Today in History, English
Today in History, English

81001July 16Death2015 – Jack Goody, English anthropologist, author, and academic (b. 1919)
81002July 16Death2015 – Alan Kupperberg, American author and illustrator (b. 1953)
81003July 16Holiday and observanceChristian feast day:Gondulphus of TongerenHelierOur Lady of Mount CarmelFiesta de La Tirana (Tarapacá Region, Chile)ReineldisJuly 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
81004July 16Holiday and observanceEngineer's Day (Honduras)
81005July 16Holiday and observanceHolocaust Memorial Day (France)
81006July 17Event180 – Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians. This is the earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world.
81007July 17Event1203 – The Fourth Crusade captures Constantinople by assault. The Byzantine emperor Alexios III Angelos flees from his capital into exile.
81008July 17Event1402 – Zhu Di, better known by his era name as the Yongle Emperor, assumes the throne over the Ming dynasty of China.
81009July 17Event1429 – Hundred Years' War: Charles VII of France is crowned the King of France in the Reims Cathedral after a successful campaign by Joan of Arc
81010July 17Event1453 – Battle of Castillon: The last battle of Hundred Years' War, the French under Jean Bureau defeat the English under the Earl of Shrewsbury, who is killed in the battle in Gascony.
81011July 17Event1717 – King George I of Great Britain sails down the River Thames with a barge of 50 musicians, where George Frideric Handel's Water Music is premiered.
81012July 17Event1762 – Catherine II becomes tsar of Russia upon the murder of Peter III of Russia.
81013July 17Event1771 – Bloody Falls massacre: Chipewyan chief Matonabbee, traveling as the guide to Samuel Hearne on his Arctic overland journey, massacres a group of unsuspecting Inuit.
81014July 17Event1791 – Members of the French National Guard under the command of General Lafayette open fire on a crowd of radical Jacobins at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing as many as 50 people.
81015July 17Event1794 – The 16 Carmelite Martyrs of Compiègne are executed ten days prior to the end of the French Revolution's Reign of Terror.
81016July 17Event1856 – The Great Train Wreck of 1856 in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania, kills over 60 people.
81017July 17Event1867 – Harvard School of Dental Medicine is established in Boston, Massachusetts. It is the first dental school in the U.S. that is affiliated with a university.
81018July 17Event1896 – Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi, the Indian sage, at age 16, spontaneously initiates a process of self-enquiry that culminates within a few minutes in his own permanent awakening.
81019July 17Event1899 – NEC Corporation is organized as the first Japanese joint venture with foreign capital.
81020July 17Event1902 – Willis Carrier creates the first air conditioner in Buffalo, New York.
81021July 17Event1917 – King George V issues a Proclamation stating that the male line descendants of the British Royal Family will bear the surname Windsor.
81022July 17Event1918 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his immediate family and retainers are murdered by Bolshevik Chekists at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg, Russia.
81023July 17Event1918 – The RMS Carpathia, the ship that rescued the 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic, is sunk off Ireland by the German SM U-55 five lives are lost.
81024July 17Event1932 – Altona Bloody Sunday: A riot between the Nazi Party paramilitary forces, the SS and SA, and the German Communist Party ensues.
81025July 17Event1933 – After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Europe under mysterious circumstances.
81026July 17Event1936 – Spanish Civil War: An Armed Forces rebellion against the recently elected leftist Popular Front government of Spain starts the civil war.
81027July 17Event1938 – Douglas Corrigan takes off from Brooklyn to fly the "wrong way" to Ireland and becomes known as "Wrong Way" Corrigan.
81028July 17Event1944 – Port Chicago disaster: Near the San Francisco Bay, two ships laden with ammunition for the war explode in Port Chicago, California, killing 320.
81029July 17Event1944 – World War II: Napalm incendiary bombs are dropped for the first time by American P-38 pilots on a fuel depot at Coutances, near Saint-Lô, France.
81030July 17Event1945 – World War II: The main three leaders of the Allied nations, Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin, meet in the German city of Potsdam to decide the future of a defeated Germany.

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