Guinness World Records List
Guinness World Records List

14011Largest mud buildingGrand MosqueMali, Djenne01 January 1905The Grand Mosque in Djenne, Mali, is the largest mud building in the world measuring 100 m (328 ft) long and 40 m (131 ft) wide. The present structure was built in 1905, based on the design of an 11th Century mosque. Rendered annually, it is surmounted by two massive towers and inside is a forest of vast columns taking up almost half of the floor space.
14012Woolsack race - fastest femaleZoe Dixon1/6.3 minute(s), second(s)United Kingdom, Tetbury01 January 2009The fastest time for a female individual competitor in the World Woolsack Championships held annually at Tetbury, Gloucestershire, UK, is 1 min 6.3 sec in 2009, by Zoe Dixon (UK). The event involves competitors racing up and down the 1 in 4 Gumstool Hill from The Royal Oak pub to The Crown. Women competitors carry 30 lb (13.6 kg) bag of wool on their shoulders.
14013Densest matterUnknownUnited States, Brookhaven National Laboratory01 January 2001Scientists using the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider have created the matter 20 times denser than the nucleus of an atom. By smashing the nucleii of gold atoms together at close to the speed of light, they were able to create exotic subatomic particles such as 'quarks' and 'gluons', which lasted for tiny fractions of a second. Matter this dense has probably not existed in the universe since its creation in the Big Bang, roughly 12-15 billion years ago.
14014Most expensive wedding dressMartin Katz Jewellers and Renee Strauss wedding dress12000000 UK pound(s)United States, Marina del Rey,,Luxury Brands Lifestyle Bridal Show26 February 2006The world’s most expensive wedding dress was especially created for the Luxury Brands Lifestyle Bridal Show held on 26 February 2006 at The Ritz-Carlton on Rodeo Drive in Marina del Rey, California, USA. A joint effort by Martin Katz Jewellers and Renee Strauss, a bridal couture designer, the $12 million wedding gown is bedecked with 150 carats’ worth of diamonds.
14015First Pacific crossing by hot air balloonPer Lindstrand , Richard Branson73600 square metre(s)Japan, 17 January 1991Richard Branson and Per Lindstrand crossed the Pacific in the Virgin Otsuka Pacific Flyer from the southern tip of Japan to Lac la Matre, Yukon, north-western Canada on January 15-17, 1991 in a 73,600 m 3 2.6 million ft³ balloon (the largest ever flown) to set FAI records for duration (46 hrs 15 mins) and distance (great circle 7671.9 km 4768 miles).Watch Per and Richard discuss their ballooning adventures in our 60th anniversary video below.
14016First solo Atlantic crossing in a helium balloonJoseph W. KittingerfirstUSA, Atlantic18 September 1984Col. Joe Kittinger, USAF became the first man to complete a solo transatlantic crossing by balloon. In the 2850m3 101,000ft3 helium-filled balloon Rosie O'Grady, Kittinger lifted off from Caribou, Maine, USA on 14 Sep 1984 and completed a distance of 5701km 3543miles before landing at Montenotte, near Savona, Italy 86hours later on 18 Sep 1984.
14017Longest rowing raceTour du Lac LemanSwitzerland01 January 2007The annual Tour du Léman à l’Aviron is the longest rowing race in the world, covering 160 km (99 mi) around the circumference of Lake Léman in Switzerland – equivalent to crossing the sea between England and France five times without a break. The fastest race time on record is 11 hr 55 min 19 sec, achieved by Matthias Auer, Olaf Behrend, Jochen Domscheit, Christian Klandt and Markus Neuman (all Germany), who won the men’s coxed fours category in the 2007 race.
