Today in History, English
Today in History, English

40351April 8Event1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Mansfield: Union forces are thwarted by the Confederate army at Mansfield, Louisiana.
40352April 8Event1866 – Italy and Prussia ally against the Austrian Empire.
40353April 8Event1886 – William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.
40354April 8Event1895 – In Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. the Supreme Court of the United States declares unapportioned income tax to be unconstitutional.
40355April 8Event1904 – The French Third Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland sign the Entente cordiale.
40356April 8Event1904 – British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of The Book of the Law.
40357April 8Event1904 – Longacre Square in Midtown Manhattan is renamed Times Square after The New York Times.
40358April 8Event1906 – Auguste Deter, the first person to be diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, dies.
40359April 8Event1908 – Harvard University votes to establish the Harvard Business School.
40360April 8Event1911 – Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovers superconductivity.
40361April 8Event1913 – The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring direct election of Senators, becomes law.
40362April 8Event1916 – In Corona, California, race car driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three (including himself), and badly injuring five spectators.
40363April 8Event1918 – World War I: Actors Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin sell war bonds on the streets of New York City's financial district.
40364April 8Event1924 – Sharia courts are abolished in Turkey, as part of Atatürk's Reforms.
40365April 8Event1929 – Indian independence movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest.
40366April 8Event1935 – The Works Progress Administration is formed when the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 becomes law.
40367April 8Event1942 – World War II: Siege of Leningrad: Soviet forces open a much-needed railway link to Leningrad.
40368April 8Event1942 – World War II: The Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines.
40369April 8Event1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases by common carriers and public utilities.
40370April 8Event1945 – World War II: After an air raid accidentally destroys a train carrying about 4,000 Nazi concentration camp internees in Prussian Hanover, the survivors are massacred by Nazis.
40371April 8Event1946 – Électricité de France, the world's largest utility company, is formed as a result of the nationalisation of a number of electricity producers, transporters and distributors.
40372April 8Event1950 – India and Pakistan sign the Liaquat–Nehru Pact.
40373April 8Event1952 – U.S. President Harry Truman calls for the seizure of all domestic steel mills to prevent a nationwide strike.
40374April 8Event1953 – Mau Mau leader Jomo Kenyatta is convicted by Kenya's British rulers.
40375April 8Event1954 – A Royal Canadian Air Force Canadair Harvard collides with a Trans-Canada Airlines Canadair North Star over Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, killing 37 people.
40376April 8Event1954 – South African Airways Flight 201 A de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1 crashes into the sea during night killing 21 people.
40377April 8Event1959 – A team of computer manufacturers, users, and university people led by Grace Hopper meets to discuss the creation of a new programming language that would be called COBOL.
40378April 8Event1959 – The Organization of American States drafts an agreement to create the Inter-American Development Bank.
40379April 8Event1960 – The Netherlands and West Germany sign an agreement to negotiate the return of German land annexed by the Dutch in return for 280 million German marks as Wiedergutmachung.
40380April 8Event1961 – A large explosion on board the MV Dara in the Persian Gulf kills 238.

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