Guinness World Records List
Guinness World Records List

14461First prehistoric salamandersUnknownChina27 March 2003The earliest prehistoric salamanders date back 165 million years. Fossilised remains of thousands of individuals have been discovered in volcanic ash beds in China and Mongolia.As well as their skeletons, impressions of soft tissue of Chunerpeton tianyiensis, and stomach contents have been preserved. Previously, the earliest known salamanders dated back around 65 million years. These animals are related to salamanders which currently inhabit North America and Asia. The discoveries are part of an ongoing programme of research by the University of Chicago, US, and Peking University, Beijing, China. Their work was published in the journal Nature on 27 March 2003.
14462Most physiciansSan Marino47.35 peopleSan Marino, 01 September 2011The country with the most physicians per head of population is San Marino. According to the World Development Indicators database, San Marinos enjoy the services of 47.35 physicians for every thousand residents.
14463Largest concentration of geysersYellowstone National ParkUnited States01 January 2011According to UNESCO, Yellowstone National Park, which lies mostly within theborders of Wyoming, USA, contains more than 10,000 geothermal features -more than half of the world's known examples. The park's extensive, intactecosystem is home to thousands of hot springs, mudpots and fumeroles, andboasts at least 300 geysers - two-thirds of the planet's total - with upto 250 of those active. Geysers are hot springs of boiling water that eruptperiodically into the air as the underground steam expands up to 1,500 timesits normal volume.Yellowstone was opened in 1872 and covers 9,000 km2 (3,475 miles2) of theAmerican west. It occupies Wyoming (97%), Montana (2%) and Idaho (1%).
14464Heaviest insectUnknown70 - 100 gram(s)AfricaThe heaviest insects are the goliath beetles (family Scarabaeidae) of equatorial Africa. The largest are Goliathus regius, G. meleagris, G. goliathus (=G. giganteus) and G. druryi and in measurements of one series of males (females are smaller) the lengths from the tips of the small frontal horns to the end of the abdomen were up to 11 cm (4.33 in), with weights of 70-100 g (2.5-3.5oz).Lifespan: 6.5 mths, discovered: 1835.
14465Least accurately-known physical constantGravitation0.15 percentageNot Applicable, 08 January 2002The least accurately-known of all of the physical constants of the universe is the Newtonian constant of gravitation, G, often called 'Big G'. This constant determines how strong the gravity of one body is on another, and vice versa. However, the best determinations of this constant still have an uncertainty of 0.15%.The physical constants of the universe are fundamental numbers, such as the charge on an electron and the speed of light in a vacuum.
14466Most chicken nuggets eaten in three minutesChristian Williams494.9 gram(s)United States, San Leandro25 August 2012The most chicken nuggets eaten in three minutes is 494.9 g (17.4 oz) and was achieved by Christian Williams (USA), in San Leandro, California, USA, on 25 August 2012.
14467Heaviest pummelo/pomeloKumamoto Prefectural Yatsushiro Agricultural High School4,859.7 gram(s)Japan, Yatsushiro25 December 2014The heaviest pummelo/pomelo weighs 4,859.7 g (10 lb 11.3 oz) and was grown by Kumamoto Prefectural Yatsushiro Agricultural High School (Japan) in Yatsushiro, Kumamoto, Japan. The weight was verified on 25 December 2014. The specimen was a Japanese pomelo called Banpeiyu (Citrus grandis/maxima). The school grows Banpeiyu as a teaching material, and one of them had grown so big the school decided to apply for the record. The title-holding pomelo had a diameter of 28.1 cm (11.06 in).
14468Smallest crocodilian hatchlingsChinese alligator Alligator sinensis30 gram(s)China, 12 October 2015The smallest hatchlings produced by any species of crocodilian are those of the Chinese alligator Alligator sinensis, which also lays the smallest crocodilian eggs. Mean hatchling size has been recorded at 20–21 cm total length and 30 g in weight.Based on the weight of the eggs measured at the beginning of the incubation period, neonates weighed between 58% and 64% of initial egg mass. Bearing in mind that – owing to predation – newly hatched alligator mortality is high, the Chinese alligator surprisingly produces only relatively small clutches (of 20–30 eggs), but in proportion to this species' body size its clutch size is actually larger than that of many other crocodilian species.
14469First use of a graphite bombUnknownIraq01 January 1991Jim Hunter chopped 25 watermelons on the stomach of Celia Curtis (both Australia) in one minute using a machete on the set of Guinness World RecordThese bombs (also known as 'black out bombs') are also the first of many 'soft' bombs since they are non-lethal and seek to disadvantage the enemy by disabling power supplies. They work by exploding a cloud of thousands of ultra-fine carbon-fibre wires over electrical installations, short-circuiting the electrical systems.A later version of the G-bomb was used by NATO in May 1999 to successfully disable 70% of Serbia's power supply.