14018Smallest countryState of the Vatican City or Holy See0.44 square kilometre(s)Vatican City, State of the Vatican City or Holy See (Stato della Città del Vaticano)01 January 1929The smallest independent country in the world is the State of the Vatican City or Holy See (Stato della Città del Vaticano), an enclave within the city of Rome, Italy. Its sovereignty was recognised by the Italian government under the terms of the Lateran Treaty on 11 February 1929. The enclave has an area of 0.44 km² (0.17 miles²).Pic: Alamy
14019Heaviest beetrootIan NealeUnited Kingdom, Shepton Mallet07 September 2001The heaviest beetroot weighs 23.4 kg (51 lb 9.4 oz) and was presented by Ian Neale (UK) at the National Giant Vegetable Championship, Shepton Mallet, Somerset, UK on 7 September 2001.
14020Largest wing-in-ground effect (WIG) vehicleCaspian Sea MonsterNot Applicable01 January 1960The 540 tonne "Caspian Sea Monster" was the largest wing-in-ground (WIG) effect vehicle (known as ekranoplan in Russian, wingship in US) ever built. This 106 m (348 ft) long leviathan was capable of skimming just meters above the ocean at speeds of up to 500 km/h (311 mph) and was built by the Soviet Central Design Bureau of Hydrofoil Vehicles in Gorky in the mid-1960s.This vehicle was around twice the size of the largest aircraft of its era, with relatively stubby "wings" with a span of 40 m (131 ft), but a tailplane as tall as a five-storey building (22 m or 72 ft) to aid stability. It was powered by 10 turbofan jet engines, but was destroyed in a crash in 1980.WIG vehicles operate on the principle that as aircraft fly closer to the ground they experience added lift as a result of increased pressure under their wings. Because the forward movement of the craft generates an "air cushion" on which it glides, WIGs are a highly efficient means of transport. WIG vehicles are effectively a cross between a hovercraft and an aircraft. The Russians conducted large-scale research into ekranoplans during the Cold War, hoping that they could have military applications, possibly as high-speed troop landing craft or missile platforms. Today, there is a renewal of interest in WIGs and much smaller models are being produced commercially.
14021Fastest lift (elevator)Taipei 101 (Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems)60.6 kilometre(s) per hourChinese Taipei, Taipei01 January 2004Two high-speed lifts installed by Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems (Japan) in Taipei 101, the world's tallest building situated in Taipei, Taiwan, have a maximum speed of 1,010 m/min (3,313 ft/min), equivalent to 60.6 km/h (37.6 mph). The lifts take just 40 seconds from ground level to the 89th floor, situated at 382 m (1,253 ft), and have atmospheric pressure regulatory systems to avoid discomfort (ears 'popping') for the occupants.In addition the lifts are streamlined to reduce wind noise.
14022Most hit records by a royalPrincess Stéphanie of MonacofirstMonacoPrincess Stephanie of Monaco, the younger daughter of Prince Rainier III and Princess Grace, is the only royal in the world to have had several pop music hits throughout Europe. Her album Rendez-Vous under the record label Success, made it in to the German Top 10 and the Dutch Top 40, as well as placing high on the Italian and French charts.
14023Youngest reigning monarchKing Oyo (Rukirabasaija Oyo Nyimba Kabamba Iguru Rukidi IV)Uganda01 January 2011King Oyo – aka Rukirabasaija Oyo Nyimba Kabamba Iguru Rukidi IV – is the 19-year-old ruler of Toro, a kingdom in Uganda, East Africa. Born on 16 April 1992, he came to power at the age of just three and now rules over 3% of Uganda’s 33-million-strong population. Despite his title, the King’s influence is largely symbolic, as the country is governed by an elected president.
14024Longest pendulumUnknownUnited States, Calumet11 January 2005The world's longest pendula were two lengths of number 24 steel piano wire, each 1,353.3 m (4,440 ft) long. They were suspended down the number 4 shaft of the Tamarack Mines, near Calumet, Michigan, USA, in September 1901. The experiment was performed by Professor Fred W. McNair (USA) and colleagues from the Michigan College of Mines, Michigan, USA. Contrary to expectations, the pendula were further apart at the bottom of the mine than at the top. The results were published in the journal Science on 20 June 1902.
