Today in History, English
Today in History, English

1January 1Event153 BC – Roman consuls begin their year in office.
2January 1Event45 BC – The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.
3January 1Event42 BC – The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar
4January 1Event69 – The Roman legions in Germania Superior refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius as emperor.
5January 1Event193 – The Senate chooses Pertinax against his will to succeed Commodus as Roman emperor.
6January 1Event404 – An infuriated Roman mob tears Telemachus, a Christian monk, to pieces for trying to stop a gladiators' fight in the public arena held in Rome.
7January 1Event414 – Galla Placidia, half-sister of Emperor Honorius, is married to the Visigothic king Ataulf at Narbonne. The wedding is celebrated with Roman festivities and magnificent gifts from the Gothic booty.
8January 1Event417 – Emperor Honorius forces Galla Placidia into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum).
9January 1Event1001 – Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II.
10January 1Event1068 – Romanos IV Diogenes marries Eudokia Makrembolitissa and is crowned Byzantine Emperor.
11January 1Event1259 – Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
12January 1Event1438 – Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
13January 1Event1502 – The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is first explored by the Portuguese.
14January 1Event1515 – King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
15January 1Event1527 – Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as King of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
16January 1Event1600 – Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25.
17January 1Event1651 – Charles II is crowned King of Scotland.
18January 1Event1700 – Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
19January 1Event1707 – John V is crowned King of Portugal.
20January 1Event1739 – Bouvet Island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.
21January 1Event1772 – The first traveler's cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London, England.
22January 1Event1773 – The hymn that became known as "Amazing Grace", then titled "1 Chronicles 17:16–17" is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, England.
23January 1Event1776 – American Revolutionary War: Norfolk, Virginia is burned by combined Royal Navy and Continental Army action.
24January 1Event1781 – American Revolutionary War: One thousand five hundred soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781
25January 1Event1788 – First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.
26January 1Event1800 – The Dutch East India Company is dissolved.
27January 1Event1801 – The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
28January 1Event1801 – The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
29January 1Event1803 – Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
30January 1Event1804 – French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and second independent country in North America after the United States

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