Today in History, English
Today in History, English

80641July 16Event1915 – Henry James becomes a British citizen, to highlight his commitment to Britain during the first World War.
80642July 16Event1915 – First Order of the Arrow ceremony takes place and the Order of the Arrow is founded.
80643July 16Event1927 – Augusto César Sandino leads a raid on U.S. Marines and Nicaraguan Guardia Nacional that had been sent to apprehend him in the village of Ocotal, but is repulsed by one of the first dive-bombing attacks in history.
80644July 16Event1931 – Emperor Haile Selassie signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.
80645July 16Event1935 – The world's first parking meter is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
80646July 16Event1941 – Joe DiMaggio hits safely for the 56th consecutive game, a streak that still stands as a MLB record.
80647July 16Event1942 – Holocaust: Vel' d'Hiv Roundup (Rafle du Vel' d'Hiv): The government of Vichy France orders the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews who are held at the Winter Velodrome in Paris before deportation to Auschwitz.
80648July 16Event1945 – World War II: The heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis leaves San Francisco with parts for the atomic bomb "Little Boy" bound for Tinian Island.
80649July 16Event1945 – Manhattan Project: The Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
80650July 16Event1948 – Following token resistance, the city of Nazareth, revered by Christians as the hometown of Jesus, capitulates to Israeli troops during Operation Dekel in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
80651July 16Event1948 – The storming of the cockpit of the Miss Macao passenger seaplane, operated by a subsidiary of the Cathay Pacific Airways, marks the first aircraft hijacking of a commercial plane.
80652July 16Event1950 – Chaplain–Medic massacre: American POWs were massacred by North Korean Army.
80653July 16Event1951 – King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates in favor of his son, Baudouin I of Belgium.
80654July 16Event1951 – The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger is published for the first time by Little, Brown and Company.
80655July 16Event1956 – Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus closes its very last "Big Tent" show in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, due to changing economics all subsequent circus shows will be held in arenas.
80656July 16Event1960 – USS George Washington a modified Skipjack-class submarine successfully test fires the first ballistic missile while submerged.
80657July 16Event1965 – The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France and Italy opens.
80658July 16Event1965 – South Vietnamese Colonel Phạm Ngọc Thảo, a formerly undetected communist spy and double agent, is hunted down and killed by unknown individuals after being sentenced to death in absentia for a February 1965 coup attempt against Nguyễn Khánh.
80659July 16Event1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 11, the first mission to land astronauts on the Moon, is launched from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Kennedy, Florida.
80660July 16Event1973 – Watergate scandal: Former White House aide Alexander Butterfield informs the United States Senate that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially incriminating conversations.
80661July 16Event1979 – Iraqi President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr resigns and is replaced by Saddam Hussein.
80662July 16Event1981 – Mahathir Mohamad becomes Malaysia's 4th Prime Minister.
80663July 16Event1983 – Sikorsky S-61 disaster: A helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.
80664July 16Event1990 – The Luzon earthquake strikes in Benguet, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, La Union, Aurora, Bataan, Zambales and Tarlac, Philippines, with an intensity of 7.7.
80665July 16Event1990 – The Parliament of the Ukrainian SSR declares state sovereignty over the territory of the Ukrainian SSR.
80666July 16Event1994 – Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 collides with Jupiter. Impacts continue until July 22.
80667July 16Event1999 – John F. Kennedy Jr., piloting a Piper Saratoga aircraft, dies when his plane crashes into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Martha's Vineyard. His wife Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are also killed.
80668July 16Event2004 – Millennium Park, considered Chicago's first and most ambitious early 21st-century architectural project, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.
80669July 16Event2007 – An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and 6.6 aftershock occurs off the Niigata coast of Japan killing eight people, injuring at least 800 and damaging a nuclear power plant.
80670July 16Event2008 – Sixteen infants in Gansu Province, China, who had been fed on tainted milk powder, are diagnosed with kidney stones in total an estimated 300,000 infants are affected.

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