Today in History, English
Today in History, English

41173April 10Event1866 – The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
41174April 10Event1868 – At Arogee in Abyssinia, British and Indian forces defeat an army of Emperor Tewodros II. While 700 Ethiopians are killed and many more injured, only two British/Indian troops die.
41175April 10Event1872 – The first Arbor Day is celebrated in Nebraska.
41176April 10Event1887 – On Easter Sunday, Pope Leo XIII authorizes the establishment of The Catholic University of America.
41177April 10Event1904 – British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the third and final chapter of The Book of the Law.
41178April 10Event1912 – RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton, England on her maiden and only voyage.
41179April 10Event1916 – The Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.
41180April 10Event1919 – Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
41181April 10Event1925 – The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is first published in New York City, by Charles Scribner's Sons.
41182April 10Event1941 – World War II: The Axis powers in Europe establish the Independent State of Croatia from occupied Yugoslavia with Ante Pavelić's Ustaše fascist insurgents in power.
41183April 10Event1944 – Rudolf Vrba and Alfréd Wetzler escape from the Birkenau death camp.
41184April 10Event1953 – Warner Bros. premieres the first 3-D film from a major American studio, entitled House of Wax.
41185April 10Event1957 – The Suez Canal is reopened for all shipping after being closed for three months.
41186April 10Event1959 – Akihito, future Emperor of Japan, marries Michiko.
41187April 10Event1963 – One hundred twenty-nine American sailors die when the submarine USS Thresher sinks at sea.
41188April 10Event1968 – New Zealand inter-island ferry TEV Wahine founders and sinks at the mouth of Wellington Harbour.
41189April 10Event1970 – Paul McCartney announces that he is leaving The Beatles for personal and professional reasons.
41190April 10Event1971 – Ping-pong diplomacy: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the People's Republic of China hosts the U.S. table tennis team for a week-long visit.
41161April 10Event1606 – The Virginia Company of London is established by royal charter by James I of England with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America.
41162April 10Event1710 – The Statute of Anne, the first law regulating copyright, comes into force in Great Britain.
41163April 10Event1741 – War of the Austrian Succession (10 April 1755 – 2 July 1843): defeat for Austria at Mollwitz on this date.
41164April 10Event1809 – Napoleonic Wars: The War of the Fifth Coalition begins when forces of the Austrian Empire invade Bavaria.
41165April 10Event1815 – The Mount Tambora volcano begins a three-month-long eruption, lasting until July 15. The eruption ultimately kills 71,000 people and affects Earth's climate for the next two years.
41166April 10Event1816 – The Federal government of the United States approves the creation of the Second Bank of the United States.
41167April 10Event1821 – Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Ottoman government from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
41168April 10Event1826 – The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town of Missolonghi begin leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
41169April 10Event1856 – The Theta Chi fraternity is founded at Norwich University in Vermont.
41170April 10Event1858 – After the original Big Ben, a 14.5 tonnes (32,000 lb) bell for the Palace of Westminster had cracked during testing, it is recast into the current 13.76 tonnes (30,300 lb) bell by Whitechapel Bell Foundry.
41171April 10Event1864 – Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg is proclaimed emperor of Mexico during the French intervention in Mexico.
41172April 10Event1865 – American Civil War: A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.

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