Guinness World Records List
Guinness World Records List

14191Incredible loom-band bracelet lands a world record for young cancer victimA young boy’s quest to create a record-breaking loom band bracelet long enough to reach the moon has been fulfilled by his younger brother in his memory.
14192Video: Watch Nigerian choir sing their way to largest group of carol singers recordThere was plenty of Christmas cheer at the Uyo Township Stadium in Akwa Ibom, Nigeria during the run up to last month's holiday season, where a new record was set for the largest group of carol singers.
14193Infographic: Happy 60th Anniversary Guinness World Records!Guinness World Records today celebrates 60 years of chronicling and illuminating the very best in record-breaking achievements.  Since first being published on 27 August 1955, the Guinness World Records book has educated, informed and settled arguments for over 134 million people in over 21 languages and in 100 countries worldwide, making it the bestselling annual book and copyrighted title in the history of publishing. Guinness World Records is now one of the most recognised brands in the world and is available across digital platforms, GWR TV shows are viewed by over 750 million people worldwide and in 2014, GWR worked on 800 brand activations in 63 countries.  To mark the occasion, Guinness World Records looks back at iconic records and how they have changed - or remained the same – in infographic form. * The 2016 Guinness World Records book and Gamer’s Edition are both available on September 10th.
14194Largest Shaving Cream Pie Fight Held in DallasThe largest shaving cream pie fight was held this week with 714 participants in Dallas, Texas by Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey as part of International Clown Week.Participants threw an impressive 1,428 shaving cream pies at each other for just over one minute.The previous record of 684 pie fighters was set at Drake University in Iowa, USA.Tents with circus and fair activities such as face painting and snow cones surrounded the AT&T Plaza where the fight was held.Also in the plaza were clowns from the Lewisville Life and Fire Safety, who were teaching the kids about fire
14195Watch live: Caine Eckstein attempts Most Pull Ups in 24 HoursAustralian athlete Caine Eckstein is attempting to break the current record for the most pull ups in 24 hours - live on NBC in New York City. Caine will attempt to break the record currently held by Kyle Gurkovich who achieved 4,182 pull ups between 14-15 June 2014. His attempt began today live on the Today Show. Watch the stream live below.videoGood luck to @CaineEckstein, warming up now for his 'Most Pull Ups in 24 Hours' record attempt on— GuinnessWorldRecords (@GWR) October 6, 2014
14196Most expensive Christmas tree decoratedEmirates PalaceUnited Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi16 December 2010The most expensively dressed Christmas tree was valued at 41,329,531 AED ($11,026,900 US £6,975,880), and was erected and displayed by the Emirates Palace (UAE) in Abu Dhabi, UAE, from 16 to 29 December 2010.The tree was covered in 181 items of jewelry and stood 13.1 m (43.2 ft) high.
14197Smallest parasitePneumocystis carinii60 percentagePneumocystis carinii, causing pneumonia in humans, inhabits the lungs but is only 0.5–1 mm (0.02 in) long.Pneumocystis carinii is found in the alveolar spaces in the lungs and appears in two forms – the trophozoite and the cyst. The cysts are 5–7 µm and resemble a partially collapsed ping-pong ball. The organism causes pneumonia and is the primary cause of death in HIV sufferers. 60% of people have actually been infected with the organism by the age of four, but a healthy immune system prevents the disease from developing, and it is only when the immune system becomes weak that it can cause illness.The smallest parasitic animals comprise various unicellular, protozoan parasites, some of which are only a few micrometres long. Leishmania donovani and L. tropica, responsible for leishmaniasis in humans, are intracellular parasites, measuring a mere 2 mm (0.08 in) long. The varied larval stages of the malarial parasites of the genus Plasmodium are also intracellular, living within red blood cells and the liver's parenchyma cells. Toxoplasma gondii, infecting all organs in humans and responsible for toxoplasmosis, is 4-6 mm (0.16-0.24 ins) long.
14198Highest death toll from warsWorld War II56400000 peopleBy far the most costly war in terms of human life was World War II (1939–45), in which the total number of fatalities, including battle deaths and civilians of all countries, is estimated to have been 56.4 million, assuming 26.6 million Soviet fatalities and 7.8 million Chinese civilians were killed. The country that suffered most in proportion to its population was Poland, with 6,028,000 or 17.2 per cent of its population of 35,100,000 killed. In the Paraguayan war of 1864–70 against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay, Paraguay's population was reduced from 407,000 to 221,000 survivors, of whom fewer than 30,000 were adult males.
