Today in History, English
Today in History, English

38119April 3Event1969 – Vietnam War: United States Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to "Vietnamize" the war effort.
38120April 3Event1973 – Martin Cooper of Motorola makes the first handheld mobile phone call to Joel S. Engel of Bell Labs, though it took ten years for the DynaTAC 8000X to become the first such phone to be commercially released.
38121April 3Event1974 – The 1974 Super Outbreak occurs, the second biggest tornado outbreak in recorded history (after the 2011 Super Outbreak). The death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured.
38122April 3Event1975 – Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title of World Champion by default.
38123April 3Event1981 – The Osborne 1, the first successful portable computer, is unveiled at the West Coast Computer Faire in San Francisco.
38124April 3Event1996 – Suspected "Unabomber" Theodore Kaczynski is captured at his cabin in Montana, United States.
38125April 3Event1996 – A United States Air Force airplane carrying United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown crashes in Croatia, killing all 35 on board.
38126April 3Event1997 – The Thalit massacre begins in Algeria all but one of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
38127April 3Event2000 – United States v. Microsoft Corp.: Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust law by keeping "an oppressive thumb" on its competitors.
38128April 3Event2004 – Islamic terrorists involved in the 2004 Madrid train bombings are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
38129April 3Event2007 – Conventional-Train World Speed Record: A French TGV train on the LGV Est high speed line sets an official new world speed record.
38130April 3Event2008 – ATA Airlines, once one of the ten largest U.S. passenger airlines and largest charter airline, files for bankruptcy for the second time in five years and ceases all operations.
38101April 3Event1860 – The first successful United States Pony Express run from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, begins.
38102April 3Event1865 – American Civil War: Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States of America.
38103April 3Event1882 – American Old West: Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford.
38104April 3Event1885 – Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.
38105April 3Event1888 – The first of eleven unsolved brutal murders of women committed in or near the impoverished Whitechapel district in the East End of London, occurs.
38106April 3Event1895 – The trial in the libel case brought by Oscar Wilde begins, eventually resulting in his imprisonment on charges of homosexuality.
38107April 3Event1922 – Joseph Stalin becomes the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
38108April 3Event1929 – RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
38109April 3Event1933 – First flight over Mount Everest, a British expedition, led by the Marquis of Clydesdale, and funded by Lucy, Lady Houston.
38110April 3Event1936 – Bruno Richard Hauptmann is executed for the kidnapping and death of Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Jr., the baby son of pilot Charles Lindbergh.
38111April 3Event1942 – World War II: Japanese forces begin an assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula.
38112April 3Event1946 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed in the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.
38113April 3Event1948 – United States President Harry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, authorizing $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
38114April 3Event1948 – In Jeju Province, South Korea, a civil-war-like period of violence and human rights abuses begins, known as the Jeju massacre.
38115April 3Event1955 – The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.
38116April 3Event1956 – Hudsonville–Standale tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado.
38117April 3Event1961 – The Leadbeater's possum is rediscovered in Australia after 72 years.
38118April 3Event1968 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech.

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