Today in History, English
Today in History, English

30991March 20Event1883 – The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property is signed.
30992March 20Event1888 – The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta is staged in Moscow, Russia.
30993March 20Event1913 – Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party, is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days later.
30994March 20Event1916 – Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
30995March 20Event1922 – The USS Langley is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
30996March 20Event1923 – The Arts Club of Chicago hosts the opening of Pablo Picasso's first United States showing, entitled Original Drawings by Pablo Picasso, becoming an early proponent of modern art in the United States.
30997March 20Event1933 – Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida's electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against President-Elect Franklin D. Roosevelt.
30998March 20Event1933 – Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the creation of Dachau concentration camp as Chief of Police of Munich and appointed Theodor Eicke as the camp commandant.
30999March 20Event1942 – World War II: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: "I came out of Bataan and I shall return".
31000March 20Event1948 – With a Musicians Union ban lifted, the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are given on CBS and NBC.
31001March 20Event1951 – Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū is founded.
31002March 20Event1952 – The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan.
31003March 20Event1956 – Tunisia gains independence from France.
31004March 20Event1964 – The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organisation) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962.
31005March 20Event1972 – The Troubles: The first Provisional IRA car bombing in Belfast kills seven people and injures 148 others in Northern Ireland.
31006March 20Event1974 – An unsuccessful attempt is made by a lone perpetrator to kidnap Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace, London.
31007March 20Event1980 – The Radio Caroline ship, Mi Amigo founders in a gale off the English coast.
31008March 20Event1985 – Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the 1,135-mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
31009March 20Event1985 – Canadian paraplegic athlete and humanitarian Rick Hansen begins his circumnavigation of the globe in a wheelchair in the name of spinal cord injury medical research.
31010March 20Event1987 – The Food and Drug Administration approves the anti-AIDS drug, AZT.
31011March 20Event1988 – Eritrean War of Independence: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet.
31012March 20Event1990 – Ferdinand Marcos's widow, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement, and racketeering.
31013March 20Event1993 – The Troubles: A Provisional IRA bomb kills two children in Warrington, England. It leads to mass protests in both Britain and Ireland.
31014March 20Event1995 – A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 13 and wounds 1,300 people.
31015March 20Event1999 – Legoland California, the first Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California.
31016March 20Event2000 – Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after murdering Georgia sheriff's deputy Ricky Kinchen and critically wounding Deputy Aldranon English.
31017March 20Event2003 – Invasion of Iraq: In the early hours of the morning, the United States and three other countries (the UK, Australia and Poland) begin military operations in Iraq.
31018March 20Event2006 – Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The rebel movement sought to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Déby.
31019March 20Event2012 – At least 52 people are killed and more than 250 injured in a wave of terror attacks across ten cities in Iraq.
31020March 20Event2014 – Four suspected Taliban members attack the luxurious Kabul Serena Hotel, killing at least nine people.

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