Today in History, English
Today in History, English

45061April 19Event1770 – Captain James Cook, still holding the rank of lieutenant, sights the eastern coast of what is now Australia.
45062April 19Event1770 – Marie Antoinette marries Louis XVI of France in a proxy wedding.
45063April 19Event1775 – American Revolutionary War: The war begins with an American victory in Concord during the battles of Lexington and Concord.
45064April 19Event1782 – John Adams secures the Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government. The house which he had purchased in The Hague, Netherlands becomes the first American embassy.
45065April 19Event1809 – An Austrian corps is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition. On the same day the Austrian main army is defeated by a First French Empire Corps led by Louis-Nicolas Davout
45066April 19Event1810 – Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparán, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a junta is installed.
45067April 19Event1839 – The Treaty of London establishes Belgium as a kingdom and guaranteeing its neutrality.
45068April 19Event1855 – Visit of Napoleon III to Guildhall, London
45069April 19Event1861 – American Civil War: Baltimore riot of 1861: A pro-Secession mob in Baltimore, attacks United States Army troops marching through the city.
45070April 19Event1865 – Funeral service for Abraham Lincoln is held in the East Room of the White House.
45071April 19Event1892 – Charles Duryea claims to have driven the first automobile in the United States, in Springfield, Massachusetts.
45072April 19Event1897 – Léo Taxil exposes his own fabrications concerning Freemasonry
45073April 19Event1903 – The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Palestine and the Western world.
45074April 19Event1919 – Leslie Irvin of the United States makes the first successful voluntary free-fall parachute jump using a new kind of self-contained parachute.
45075April 19Event1927 – Mae West is sentenced to ten days in jail for obscenity for her play Sex.
45076April 19Event1928 – The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
45077April 19Event1942 – World War II: In Poland, the Majdan-Tatarski ghetto is established, situated between the Lublin Ghetto and a Majdanek subcamp.
45078April 19Event1943 – Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
45079April 19Event1943 – World War II: In Poland, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins, after German troops enter the Warsaw Ghetto to round up the remaining Jews.
45080April 19Event1948 – Burma joins the United Nations.
45081April 19Event1950 – Argentina becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
45082April 19Event1951 – General Douglas MacArthur retires from the military.
45083April 19Event1954 – The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan recognises Urdu and Bengali as the national languages of Pakistan.
45084April 19Event1956 – Actress Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier of Monaco.
45085April 19Event1960 – Students in South Korea hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against president Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign.
45086April 19Event1971 – Sierra Leone becomes a republic, and Siaka Stevens the president.
45087April 19Event1971 – Vietnam War: Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin "Operation Dewey Canyon III", a five-day demonstration in Washington, D.C.
45088April 19Event1971 – Launch of Salyut 1, the first space station.
45089April 19Event1971 – Charles Manson is sentenced to death (later commuted life imprisonment) for conspiracy to commit the Tate–LaBianca murders.
45090April 19Event1973 – The Portuguese Socialist Party is founded in the German town of Bad Münstereifel.

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