Today in History, English
Today in History, English

48721April 28Event1253 – Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Namu Myōhō Renge Kyō for the very first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
48722April 28Event1503 – The Battle of Cerignola is fought. It is noted as the first battle in history won by small arms fire using gunpowder.
48723April 28Event1611 – Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the largest Catholic university in the world.
48724April 28Event1788 – Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.
48725April 28Event1789 – Mutiny on the Bounty: Lieutenant William Bligh and 18 sailors are set adrift and the rebel crew returns to Tahiti briefly and then sets sail for Pitcairn Island.
48726April 28Event1792 – France invades the Austrian Netherlands (present day Belgium), beginning the French Revolutionary War.
48727April 28Event1796 – The Armistice of Cherasco is signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, the King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.
48728April 28Event1869 – Chinese and Irish laborers for the Central Pacific Railroad working on the First Transcontinental Railroad lay ten miles of track in one day, a feat which has never been matched.
48729April 28Event1881 – Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
48730April 28Event1887 – A week after being arrested by the Prussian Secret Police, Alsatian police inspector Guillaume Schnaebelé is released on order of William I, German Emperor, defusing a possible war.
48731April 28Event1910 – Frenchman Louis Paulhan wins the 1910 London to Manchester air race, the first long-distance aeroplane race in England.
48732April 28Event1920 – Azerbaijan is added to the Soviet Union.
48733April 28Event1930 – The first night game in the history of Organized Baseball took place in Independence, Kansas under permanent lights.[1]
48734April 28Event1932 – A vaccine for yellow fever is announced for use on humans.
48735April 28Event1944 – World War II: Nine German E-boats attacked US and UK units during Exercise Tiger, the rehearsal for the Normandy landings, killing 946.
48736April 28Event1945 – Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are executed by a firing squad consisting of members of the Italian resistance movement.
48737April 28Event1947 – Thor Heyerdahl and five crew mates set out from Peru on the Kon-Tiki to prove that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia.
48738April 28Event1948 – Igor Stravinsky conducted the premier of his American ballet, Orpheus, in New York City at New York City Center.
48739April 28Event1949 – The Hukbalahap are accused of assassinating former First Lady of the Philippines Aurora Quezon, while she is en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband her daughter and ten others are also killed.
48740April 28Event1950 – Bhumibol Adulyadej marries Queen Sirikit after their quiet engagement in Lausanne, Switzerland on July 19, 1949.
48741April 28Event1952 – Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Allied Commander of NATO.
48742April 28Event1952 – Occupied Japan: The United States occupation of Japan ends as the Treaty of San Francisco, ratified September 8, 1951, comes into force.
48743April 28Event1952 – The Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty (Treaty of Taipei) is signed in Taipei, Taiwan between Japan and the Republic of China to officially end the Second Sino-Japanese War.
48744April 28Event1965 – United States occupation of the Dominican Republic: American troops land in the Dominican Republic to "forestall establishment of a Communist dictatorship" and to evacuate U.S. Army troops.
48745April 28Event1969 – Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France.
48746April 28Event1970 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
48747April 28Event1975 – General Cao Văn Viên, chief of the South Vietnamese military, departs for the US as the North Vietnamese Army closed in on victory.
48748April 28Event1977 – The Red Army Faction trial ends, with Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe found guilty of four counts of murder and more than 30 counts of attempted murder.
48749April 28Event1977 – The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
48750April 28Event1978 – President of Afghanistan, Mohammed Daoud Khan, is overthrown and assassinated in a coup led by pro-communist rebels.

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