Today in History, English
Today in History, English

31411March 20Holiday and observanceWorld Sparrow Day (Nature Forever Society)
31412March 21Event537 – Siege of Rome: King Vitiges attempts to assault the northern and eastern city walls, but is repulsed at the Praenestine Gate, known as the Vivarium, by the defenders under the Byzantine generals Bessas and Peranius.
31413March 21Event630 – Emperor Heraclius returns the True Cross, one of the holiest Christian relics, to Jerusalem.
31414March 21Event717 – Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.
31415March 21Event1152 – Annulment of the marriage of King Louis VII of France and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine.
31416March 21Event1188 – Emperor Antoku accedes to the throne of Japan.
31417March 21Event1413 – Henry V becomes King of England.
31418March 21Event1556 – In Oxford, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake.
31419March 21Event1788 – A fire in New Orleans leaves most of the town in ruins.
31420March 21Event1800 – With the church leadership driven out of Rome during an armed conflict, Pius VII is crowned Pope in Venice with a temporary papal tiara made of papier-mâché.
31421March 21Event1801 – The Battle of Alexandria is fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.
31422March 21Event1804 – Code Napoléon is adopted as French civil law.
31423March 21Event1814 – Napoleonic Wars: Austrian forces repel French troops in the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube.
31424March 21Event1821 – Greek War of Independence: First revolutionary act in the monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta.
31425March 21Event1844 – The Bahá'í calendar begins. This is the first day of the first year of the Bahá'í calendar. It is annually celebrated by members of the Bahá'í Faith as the Bahá'í New Year or Náw-Rúz.
31426March 21Event1857 – An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000.
31427March 21Event1861 – Alexander Stephens gives the Cornerstone Speech.
31428March 21Event1871 – Otto von Bismarck is appointed Chancellor of the German Empire.
31429March 21Event1871 – Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his trek to find the missionary and explorer David Livingstone.
31430March 21Event1913 – Over 360 are killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood in Dayton, Ohio.
31431March 21Event1918 – World War I: The first phase of the German Spring Offensive, Operation Michael, begins.
31432March 21Event1919 – The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established becoming the first Communist government to be formed in Europe after the October Revolution in Russia.
31433March 21Event1921 – The New Economic Policy is implemented by the Bolshevik Party in response to the economic failure as a result of war communism.
31434March 21Event1925 – The Butler Act prohibits the teaching of human evolution in Tennessee.
31435March 21Event1925 – Syngman Rhee is removed from office after being impeached as the President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
31436March 21Event1928 – Charles Lindbergh is presented with the Medal of Honor for the first solo trans-Atlantic flight.
31437March 21Event1933 – Construction of Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed.
31438March 21Event1935 – Shah of Iran Reza Shah Pahlavi formally asks the international community to call Persia by its native name, Iran, meaning "Land of the Aryans".
31439March 21Event1937 – Ponce massacre: Nineteen people in Ponce, Puerto Rico, are gunned down by a police squad acting under orders of US-appointed Governor, Blanton C. Winship.
31440March 21Event1943 – Wehrmacht officer Rudolf von Gersdorff plots to assassinate Adolf Hitler by using a suicide bomb, but the plan falls through. Von Gersdorff is able to defuse the bomb in time and avoid suspicion.

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