA, the world’s smallest radio receiver measures only 10 micrometres diameter by 100 micrometres long. The carbon tube is electrically charged and can vibrate in harmony with incoming radio waves in the 40 to 400 Megahertz range.The precise tuning is achieved by changing the voltage applied to the tube to isolate individual radio frequencies. Connecting this receiver to a small loudspeaker, the inventor’s laboratory rang to the sound of Derek and The Dominos' "Layla" when first switched on.
8498Smallest greetings cardCard made by the University of GlasgowUnited Kingdom, Glasgow01 January 2010Scientists at the University of Glasgow, UK, saved on the cost of Christmas cards by making their own in 2010. However, recipients would need a high power microscope to read them! At only 200 x 290 micrometres in size, 8,276 cards would fit on one postage stamp.The card features a Christmas tree etched on to a very small piece of glass. The technology used to produce the card could ultimately make Christmas presents like TVs and cameras of even greater quality and performance than found today.
8499Smallest 3D map of the EarthScientists at IBM, Query01 January 2010Scientists at IBM have created an accurate 3D map of the Earth that is so small that one-thousand of them could fit on one grain of salt. Patterns of the Earth’s continents were created using an incredibly sharp silicon knife to carve features as small as 15 nanometres on a polymer substrate measuring only 22 by 11 micrometres.
8500Largest metallic hydrogen oceanJupiterNot Applicable01 January 2011At pressures exceeding around 4 million bar, hydrogen atoms become ionised, with the electrons flowing freely among the hydrogen nuclei. This gives the liquid hydrogen metallic properties and makes it an electrical conductor, leading to the planet’s immense magnetic field. The interior of Jupiter is dominated by an ocean of metallic hydrogen which may have a depth of as much as 55,000 km.
8501First near-Earth asteroid discovered433 ErosfirstGermany, 01 January 1898In 1898, the astronomers Carl Gustav Witt (Germany) and Auguste Charlois(France) independently discovered the asteroid 433 Eros, its curious orbit bringing it closer to Earth than other asteroid. It was classed as a near-Earth asteroid, in that it approached the Earth closer than any major planet, and given (at the time) an unconventional male name, after the Greek god of love.Eros 433 will next pass the Earth at a distance of 0.179 astronomical units (26.7 million km 16.6 million miles) on 31 January 2012.
8502Longest journey on an airboatWilliam Fadeley Jr., Eugene HajtovikUnited States, Jacksonville to New York03 July 1986William "Bill" Fadeley Jr. and Eugene Hajtovik (both USA) completed a 1,770.28-km (1,100-mile), 13-day trip by airboat along the Intracoastal Waterway from Jacksonville, Florida, to the Statue of Liberty in New York, USA, on 3 July 1986. They made their “Ride to Liberty” onboard the 5-m (16-ft), 350-hp Miss Jacksonville.Mr Fadeley’s journey included 10 days of travel and 3 days off for bad weather. It began in Jacksonville, Florida, USA on 21 June 1986 and reached the Statue of Liberty from New York Harbour, New York, NY, USA in time for Liberty Weekend, which celebrated of the restoration and centennial of the Statue of Liberty. A supporter of Amnesty International, Mr Fadeley had painted eight names on the airboat’s rudder, including those of Steven Biko, Father Popieluszko and Nelson Mandela, and took his airboat with a banner that read "Free all God's children now" around the aircraft carrier John F. Kennedy, where President Reagan was making his address.The airboat, equipped with a 350-horsepower engine driving a seven-foot propeller and capable of reaching 72 mph (115.87 km/h), was developed to be operated on water about 12 feet (3.66 m) deep but managed to travel 32 miles (51.5 km) in the Atlantic along the Jersey coast.Eugene Hajtovik, a mechanic, shared the journey on the airboat with Mr Fadeley, while William Frisch followed the airboat from a chase car and collected signatures from people on shore who could testify to having seen the boat.The return trip started on 7 July 1986.
