Today in History, English
Today in History, English

76081July 4Event1946 – After 381 years of near-continuous colonial rule by various powers, the Philippines attains full independence from the United States.
76082July 4Event1947 – The "Indian Independence Bill" is presented before the British House of Commons, proposing the independence of the Provinces of British India into two sovereign countries: India and Pakistan.
76083July 4Event1950 – Radio Free Europe first broadcasts.
76084July 4Event1951 – A court in Czechoslovakia sentences American journalist William N. Oatis to ten years in prison on charges of espionage.
76085July 4Event1951 – William Shockley announces the invention of the junction transistor.
76086July 4Event1960 – Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, almost ten and a half months later (see Flag Act).
76087July 4Event1966 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act went into effect the next year.
76088July 4Event1976 – Israeli commandos raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all but four of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists.
76089July 4Event1977 – The George Jackson Brigade plants a bomb at the main power substation for the Washington state capitol in Olympia, in solidarity with a prison strike at the Walla Walla State Penitentiary Intensive Security Unit
76090July 4Event1982 – Four Iranian diplomats are abducted by Lebanese militia in Lebanon.
76091July 4Event1987 – In France, former Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie (a.k.a. the "Butcher of Lyon") is convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment.
76092July 4Event1994 – Rwandan Genocide: Kigali, the Rwandan capital, is captured by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, ending the genocide in the city.
76093July 4Event1997 – NASA's Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.
76094July 4Event1998 – Japan launches the Nozomi probe to Mars, joining the United States and Russia as a space exploring nation.
76095July 4Event2004 – The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the World Trade Center site in New York City.
76096July 4Event2005 – The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.
76097July 4Event2009 – The Statue of Liberty's crown reopens to the public after eight years of closure due to security concerns following the September 11 attacks.
76098July 4Event2009 – The first of four days of bombings begins on the southern Philippine island group of Mindanao.
76099July 4Event2012 – The discovery of particles consistent with the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider is announced at CERN.
76100July 4Event2015 – Tupou VI is officially crowned as the King of Tonga.
76101July 4Birth68 – Salonina Matidia, Roman daughter of Ulpia Marciana (d. 119)
76102July 4Birth1330 – Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (d. 1367)
76103July 4Birth1546 – Murad III, Ottoman sultan (d. 1595)
76104July 4Birth1694 – Louis-Claude Daquin, French organist and composer (d. 1772)
76105July 4Birth1715 – Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and academic (d. 1769)
76106July 4Birth1719 – Michel-Jean Sedaine, French playwright (d. 1797)
76107July 4Birth1790 – George Everest, Welsh geographer and surveyor (d. 1866)
76108July 4Birth1799 – Oscar I of Sweden (d. 1859)
76109July 4Birth1804 – Nathaniel Hawthorne, American author and diplomat (d. 1864)
76110July 4Birth1807 – Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general and politician (d. 1882)

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