Today in History, English
Today in History, English

82801July 21Death2015 – Nicholas Gonzalez, American physician (b. 1947)
82802July 21Death2015 – Czesław Marchaj, Polish-English sailor and academic (b. 1918)
82803July 21Death2015 – Dick Nanninga, Dutch footballer (b. 1949)
82804July 21Holiday and observanceChristian feast day:Albert John Luthuli (Episcopal Church)ArbogastDaniel (Catholic Church)Carlos of Brazil (Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church)Lawrence of BrindisiPraxedesVictor of MarseillesJuly 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
82805July 21Holiday and observanceLiberation Day in 1944 (Guam)
82806July 21Holiday and observanceNational Day, celebrates the inauguration of Léopold I, the first king of the Belgians, after its independence from the Netherlands on October 4, 1830. (Belgium)
82807July 21Holiday and observanceRacial Harmony Day (Singapore)
82808July 21Holiday and observanceSummer Kazanskaya (Russia)
82809July 22Event838 – Battle of Anzen: The Byzantine emperor Theophilos suffers a heavy defeat by the Abbasids.
82810July 22Event1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
82811July 22Event1209 – Massacre at Béziers: The first major military action of the Albigensian Crusade.
82812July 22Event1298 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk: King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeat William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town of Falkirk.
82813July 22Event1456 – Ottoman Wars in Europe: Siege of Belgrade: John Hunyadi, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, defeats Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire
82814July 22Event1484 – Battle of Lochmaben Fair: A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland Douglas is captured.
82815July 22Event1499 – Battle of Dornach: The Swiss decisively defeat the army of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor.
82816July 22Event1587 – Roanoke Colony: A second group of English settlers arrives on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
82817July 22Event1686 – Albany, New York is formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan.
82818July 22Event1706 – The Acts of Union 1707 are agreed upon by commissioners from the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, which, when passed by each countries' Parliaments, led to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
82819July 22Event1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first recorded human to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
82820July 22Event1796 – Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
82821July 22Event1797 – Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Battle between Spanish and British naval forces during the French Revolutionary Wars. During the Battle, Rear-Admiral Nelson is wounded in the arm and the arm had to be partially amputated.
82822July 22Event1802 – Emperor Gia Long conquers Hanoi and unified Viet Nam, which had experienced centuries of feudal warfare.
82823July 22Event1805 – Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Cape Finisterre: An inconclusive naval action is fought between a combined French and Spanish fleet under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Cal
82824July 22Event1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War: Battle of Salamanca: British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near Salamanca, Spain.
82825July 22Event1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta: Outside Atlanta, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
82826July 22Event1894 – The first ever motor race is held in France between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The fastest finisher was the Comte Jules-Albert de Dion, but the 'official' victory was awarded to Albert Lemaître driving his 3 hp petrol engined Peugeot.
82827July 22Event1916 – Preparedness Day Bombing: In San Francisco, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a parade, killing ten and injuring 40.
82828July 22Event1934 – Outside Chicago's Biograph Theater, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
82829July 22Event1937 – New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
82830July 22Event1942 – The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.

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