8503Smallest high-definition camcorderToshiba IK-HD1 camcorderJapan01 January 2008Toshiba's IK-HD1 camcorder measures 32.6x38.6x41 mm (1.28x1.51x1.61 in) and weighs 65 g (2.3 oz) but captures 1920 x 1080i 30 fps video. It connects via cable to a control unit. It was launche by Toshiba (Japan) in 2008.
8504Largest naval exerciseThe Rim of the Pacific Exercise20000 peopleNot Applicable, 01 January 2010The Rim of the Pacific Exercise is an annual international maritime exercise which was first held in 1971. Its main participants are the USA, Canada and Australia, with the UK, Chile, Peru, Japan and South Korea participating regularly. Although the scale of the exercise varies annually, the US component can include up to 20,000 personnel and a full carrier battle group plus support ships.
8505Last monitor in active serviceParnaíbaBrazil01 January 2010Monitor class warships are named for the first of their class, USS Monitor, commissioned in 1862. They are slow, heavy and characterised by a low profile and single main turret. The Brazilian Navy’s riverine monitor Parnaíba (U-17) was commissioned in 1937 and is still in active service.
8506Largest viola ensemblePortuguese Viola AssociationPortugal, Porto19 March 2011The largest viola ensemble consisted of 321 players and was achieved by the Portuguese Viola Association at the Sala Suggia concert hall of the Casa de Musica in Porto, Portugal, on 19 March 2011.The ensemble played "Dance of the Mirlitons" by Tchaikovsky and "Bratchy Mambo" by Jean-Loup Lecomte.
8507Youngest player to score in a UEFA Champions League finalPatrick KluivertAustria, ViennaPatrick Kluivert (Netherlands, b. 1 July 1976) was 18 years 327 days old when he scored the only goal in the 1995 UEFA Champions League final, playing for Ajax (Netherlands) against AC Milan (Italy) at the Ernst Happel Stadium, Vienna, Austria, on 24 May 1995.
8508Fastest 10 obstacle slalom on bicycle - blindfoldedJuan Ruiz ZunigaTurkey, Istanbul23 July 2013The fastest time to slalom through 10 obstacles randomly placed on a 20 m (66 ft) course without using the sense of sight is 25.43 sec and was achieved by blind from birth Juan Ruiz (Mexico) using echolocation on the set of 'Guinness World Records - Rekorlar Dunyasi', in Istanbul, Turkey, on 23 July 2013.
8509Highest paid child actress on TV by episodeMiranda Cosgrove180000 US dollar(s)United StatesIn a study of earnings made by child TV stars published in May 2010, the highest paid TV child actress per episode was 16-year-old Miranda Cosgrove (USA, b. 14 May 1993), star of "iCarly", worth $180,000 (£112,765) per episode.The research was carried out by the New York Post, who surveyed casting agents, talent agents and TV executives.
8510Largest Online Marketing SeminarHubSpotUnited States, Cambridge23 August 2011The largest online marketing seminar involved 10,899 participants and was achieved by HubSpot (USA) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, on 23 August 2011.The title of the seminar was "The Science of Social Media," and presenter Dan Zarrella taught participants how to use Facebook and Twitter most effectively to extend their brands' reach.
8511Longest gap between original TV show and sequelUpstairs DownstairsUnited Kingdom01 January 2010When costume drama Upstairs Downstairs (ITV) returned to UK screens in 2010, it was 35 years after the original series ended. Actress Jean Marsh returned as the same character (Rose Buck), verifying this as a direct sequel (i.e., one that features one or more members of the original cast).
8512Oldest Pre-Columbian calendar still in useMesoamerican calendarsNot Applicable1500-400 BCSacred round Mesoamerican calendars – that is, those devised by the pre-Columbian cultures of present-day Mexico and Central America – continue to be used in one form or another to the present day, having passed from the Olmecs (1500–400 BC) to the Maya (up to AD 900) and then to the Aztecs (up to the 1500s). The Maya used three inter-locking calendars that created 'Great Cycles' of time. The present cycle is due to end on 23 December 2012, at which time the Maya would expect not the end of the world but a spiritual 'rebirth'.
