Today in History, English
Today in History, English

32281March 23Event1857 – Elisha Otis's first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
32282March 23Event1862 – The First Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, marks the start of Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Though a Confederate defeat, the engagement distracts Federal efforts to capture Richmond.
32283March 23Event1868 – The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
32284March 23Event1879 – War of the Pacific: The Battle of Topáter, the first battle of the war is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru.
32285March 23Event1885 – Sino-French War: Chinese victory in the Battle of Phu Lam Tao near Hưng Hóa, northern Vietnam.
32286March 23Event1888 – In England, The Football League, the world's oldest professional association football league, meets for the first time.
32287March 23Event1889 – The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, India.
32288March 23Event1901 – Emilio Aguinaldo, only President of the First Philippine Republic, was captured at Palanan, Isabela by forces of General Frederick Funston.
32289March 23Event1905 – Eleftherios Venizelos calls for Crete's union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt.
32290March 23Event1908 – American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.
32291March 23Event1909 – Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
32292March 23Event1918 – First World War: On the third day of the German Spring Offensive, the 10th Battalion of the Royal West Kent Regiment is annihilated with many of the men becoming prisoners of war
32293March 23Event1919 – In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
32294March 23Event1931 – Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar are hanged for the killing of a deputy superintendent of police during the Indian struggle for independence.
32295March 23Event1933 – The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
32296March 23Event1935 – Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
32297March 23Event1939 – The Hungarian air force attacks the headquarters of Slovak air force in the city of Spišská Nová Ves, kills 13 people and began the Slovak–Hungarian War.
32298March 23Event1940 – The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All-India Muslim League.
32299March 23Event1942 – World War II: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands.
32300March 23Event1956 – Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day in Pakistan)
32301March 23Event1965 – NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
32302March 23Event1965 – The first issue of The Vigilant is published from Khartoum.
32303March 23Event1977 – The first of The Nixon Interviews (12 will be recorded over four weeks) are videotaped with British journalist David Frost interviewing former United States President Richard Nixon about the Watergate scandal and the Nixon tapes.
32304March 23Event1978 – The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon for peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line.
32305March 23Event1980 – Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
32306March 23Event1982 – Guatemala's government, headed by Fernando Romeo Lucas García is overthrown in a military coup by right-wing General Efraín Ríos Montt.
32307March 23Event1983 – Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
32308March 23Event1991 – The Revolutionary United Front, with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor's National Patriotic Front of Liberia, invades Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow Joseph Saidu Momoh, sparking a gruesome 11-year Sierra Leone Civil War.
32309March 23Event1994 – At an election rally in Tijuana, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.
32310March 23Event1994 – Aeroflot Flight 593 crashes in Siberia when the pilot's fifteen-year-old son accidentally disengages the autopilot, killing all 75 people on board.

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