14199Longest time having kidney dialysis (haemodialysis)Brian Aloysious TocherUnited Kingdom, London01 January 2006Brian Tocher (UK) has been on haemodialysis for 33 years and continues to be dialysed 3 times a week at Charing Cross Hospital, London, United Kingdom. He first commenced haemodialysis on 13 June 1966 and had two kidney transplants during this time which were successful only for a short time.In summary, the periods of dialysis have been:13 June 1966 to December 19717 November 1972 to July 198727 January 1994 to present day
14200Largest Van de Graaf generatorDr. Robert J. Van de GraafUnited States, Massachussetts Institute of Technology01 January 1931The largest Van de Graaf generator was built by Dr. Robert J. Van de Graaf in 1931 at the Massachussetts Institute of Technology. It was originally used to research high-energy X-rays and atom smashing, but is now on permanent display at the Thomson Theater of Electricity at the Boston Museum of Science, where it is demonstrated every day. It consists of two columns each with a 4.57 m (15 ft) hollow aluminium sphere at the top. Originally the two sphere were oppositely charged which resulted in lightning-like discharges of 5 million volts. Today, both spheres are joined together and discharge to props and grounded probes, rather than discharging to each other.
14201Fastest aircraft, airlinerTupolev Tu-144, Concorde2587 kilometre(s) per hourUSSR, The Tupolev Tu-144, first flown on 31 December 1968 in the former USSR, was reported to have reached Mach 2.4 (2,587 km/h 1,600 mph), but normal cruising speed was Mach 2.2. After two crashes the aircraft was taken out of service in 1978.The BAC/Aerospatiale Concorde, first flown on 2 March 1969, cruised at up to Mach 2.02 (2,333 km/h 1,450 mph) and became the first supersonic airliner used on passenger services on 21 January 1976. The New York-London record is 2 hrs 52 mins 59 secs, set on 7 February 1996. The last Concordes were taken out of service by British Airways on 24 October 2003 because they were no longer profitable to run.Scheduled services flying freight and mail began on 26 December 1975.
14202Oldest confirmed impact on EarthGary ByerlyUSA, The rocks were taken from the Barberton greenstone belt of South Africa and the eastern Pilbara block of western Australia23 January 2002On 23 August 2002 a team of US scientists led by Gary Byerly (Louisiana State University) and Donald Lowe (Stanford University) announced their discovery of a 3.47-billion-year-old asteroid impact on Earth. They had studied ancient rock samples from Australia and South Africa and analysed the spherules contained within. These tiny particles are a common byproduct of meteoritic impact and were used to date the impact, along with local zircon crystals. The 20-30 cm-thick (8-12 inches) spherule beds in the rock indicate that the impacting body had a rough diameter of around 20 km (12 miles) across. However, no crater has been found as Earth's geological processes have had plenty of time to erase it.Although many impacts would have occurred prior to this, including the postulated impact of a Mars-sized body with the early Earth, this is the oldest impact that has direct evidence from geological samples.
14203Most expensive chocolate bar sold at auctionCadbury's chocolate bar470 UK pound(s)United Kingdom, London25 September 2001The most valuable chocolate bar in the world is a 100-year old Cadbury's chocolate bar which went on Captain Robert Scott's first Discovery expedition (1901-1904) to the Antarctic. The bar, which is 10 cm (4 in) long, wrapped and uneaten in a cigarette tin, was bought for £470 ($687) by an anonymous buyer at Christie's, London, UK on 25 September 2001.The bar was made at Cadbury's Bournville factory in Birmingham and was part of 1,587 kg (3,500 lb) of cocoa and chocolate Scott took on the trip.
14204First three-tiered victory podium at the OlympicsLos Angeles Olympic Games, 1932United States, Los Angeles01 January 1932The 1932 Los Angeles Games proved to be the most spectacular in history, with the sheer size and quality of the city’s Coliseum Olympic Stadium wowing the crowds and the world’s media. It was also the Games that introduced many of the Olympic traditions that continue today, including the tiered victory podium on which the three medallists stand to receive their awards. Los Angeles was also the first Games to see the gold medallist honoured with the raising of his national flag and the playing of his national anthem during the presentation.
14205First empire in world historyNeo-Assyrian EmpirefirstNot ApplicableThe Neo-Assyrian Empire is considered to have been the first empire ever established. Originating in northern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) in the late 10th century BC, the empire reached the height of its power and influence in the 8th century BC, when the territories under its control stretched from the Persian Gulf in the Near East all the way to the Mediterranean Sea to the west. The fall of the empire came in 612 BC, when the capital city of Nineveh (modern Mosul) was destroyed by the combined forces of the Babylonians and their allies.