14025Most advanced cloned human embryoUnknownfirstUnited States, Massachusetts01 November 2000In October 2001 a team of scientists at Advanced Cell Technologies (Massachusetts, USA), led by Dr Jose Cibelli (USA), created the first cloned human embryos using a cumulus cell from a mature human egg. One of these embryos managed to divide into six cells before growth ceased after around five days. The research aims to eventually produce cloned stem cells for use in curing disease.
14026Smallest centipedeNannarrup hoffmani10.3 millimetre(s)United States, New YorkThe smallest centipede in the world called Hoffman's dwarf centipede ( Nannarrup hoffmani ) measures 10.3 mm (0.4 in) long and has 41 pairs of legs. Ten of the centipedes were collected in Central Park, New York, USA in 1998 by researchers Liz Johnson.and Kefyn Catley of the American Natural History Museum and sent to Richard Hoffman, curator of invertebrates at the Virginia Museum of Natural History. Hoffman sent the centipede to experts in Italy who officially recognised it in 2002 naming it in his honour.
14027Largest horn spread - goat (living)Uncle Sam132 centimetre(s)United States, Rothsville16 April 2004The world's longest goat horns measured a tip-to-tip spread of 132 cm (52 in) on 16 April 2004 and belong to 'Uncle Sam' the goat, who is owned by William A and Vivian A Wentling (both USA) of Rothsville, Pennsylvania, USA.The outside curl of the left horn measured 99.9 cm (39.37 in) and that of the right horn measured 101.9 cm (40.12 in).
14028Most advanced battlefield simulatorUnknown850 peopleUnited Kingdom, Warminster01 September 2002The most sophisticated battlefield computer simulator is the Combined Arms Tactical Trainer. Situated at Warminster, UK and Sennelager, Germany, it is capable of training more than 850 military personnel at once in an integrated, realistic combat scenario involving vehicles, aircraft, soldiers and commanders. Simulated combat arenas of more than 10,000 km2 (3,800 miles2) are used. It was constructed for the UK's Ministry of Defence by Lockheed Martin, and became operational on 1 September 2002.
14029Most siblings to complete a marathonKapral family16 peopleUnited States, Appleton, WI20 September 2009The most siblings to complete a marathon is 16 and was set by the Kapral siblings: Chris, Vince, Steve, Tony, Joe, Doug, Angela, Allison, Theresa, Phil, Michelle, Mary, Nick, Mike, David and Sarah (all USA) who ran the Community First Fox City Marathon, Appleton, Wisconsin, USA, on 20 September 2009. The brothers and sisters, ranging in age from 18 to 44, posted the times from 3:09:51 to 5:31:49 in the 26.2 mile (42.2 km) race.
14030Longest path in a temporary corn / crop mazeWorkgroup LabyrinthBelgium, Flanders13 August 2005The longest path in a temporary corn maze measured 16.826 km (10.45 miles) when opened to the public on 13 August 2005 in Flanders, Assenede, Belgium. The maze was designed and created by Workgroup Labyrinth.
14031First successful kidney transplantJoseph MurrayfirstUnited States, Boston23 December 1954Joseph Murray (USA, 1 April 1919 – 26 November 2012) performed the first successful kidney transplant on 23 December 1954 at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, USA. The donor and recipient were Ronald and Richard Herrick who, because they were identical twins with identical genetic make-ups, did not face the issue of rejection by the recipient’s immune system. Joseph Murray received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990 for his work in human organ transplantation.
14032First solo expedition to the North PoleNaomi UemurafirstArctic, Naomi Uemura (1941–84), the Japanese explorer and mountaineer, became the first person to reach the North Pole in a solo expedition across the Arctic sea-ice at 4:45 a.m. GMT on 1 May 1978. He had travelled 770 km (478 miles), setting out on 7 March from Cape Edward, Ellesmere Island in northern Canada. The expedition was dog-supported and assisted (resupplies).
