Today in History, English
Today in History, English

75691July 3Event1778 – American Revolutionary War: British forces kill 360 people in the Wyoming Valley massacre.
75692July 3Event1819 – The Bank of Savings in New York City, the first savings bank in the United States, opens.
75693July 3Event1839 – The first state normal school in the United States, the forerunner to today's Framingham State College, opens in Lexington, Massachusetts with three students.
75694July 3Event1844 – The last pair of great auks is killed.
75695July 3Event1848 – Slaves are freed in the Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands) by Peter von Scholten in the culmination of a year-long plot by enslaved Africans.
75696July 3Event1849 – The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
75697July 3Event1852 – Congress establishes the United States' 2nd mint in San Francisco.
75698July 3Event1863 – American Civil War: The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg culminates with Pickett's Charge.
75699July 3Event1866 – Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgrätz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.
75700July 3Event1884 – Dow Jones & Company publishes its first stock average.
75701July 3Event1886 – Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen: The first purpose-built automobile.
75702July 3Event1886 – The New-York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.
75703July 3Event1890 – Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
75704July 3Event1898 – Spanish–American War: The Spanish fleet, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, is destroyed by the U.S. Navy in Santiago, Cuba.
75705July 3Event1913 – Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
75706July 3Event1938 – World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 125.88 miles per hour (202.58 km/h).
75707July 3Event1938 – United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.
75708July 3Event1940 – World War II: In order to stop the ships from falling into German hands the French fleet of the Atlantic based at Mers El Kébir, is bombarded by the British fleet, coming from Gibraltar, causing the loss of three battleships: Dunkerque, Provence an
75709July 3Event1944 – World War II: Minsk is liberated from Nazi control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration.
75710July 3Event1952 – The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the United States Congress.
75711July 3Event1952 – The SS United States sets sail on her maiden voyage to Southampton. During the voyage, the ship takes the Blue Riband away from the RMS Queen Mary.
75712July 3Event1967 – The Aden Emergency: The Battle of the Crater in which the British Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders retake the Crater district following the Arab Police Mutiny.
75713July 3Event1969 – Space Race: The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the Soviet N-1 rocket explodes and subsequently destroys its launchpad.
75714July 3Event1970 – The Troubles: The "Falls Curfew" begins in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
75715July 3Event1979 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
75716July 3Event1988 – United States Navy warship USS Vincennes shoots down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.
75717July 3Event1988 – The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus.
75718July 3Event1995 – Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party wins the general elections and is restored to power after being in opposition for 15 years.
75719July 3Event1996 – Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland.
75720July 3Event2013 – Egyptian coup d'état: President of Egypt Mohamed Morsi is overthrown by the military after four days of protests all over the country calling for Morsi's resignation, to which he didn't respond. President of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egyp

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