14206First aerial loop with a jet-propelled wingYves RossyfirstSwitzerland, Bercher05 November 2010On 5 November 2010, Yves Rossy (Switzerland) completed the first aerial loop of a hot-air balloon using a jet-propelled wing strapped to his back. The Swiss Yves Rossy took off from Bercher at 9:45 am (Swiss time) on board of the hot-air balloon “Esprit Breitling Orbiter” , piloted by Brian Jones, to reach an altitude of 2.400 meters in 18 minutes. His wing on his back, the 4 jet-engines turned on, he jumped out of the balloon’s basket. He flew a few minutes to stabilize his wing and find the optimal angle to begin two loopings. Jetman executed a rotation in front of the balloon. Then, he deployed his parachute to land in Denezy (VD).The flight was achieved with Yves Rossy’s new wing, smaller (2 meters instead of 2.5 meters) and without unfoldable parts. This new prototype, designed by Yves and the RUAG Company, possesses a better aerodynamic profile and more stability. The hot-air balloon in front of which the flying man accomplished his achievement is named “Esprit Breitling Orbiter ”. On its board, the British balloonist Brian Jones, winner of the first non-stop round-the-world balloon flight in 1999, manoeuvred with precision the balloon in order to make Yves Rossy’s looping possible.
14207Country with greatest risk to food supplyAfghanistanAfghanistan01 January 2010According to the Food Security Risk Index 2010, released by the risk analysis and rating firm Maplecroft, which evaluates the dangers to the supply of basic food staples for 163 countries, Afghanistan is the country at greatest risk to disruption of its food supplies. The current war between NATO forces and the Taliban is the principle reason for its exposure to this risk but poverty, poor infrastructure and failing roads and telecommunications, as well as the potential for droughts and floods, also contributed to the adverse assessment. The other nine in the top ten at risk of disruption to their food supply are all African nations.
14208Most hot air balloons to cross the English ChannelPalletwaysUnited Kingdom, Dover07 April 2011The most hot air balloons to cross the English Channel is 49 and was organised by Palletways (UK) on 7 April 2011. The group took off from Lydden Hill Race Circuit, Dover, UK and landed at Calais Airport, France. 50 balloons started initially, but one had to land before reaching the Channel due to technical difficulties.
14209Longest interval between births of tripletsChristine Berdeguez (nee Jamison)66/50 day(s), hour(s), minute(s)United States, Carolina04 January 1956The longest interval between the birth of triplets was 66 hr and 50 min for the birth of Christine, Catherine and Calvin, children of Louise and Robert Jamison of South Carolina, United States. Christine was born at 3.05 am on 2 January 1956, Catherine was born at 10 am on 3 January 1956 and Calvin was born at 9.55 pm on 4 January 1956.The time is taken from the birth of the first child, to the birth of the third - not for the entire labour.
14210First successful partial face transplantIsabelle DinoirefirstFrance, Amiens University Hospital27 November 2005Isabelle Dinoire (France) underwent the first partial face transplant at Amiens University Hospital, Amiens, France, on 27 November 2005. Ms Dinoire was left with severe facial disfigurement after her cross-labrador pet dog ripped off her nose, lips and chin trying to wake her after she accidentally overdosed on pills in May 2005. Surgeons worked through the night to remove the skin, fat and some blood vessels from the braindead donor and then placed them over the Ms Dinoire's skull and muscle before re-connecting the blood vessels. The operation was led by Professor Jean-Michel Dubernard (France), who carried out the first hand transplant in 1998. Ms Dinoire was aged 38 during her operation.
14211Most expensive meat pieFence Gate Inn14260 US dollar(s)United Kingdom, Burnley14 November 2005The most expensive pie cost customers to the Fence Gate Inn, Lancashire, UK £8,195 (then $14,260) or £1,024 (then $1,781) per slice when ordered by eight guests on 14 November 2005. The pie's ingredients includes £500 ($870) worth of Japanese wagyu beef fillet (from cattle who treated so well they are even massaged!), Chinese matsutake mushrooms (£500 per 1kg $870 per 2 lb 3 oz) - so precious, they are harvested under guard, Winter Black truffles, French Bluefoot mushrooms at £200 per 1 kg ($348 per 2 lb 3 oz), gravy made from made two bottles of vintage 1982 Chateau Mouton Rothschild wine at £1,000 ($1,740) each and finally the pastry topped with edible gold leaf costing £100 ($174) per sheet.
