Today in History, English
Today in History, English

77583July 8Event1760 – French and Indian War: Battle of Restigouche: British forces defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.
77584July 8Event1775 – The Olive Branch Petition is signed by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies of North America.
77585July 8Event1776 – Liberty Bell is rung with reading of Declaration of Independence of the United States.
77586July 8Event1808 – Joseph Bonaparte approves the Bayonne Statute, a royal charter intended as the basis for his rule as king of Spain.
77587July 8Event1822 – Chippewas turn over a huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
77588July 8Event1853 – U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry arrives in Edo bay with a treaty requesting trade.
77589July 8Event1859 – King Charles XV & IV accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway.
77590July 8Event1864 – Ikedaya Incident: The Choshu Han shishi's planned Shinsengumi sabotage on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya.
77591July 8Event1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.
77592July 8Event1876 – White supremacists kill five Black Republicans in Hamburg, South Carolina.
77593July 8Event1879 – Sailing ship USS Jeannette departs San Francisco carrying an ill-fated expedition to the North Pole.
77594July 8Event1889 – The first issue of The Wall Street Journal is published.
77595July 8Event1892 – St. John's, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
77596July 8Event1898 – The death of crime boss Soapy Smith, killed in the Shootout on Juneau Wharf, releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
77597July 8Event1912 – Henrique Mitchell de Paiva Couceiro leads an unsuccessful royalist attack against the First Portuguese Republic in Chaves.
77598July 8Event1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, closing at 41.22.
77599July 8Event1933 – The first rugby union test match between the Wallabies of Australia and the Springboks of South Africa is played at Newlands Stadium in Cape Town.
77600July 8Event1937 – Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan sign the Treaty of Saadabad.
77601July 8Event1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico in what became known as the Roswell UFO incident.
77602July 8Event1948 – The United States Air Force accepts its first female recruits into a program called Women in the Air Force (WAF).
77603July 8Event1960 – Francis Gary Powers is charged with espionage resulting from his flight over the Soviet Union.
77604July 8Event1962 – Ne Win besieges and dynamites the Rangoon University Student Union building to crush the Student Movement.
77605July 8Event1966 – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
77606July 8Event1968 – The Chrysler wildcat strike begins in Detroit, Michigan.
77607July 8Event1970 – Richard Nixon delivers a special congressional message enunciating Native American self-determination as official US Indian policy, leading to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975.
77608July 8Event1982 – Assassination attempt against Iraqi president Saddam Hussein in Dujail.
77609July 8Event1988 – The Island Express train travelling from Bangalore to Kanyakumari derails on the Peruman bridge and falls into Ashtamudi Lake, killing 105 passengers and injuring over 200 more.
77610July 8Event1994 – Kim Jong-il begins to assume supreme leadership of North Korea upon the death of his father, Kim Il-sung.
77581July 8Event1730 – An estimated magnitude 8.7 earthquake causes a tsunami that damages more than 1,000 km (620 mi) of Chile's coastline.
77582July 8Event1758 – French forces hold Fort Carillon against the British at Ticonderoga, New York.

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