Today in History, English
Today in History, English

40711April 8Death2015 – David Laventhol, American journalist and publisher (b. 1933)
40712April 8Death2015 – Jean-Claude Turcotte, Canadian cardinal (b. 1936)
40713April 8Holiday and observanceBirkat Hachama (observed once every 28 years), last in 2009 and next in 2037 (Hebrew)
40714April 8Holiday and observanceBuddha's Birthday, also known as Hana Matsuri, "Flower Festival" (Japan)
40715April 8Holiday and observanceChristian feast day:Anne Ayres (Episcopal Church (USA))ConstantinaJulie Billiart of NamurPerpetuusWalter of PontoiseWilliam Augustus Muhlenberg (Episcopal Church (USA))April 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
40716April 8Holiday and observanceEarliest day on which Fast and Prayer Day can fall, while April 14 is the latest celebrated on the second Friday in April (Liberia)
40717April 8Holiday and observanceFeast of the First Day of the Writing of the Book of the Law (Thelema)
40718April 8Holiday and observanceInternational Day of the Roma
40719April 9Event193 – Lucius Septimius Severus is proclaimed Emperor by his troops in Illyricum (Balkans). He marches with his army (16 legions) to Rome.
40720April 9Event475 – Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.
40721April 9Event537 – Siege of Rome: The Byzantine general Belisarius receives his promised reinforcements, 1,600 cavalry, mostly of Hunnic or Slavic origin and expert bowmen. He starts, despite shortages, raids against the Gothic camps and Vitiges is forced into a stale
40722April 9Event1241 – Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeat the Polish and German armies.
40723April 9Event1288 – Mongol invasions of Vietnam: Yuan forces are defeated by Trần forces in the Battle of Bach Dang in present-day northern Vietnam.
40724April 9Event1388 – Despite being outnumbered 16 to 1, forces of the Old Swiss Confederacy are victorious over the Archduchy of Austria in the Battle of Näfels.
40725April 9Event1413 – Henry V is crowned King of England.
40726April 9Event1440 – Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.
40727April 9Event1454 – The Treaty of Lodi is signed, establishing a balance of power among northern Italian city-states for almost 50 years.
40728April 9Event1511 – St John's College, Cambridge, England, founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, receives its charter.
40729April 9Event1585 – The expedition organised by Sir Walter Raleigh departs England for Roanoke Island (now in North Carolina) to establish the Roanoke Colony.
40730April 9Event1609 – Eighty Years' War: Spain and the Dutch Republic sign the Treaty of Antwerp to initiate twelve years of truce.
40731April 9Event1682 – Robert Cavelier de La Salle discovers the mouth of the Mississippi River, claims it for France and names it Louisiana.
40732April 9Event1782 – American War of Independence: Battle of the Saintes begins.
40733April 9Event1860 – On his phonautograph machine, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville makes the oldest known recording of an audible human voice.
40734April 9Event1865 – American Civil War: Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, effectively ending the war.
40735April 9Event1867 – Alaska Purchase: Passing by a single vote, the United States Senate ratifies a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska.
40736April 9Event1909 – The U.S. Congress passes the Payne–Aldrich Tariff Act.
40737April 9Event1914 – Mexican Revolution: One of the world's first naval/air skirmishes takes place off the coast of western Mexico.
40738April 9Event1916 – World War I: The Battle of Verdun: German forces launch their third offensive of the battle.
40739April 9Event1917 – World War I: The Battle of Arras: The battle begins with Canadian Corps executing a massive assault on Vimy Ridge.
40740April 9Event1918 – World War I: The Battle of the Lys: The Portuguese Expeditionary Corps is crushed by the German forces during what is called the Spring Offensive on the Belgian region of Flanders.

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