14212First international nuclear weapons free zoneUnknown15 July 2009The aim of an international Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (NWFZ) is to support the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which aims to reduce the ownership of nuclear weapons. To that end, under the guidelines of the United Nations and NPT, there are now five such zones, but the first to be created was that covering Latin America and the Caribbean under the Treaty of Tlatelolco. It covers thirty-three states and came into force in on 25 April 1969. The latest to enter force is African NWFZ, which came into force on 15 July 2009 under the Treaty of Pelindaba.
14213First landing on an aircraft carrierEric “Winkle” BrownfirstNot Applicable, Fleet Air Arm Museum,Yeovilton03 December 1945The first man to land and take-off a jet aircraft from an aircraft carrier was Erick “Winkle” Brown (UK). The flight took place on 3 December 1945 from HMS Ocean in a Sea Vampire of the Royal Navy registration LZ551/G. The aircraft is housed at the Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovilton, UK. Captain Brown also holds the records for the most type of aircraft flown, 487, and for the most landings on a carrier, of which performed 2,407.
14214First person to row three oceansErden EruçfirstMadagascar, 26 November 2010Erden Eruç (Turkey) is the first oarsman to conquer three different oceans: the Atlantic east to west from Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands to Guadeloupe in 95 days 22 hr between 29 January and 5 May 2006 the Pacific east to west from Bodega Bay, California, USA, to New Guinea in 312 days between 10 July 2007 and 17 May 2008 and the Indian Ocean east to west from Carnarvon, Australia, to Madagascar in 136 days 12 hr between 13 July and 26 November 2010. All rows were completed solo in Erden’s vessel, Around-n-Over.
14215Fastest monohull vessel to row the Atlantic east to west (“Trade Winds I” route)Sara G33/21/46 day(s), hour(s), minute(s)Barbados, 08 February 2011The fastest east¬west transatlantic crossing via the Trade Winds I route was achieved by the six crew of the Sara G Matt Craughwell, Graham Carlin (both UK), Thomas Cremona (Malta), Rob Byrne, Adam Burke (both Ireland) and Fiann Paul (Iceland), who rowed 2,753 nautical miles (5,099 km 3,168 miles) from Tarfaya, Morocco, to Barbados, West Indies, in 33 days 21 hr 46 min from 5 January to 8 February 2011 at an average overall speed of 3.386 knots (6.3 km/h 3.9 mi/h).
14216Fastest team to row the Atlantic west to east (“from USA, New York area” route)Artemis InvestmentsUnited Kingdom, St Mary’s,Scilly Isles31 July 2010Having stood for 114 years, the oldest record in ocean-rowing history was finally broken in 2010, when the crew of the Artemis Investments – Leven Brown, Don Lennox (both UK), Ray Carroll (Ireland) and Livar Nysted (Faroe Islands) – rowed the Atlantic west to east from Battery Park, New York, USA, to St Mary’s, Scilly Isles, UK, in just 43 days 21 hr 26 min 48 sec. The four men rowed from 17 June to 31 July 2010, beating the previous record, set in 1896, by more than 11 days.
14217Largest ensemble, marimbaWestern Province Preparatory School students98 participantsSouth Africa, Cape Town03 February 2014The largest marimba ensemble consists of 98 participants and was achieved by past and present students of Western Province Preparatory School (South Africa) in Cape Town, South Africa, on 3 February 2014.The performance lasted 15 minutes, consisted of five pieces and was conducted by Philip Pringle, who at some point was the music teacher for all the participants.
14218Largest maze, temporary corn / crop mazeCool Patch Pumpkinssquare metre(s)United States, Dixon,,Dixon, California, USA03 October 2014The largest temporary corn maze is 60 acres (24.28 hectares) and was created by Cool Patch Pumpkins (USA) at their premises in Dixon, California, USA, and verified on 3 October 2014.
14219Longest chain of fire hosesSouth Tyrol Fire BrigadesItaly, BruneckThe longest chain of fire hoses is 63.206 km (39.274 miles) and was achieved by the South Tyrol Fire Brigades (Italy), in Bruneck and surrounding areas, Italy, on 31 May 2014.
14220Largest streetdance performancePMT Dance Studio253 participantsUnited States, New York09 September 2015The largest streetdance performance consists of 253 dancers and was achieved by PMT Dance Studio (USA) on the set of NBC's Today in New York, New York, USA on 9 September 2015. PMT Dance Studio's record was one of six broken during 'Break it TODAY' week on NBC's Today during the 2016 Guinness World Records Book launch.

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