Today in History, English
Today in History, English

80636July 16Event1849 – Antonio María Claret y Clará founded the Congregation of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, popularly known as the Claretians in Vic, in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
80637July 16Event1861 – American Civil War: At the order of President Abraham Lincoln, Union troops begin a 25-mile march into Virginia for what will become the First Battle of Bull Run, the first major land battle of the war.
80638July 16Event1862 – American Civil War: David Farragut is promoted to rear admiral, becoming the first officer in United States Navy to hold an admiral rank.
80639July 16Event1909 – Persian Constitutional Revolution: Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar is forced out as Shah of Persia and is replaced by his son Ahmad Shah Qajar.
80640July 16Event1910 – John Robertson Duigan makes the first flight of the Duigan pusher biplane, the first aircraft built in Australia.
80611July 15Death2014 – Edward Perl, American neuroscientist and academic (b. 1926)
80612July 15Death2014 – Robert A. Roe, American soldier and politician (b. 1924)
80613July 15Death2015 – Masahiko Aoki, Japanese-American economist and academic (b. 1938)
80614July 15Death2015 – Wan Li, Chinese politician, 4th Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1916)
80615July 15Death2015 – Aubrey Morris, British actor (b. 1926)
80616July 15Death2015 – Sheila Ramani, Indian model and actress (b. 1932)
80617July 15Death2015 – Dave Somerville, Canadian singer and actor (The Diamonds) (b. 1933)
80618July 15Holiday and observanceChristian feast day:Abhai (Syriac Orthodox Church)BonaventureDispersion of the ApostlesDonald of OgilvyEdith of PolesworthEdith of WiltonPlechelmQuriaqos and JuliettaSaint RosaliaSwithunVladimir the Great (Eastern Orthodox Catholic Church)July 15 (Eastern
80619July 15Holiday and observanceEarliest day on which Birthday of Don Luis Muñoz Rivera can fall, while July 21 is the latest celebrated on the third Monday of July. (Puerto Rico)
80620July 15Holiday and observanceEarliest day on which Galla Bayramy can fall, while July 21 is the latest celebrated on the third Sunday of July. (Turkmenistan)
80621July 15Holiday and observanceEarliest day on which Marine Day can fall, while July 21 is the latest celebrated on the third Monday of July. (Japan)
80622July 15Holiday and observanceEarliest day on which President's Day (Botswana) can fall, while July 21 is the latest celebrated on the third Monday of July.
80623July 15Holiday and observanceElderly Men Day (Kiribati)
80624July 15Holiday and observanceSultan's Birthday (Brunei Darussalam)
80625July 16Event622 – The beginning of the Islamic calendar.
80626July 16Event1054 – Three Roman legates break relations between Western and Eastern Christian Churches through the act of placing an invalidly-issued Papal bull of Excommunication on the altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. Historians freque
80627July 16Event1212 – Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa: After Pope Innocent III calls European knights to a crusade, forces of Kings Alfonso VIII of Castile, Sancho VII of Navarre, Peter II of Aragon and Afonso II of Portugal defeat those of the Berber Muslim leader Almoha
80628July 16Event1377 – Coronation of Richard II of England.
80629July 16Event1661 – The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco.
80630July 16Event1683 – Manchu Qing dynasty naval forces under traitorous commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
80631July 16Event1769 – Father Junípero Serra founds California's first mission, Mission San Diego de Alcalá. Over the following decades, it evolves into the city of San Diego, California.
80632July 16Event1779 – American Revolutionary War: Light infantry of the Continental Army seize a fortified British Army position in a midnight bayonet attack at the Battle of Stony Point.
80633July 16Event1782 – First performance of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail.
80634July 16Event1790 – The District of Columbia is established as the capital of the United States after signature of the Residence Act.
80635July 16Event1809 – The city of La Paz, in what is today Bolivia, declares its independence from the Spanish Crown during the La Paz revolution and forms the Junta Tuitiva, the first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo.

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