8513First female to complete the Three Poles ChallengeTina Sjögrenfirst, 29 January 2002Tina Sjögren's success at the Poles constitutes the first completion by a female of the Three Poles Challenge - the conquest of the North and South Poles plus Mount Everest (regarded as a 'pole' owing to its inaccessibility). Prior to her polar expeditions, Tina had summitted Everest on 26 May 1999.
8514Most prolific console-based news serviceToro Station / Mainichi IsshoJapan, TokyoThe most prolific console-based gaming news service is Toro Station (formerly Mainichi Issho), produced by Sony Computer Entertainment Japan and featuring a total of 1,591 episodes on the PlayStation 3 and PSP (PlayStation Portable) consoles between November 11 2006 to 15 May 2011.The news service was hosted within a piece of software that was updated regularly (daily for its first three years, weekly thereafter) and featured the two PLAYSTATION mascot cats, Toro and Kuro.
8515Highest box office film gross - opening weekend (2010)Inception62785337 US dollar(s)United States, 01 January 2010Sci-fi action movie Inception (USA, 2010) racked up a record-breaking $62,785,337 (£41,021,400), across 3,792 cinemas, on its opening weekend of 16­-18 July 2010. Directed by Christopher Nolan, and starring Leonardo DiCaprio, the movie was later nominated for eight Oscars, winning four.
8516Longest live TV documentary broadcastNorwegian Broadcasting Corporation134/42/45 hour(s), minute(s), second(s)Norway, Bergen22 June 2011The longest non-stop live television documentary was the complete Hurtigruten (The Norwegian Coastal Express) northbound voyage by MS Nordnorge from Bergen to Kirkenes, Norway, which lasted a total of 134 hr 42 min 45 sec and was broadcast by Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation’s second largest channel TV NRK 2 (Norway) from 16 to 22 June 2011.The programme started at 19:45:00 on 16 June, 15 minutes before the Norwegian Coastal Express sailed off from Bergen, on the western coast of Norway and it provided uninterrupted coverage of MS Nordnorge’s journey to its destination, the docks in Kirkenes, on the Norwegian-Russian border, at 10:27:45 on the morning of 22 June 2011. The full broadcast was also streamed live online on A total of 11 cameras, both fixed and handheld, captured views along the route, which included the western fjords with UNESCO-listed Geiranger, the coast of Helgeland, the Lofoten Islands, Tromsø - known as the polar capital of Norway and the North Cape. There were no breaks during the broadcast, with no stops for commercials or news. However, due to satellite shadow at some points, the Master Controlroom (MCR) at NRK HQ in Oslo ran archive footage while awaiting the return of the signal.
8517Fastest time to dry bob 6 marshmallowsAshrita FurmanUnited States, Jamaica29 November 2012The fastest time to dry bob 6 marshmallows is 27.50 seconds by Ashrita Furman (USA) in Jamaica, New York, USA, on 29 November 2012.
8518Most trebles won by a European football teamF.C. PortofirstPortugal, PortoIn winning the 2011 UEFA Europa League, F.C. Porto (Portugal) became the first European club football team to win multiple trebles (top domestic league, national cup, European cup in the same season), matching the club's feat in 2003 of winning the Portuguese league/cup and the UEFA Champions League.
8519First microcomputerXenixfirst, 01 January 1980Microsoft was founded on 4 April 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen (both USA), then just 19 and 22 years of age respectively. They released their first operating system, Xenix, in 1980. The dominance of Microsoft began with a deal with IBM to provide an operating system for their first microcomputer, and the Microsoft Disk Operating System (MS-DOS) was introduced in 1981.
8520First digital programmable electronic computing devicesColossusfirstUnited Kingdom, 01 February 1944Designed by a team of British engineers led by Tommy Flowers, the Colossus computers were used to decipher communications between German military commanders towards the end of the Second World War. The first model began its work in February 1944, using vacuum tubes, predecessors of transistors, to perform calculations for code breaking. They were the first digital programmable electronic computing devices.

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