Today in History, English
Today in History, English

75331July 2Event1776 – The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with the Kingdom of Great Britain although the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence is not approved until July 4.
75332July 2Event1777 – Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.
75333July 2Event1816 – The French frigate Méduse struck the Bank of Arguin and 151 people on board had to be evacuated on an improvised raft, a case immortalised by Géricault's painting The Raft of the Medusa.
75334July 2Event1822 – Thirty-five slaves are hanged in South Carolina, including Denmark Vesey, after being accused of organizing a slave rebellion.
75335July 2Event1823 – Bahia Independence Day: The end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
75336July 2Event1839 – Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinqué take over the slave ship Amistad.
75337July 2Event1839 – Abdülmecid I became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.
75338July 2Event1853 – The Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia—providing the spark that set off the Crimean War.
75339July 2Event1871 – Victor Emmanuel II of Italy enters Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States.
75340July 2Event1881 – Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from an infection on September 19.
75341July 2Event1890 – The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Antitrust Act.
75342July 2Event1897 – Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtains a patent for radio in London.
75343July 2Event1900 – The first Zeppelin flight takes place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
75344July 2Event1900 – Jean Sibelius' Finlandia receives its première performance in Helsinki with the Helsinki Philharmonic Society conducted by Robert Kajanus.
75345July 2Event1917 – The East St. Louis riots end.
75346July 2Event1921 – World War I: U.S. President Warren G. Harding signs the Knox–Porter Resolution formally ending the war between the United States and Imperial Germany.
75347July 2Event1934 – The Night of the Long Knives ends with the death of Ernst Röhm.
75348July 2Event1937 – Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan are last heard from over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.
75349July 2Event1940 – Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.
75350July 2Event1950 – The Golden Pavilion at Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan burns down.
75351July 2Event1962 – The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas.
75352July 2Event1964 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 meant to prohibit segregation in public places.
75353July 2Event1966 – The French military explodes a nuclear test bomb codenamed Aldébaran in Moruroa, their first nuclear test in the Pacific.
75354July 2Event1976 – Fall of the Republic of Vietnam Communist North Vietnam declares their union to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
75355July 2Event1986 – Rodrigo Rojas and Carmen Gloria Quintana are burnt alive during a street demonstration against the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet in Chile.
75356July 2Event2000 – Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional, after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.
75357July 2Event2001 – The AbioCor self-contained artificial heart is first implanted.
75358July 2Event2002 – Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
75359July 2Event2005 – The Live 8 benefit concerts takes place in the G8 states and in South Africa. More than 1,000 musicians perform and are broadcast on 182 television networks and 2,000 radio networks.
75360July 2Event2010 – The South Kivu tank truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo kills at least 230 people.

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