14470Most no. 1s on the US contemporary Jazz Album chartKenny G14 timesUnited States, 17 July 2010On 17 July 2010, saxophonist Kenny G (USA) scored his 14th No.1 on the US Contemporary Jazz album chart.
14471Largest cut rubellite cat's eyeJadeite & Rare Gems GallerySingapore, Singapore04 January 2011The largest cut rubellite cat's eye is 295.08 carats (59 g 2.08 oz) and measures 36.74 x 32.02 x 28.74 mm (1.44 x 1.26 x 1.13 in). It is owned by Sushmorre (Singapore).Cat's eye rubellite belongs to the natural tourmaline species. The colour of the gem is purple red.
14472Land-speed landmarks - first two-way record attemptL G “Cupid” Hornsted124.095 mile(s) per hourUnited Kingdom, ,,Brooklands, Surrey24 June 1914L G “Cupid” Hornsted (UK), driving Benz #3 (internal combustion engine), achieved a speed of 124.095 mi/h at Brooklands, Surrey, UK, on 24 June 1914.
14473Fastest national mobile broadband networkNext G™Australia17 February 2009The fastest national mobile broadband network in the world is Telstra (Australia´s) Next G™ network, which has achieved peak network download speeds of 21 Mbps.
14474Last Olympic gold medal1912 Olympic Games held in Stockholm, SwedenSweden01 January 1912The last time gold medals were made from solid gold was at the summer Games staged in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1912. Thereafter, the medals were cast in silver and coated in 6 g (0.2 oz) of gold.
14475Largest recorded impact in the Solar SystemComet Shoemaker-Levy 9 impact, Jupiter16 July 1994Between 16 and 22 July 1994, more than 20 fragments of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 collided with the giant planet Jupiter. The greatest impact was of the 'G' fragment, which exploded with the energy of roughly 600 times the nuclear arsenal of the world, equivalent to six million megatons of TNT.When fragment ‘A’ plunged into the atmosphere at 60 km/s, the Galileo spacecraft detected a fireball with a temperature of 24,000 K and an associated plume reaching 3,000 km high.
14476Largest musclegluteus maximus40 percentageMuscles normally account for 40% of human bodyweight in men and 35% in women. The bulkiest of the 639 named muscles in the human body is usually the gluteus maximus or buttock muscle, which extends the thigh. However, in pregnancy the uterus or womb can increase from about 30 g (1 oz) to over 1 kg (2.2 lb) in weight.
14477Shortest babyNisa Juarez24 centimetre(s)United States, Minneapolis20 July 2002Nisa Juarez (USA) was born on 20 July 2002 measuring 24 cm (9.44 in) long at the Children's Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Born 108 day premature, she weighed 320 g (11.3 oz) and was discharged from hospital on 6 December 2002.
14478Largest species of cave-dwelling batBulmer’s fruit batPapua New GuineaThe largest cave-dwelling bat is Bulmer’s fruit bat (Aproteles bulmerae), native to Papua New Guinea. Adult females have a wingspan of around 1 m (3 ft 3 in), and weigh approximately 600 g (21 oz). It was known to science only from 9,000-year-old fossils until 1977, when some modern-day preserved specimens were unexpectedly uncovered in a museum. Living specimens were later discovered in a huge cave within western Papua’s Hindenburg mountain range.
14479Most onions peeled and sliced in one minuteMasanori Fujimura615 gram(s)Japan, Osaka31 October 2015The most onions peeled and sliced in one minute is 615 g (21.69 oz) and was achieved by Masanori Fujimura (Japan) at an event organised by Nankai Electric Railway Co., Ltd. in Osaka, Osaka, Japan, on 31 October 2015.The record attempt took place in a challenge fair manner at NATTS 15th Anniversary event, "Good & Tasty Food Carnival" at Namba Carnival Mall near Namba station in Osaka. There were preliminaries and only 3 finalists attempted the record officially. All 3 finalists were chefs from restaurants.
14480Land-speed landmarks - first to exceed 100 mi/hLouis Emile Rigolly103.561 mile(s) per hourBelgium, Ostend21 July 1904Louis Emile Rigolly (France), driving Gobron-Brillié (internal combustion engine), achieved a speed of 103.561 mi/h in Ostend, Belgium, on 21 July 1904.