14033First feature filmUnknownfirstAustralia, Melbourne,Victoria01 January 1906The world's first full-length feature film was The Story of the Kelly Gang, made in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia in 1906. Produced on a budget of £450 (then US$2185.65), this biopic of the notorious armoured bushranger Ned Kelly (1855-80) ran for 60-70 minutes and opened at the Melbourne Town Hall on 26 December 1906. It was produced by the local theatrical company J. and N. Tait.
14034Largest gay and lesbian rights marchMarch on Washington for Gay, Lesbian and Bi Equal Rights300000 peopleUnited States, WashingtonD.C.25 April 2000On April 25, 1993, 300,000 people gathered in support of the March on Washington for Gay, Lesbian and Bi-equal Rights. The event, which occurred on the mall near the Washington Memorial in Washington, DC, USA, was planned to show support for legislation granting equal rights for homosexuals in American society, including anti-discrimination regulations based on sexual orientation and an end to the ban on homosexuals in the US military. Marchers included the then-New York Mayor David Dinkins and actress Cybill Shepherd.
14035Longest line of pizzasVan Duzer Foundation, St. Lucie County Education FoundationUnited States, Fort PierceThe longest line of pizzas measured 541.8 m (1,777 ft 10 in) and was achieved by the Van Duzer Foundation and the St. Lucie County Education Foundation (both USA) in Fort Pierce, Florida, USA, on 16 May 2009.The line consisted of 1,800 12-inch pizzas. More than 1,500 people attended the event.
14036Longest single hole completed in 12 hoursDu Preez, West, Du Plessis and BritsSouth Africa, Pretoria12 December 2006The longest 'hole' completed in under 12 hours measured 76.2 km (47.34 miles) long between 3rd tee at Bronkhorstspruit GC, Gauteng, South Africa and the 18th hole at Witbank GC, Mpumalanga, South Africa and was played in 785 shots (losing 28 balls in the process) by Heinrich du Preez, Rikus Brits, Johannes du Plessis and Kenny West (all South Africa), on 12 December 2006.
14037Longest running horticultural showThe Philadephia Flower Show1829/06/06 year(s), month(s), day(s)United States, Philadelphia06 June 1829The longest running horticultural show is The Philadelphia Flower Show, which has been hosted annually by the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society since 6 June 1829 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, with the exception of 1918, and 1943-46, due to the US involvement in World War I and II.The exhibitions have been held in in various indoor venues in Philadelphia. The next show in 2006 will be its its 172nd (taking into account the war years), but celebrating its 177th anniversary. The first show, held in 1829, was called: The Exhibition of Fruits, Flowers and plants.
14038Largest covered wagonDavid R. BentleyUnited States, Pawnee01 January 2001The world's largest covered wagon is 12.2 m (40 ft) long, 3.65 m (12 ft) wide and 7.6 m (25 ft) tall, and was hand built out of Illinois oak and steel by David Bentley (USA) in 2001. In 2007, The Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau of Logan County, Illinois, purchased the wagon for $10,000 (£6,147) from Bentley. They moved the wagon from outside his home in Pawnew, to Route 66 in Lincoln, Illinois, USA.The wagon was built to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the famous Route 66. A 3.6 m (12 ft) fibreglass Abraham Lincoln sits on the wagon seat.
14039Smallest piece of iceRoger Miller, Klaus NautaUnited States, Chapel Hill11 November 1998The smallest piece of ice was created by Roger Miller and Klaus Nauta of the University of North Carolina in 1999. Consisting of just six water molecules arranged in a hexagon, the ice crystal is the smallest theoretically possible, as a minimum of six molecules are required for the formation of ice. For comparison, the average drop of water contains around 100,000,000,000,000,000,000 molecules of water.The research was published in Science Vol. 287, pp. 293-295, 2000, and was accepted on 11 November 1999.
14040Most people polishing shoesAsakusa Polishing Shoes World Challenge Executive Committee800 peopleJapan, Koto22 November 2013The most people polishing shoes is 800, achieved at an event organised by Asakusa Polishing Shoes World Challenge Executive Committee (Japan) at Asahi Shopping Street in Taito, Tokyo, Japan, on 22 November 2013.

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