14481Land-speed landmarks - first to exceed 200 mi/hHenry Segrave203.792 mile(s) per hourUnited States, Daytona29 March 1927Henry Segrave (USA/UK), driving Sunbeam 1000 (internal combustion engine), achieved a speed of 203.792 mi/h in Daytona, Florida, USA, on 29 March 1927.
14482Class reunion - longest elapsed timeRobert H Moore, JR.United States, BluefieldThe 1929 class of Miss Blanche Miller's Kindergarten and Continuation School, Bluefield. West Virginia, USA had their first reunion after 70 years. Ten members of the class had died but of the remaining, 55% were in attendence.
14483Largest single donation to AIDS researchWilliam H. Gates Foundation100000000 US dollar(s)United States, 27 January 2001On 27 January 2001, Bill Gates announced at the World Economic Forum that the foundation named after himself and wife Melinda would give $100 million (then approx. £68 million) to the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative. The 5-year grant was the largest single donation ever for AIDS research.
14484Tallest artificial air vortexMercedes-Benz Museum GmbHGermany, Stuttgart15 October 2007The record for the largest artificial air vortex is 34.43 m (112 ft 11.51 inch) achieved at the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany on 15 October 2007.
14485First circumnavigation by aircraftLieutenant Lowell H Smith and Lieutenant eslie P. Arnold, Lieutenant Erik H. Nelson and Lieutenant John Harding1924/04/06 - 1924/08/28 year(s), month(s), day(s)USA, Seattle,Washington28 September 1924The earliest flight around the world was by two US Army Douglas DWC seaplanes in 57 "hops" between 6 April and 28 September 1924, beginning and ending at Seattle, Washington, USA. The Chicago was piloted by Lieutenant Lowell H. Smith and Lieutenant Leslie P. Arnold, and the New Orleans by Lieutenant Erik H. Nelson and Lieutenant John Harding (all USA). Their flying time for the 42,398-km (26,345-mile) trip was 371 hr 11 min.
14486Fastest serve of a tennis ball (male)Samuel Groth263 kilometre(s) per hourKorea (South), BusanOn 9 May 2012, Samuel Groth (Australia) served an ace recorded at 263 km/h (163.4 mph) during an ATP Challenger event in Busan, South Korea. The serve came during Groth’s second-round match against Uladzimir Ignatik (Belarus). In the match, Groth also hit serves recorded at 255.7 km/h (158.9 mph) and 253.5 km/h (157.5 mph), both of which surpassed Ivo Karlovic's (Croatia) previous record of 251 km/h (156 mph). However, Groth still lost the match 6-4, 6-3.
14487Fastest avalancheMount St. Helens eruption402.3 kilometre(s) per hourUnited States, Mt. St. HelensThe volcanic explosion of Mt. St. Helens on May 18, 1980, triggered the fastest recorded avalanche in history on the mountains north slope. The velocity reached was 402.3km/h 250mph.
14488Fastest mobility scooterMathew Hine, David Anderson173.16 kilometre(s) per hourIsle of Man, Jurby30 August 2014The fastest speed achieved by a mobility scooter is 173.16 km/h (107.6 mph) and was achieved by David Anderson and Mathew Hine (both Isle of Man) at the Jurby Motodrome, Isle of Man, on 30 August 2014. David and Mathew used the engine from a Suzuki 600cc bandit. The speed was measured as an average over 1/4 of a mile.
14489Largest fishing tournamentPromotora de Pesca Deportiva SA de CV , Gobierno Municipal de Matamoros Tamaulipas 2011-2013Mexico, Matamoros,On the shores of Baghdad Beach09 September 2012The largest fishing tournament is 3,752 participants, achieved at the Bagdad Beach Sea Fishing Tournament, organised by Gobierno Municipal 2011-2013 H. Matamoros Tamaulipas Mexico and Promotora de Pesca Deportiva SA de CV (both Mexico) in Bagdad Beach, Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico, on 9 September 2012Registration for the event began on 8 September 2012, the day before the event, due to the large amount of participants involved. There were a total of 34 monetary prizes distributed to winners of the tournament. The attempt was held on a stretch of 40 km on the beach.
14490Fastest golf cartRobby Steen191.12 kilometre(s) per hourUnited States, Hartsville31 October 2014The fastest golf cart is the 'Bandit' by Plum Quick Motors, which achieved a speed of 191.12 km/h (118.76 mph) when driven by Robby Steen (USA) at the Darlington Dragway in Hartsville, South Carolina, USA, on 31 October 2014. This is the second time a cart from Plum Quick motors has taken the title for the 'Fastest'.

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