Today in History, English
Today in History, English

84001July 25Event1898 – The United States invasion of Puerto Rico begins with U.S. troops led by General Nelson Miles landing at harbor of Guánica, Puerto Rico.
84002July 25Event1908 – Ajinomoto is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers that a key ingredient in kombu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), and patents a process for manufacturing it.
84003July 25Event1909 – Louis Blériot makes the first flight across the English Channel in a heavier-than-air machine from (Calais to Dover, England, United Kingdom) in 37 minutes.
84004July 25Event1915 – RFC Captain Lanoe Hawker becomes the first British military aviator to earn the Victoria Cross, for defeating three German two-seat observation aircraft in one day, over the Western Front.
84005July 25Event1917 – Sir Robert Borden introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).
84006July 25Event1920 – France captures Damascus.
84007July 25Event1925 – Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) is established.
84008July 25Event1934 – The Nazis assassinate Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed coup attempt.
84009July 25Event1940 – General Henri Guisan orders the Swiss Army to resist German invasion and makes surrender illegal.
84010July 25Event1942 – Norwegian Manifesto calls for nonviolent resistance to the Nazis.
84011July 25Event1943 – World War II: Benito Mussolini is forced out of office by his own Italian Grand Council and is replaced by Pietro Badoglio.
84012July 25Event1944 – World War II: Operation Spring: One of the bloodiest days for the First Canadian Army during the war: One thousand five hundred casualties, including 500 killed.
84013July 25Event1946 – Operation Crossroads: An atomic bomb is detonated underwater in the lagoon of Bikini Atoll.
84014July 25Event1946 – At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team.
84015July 25Event1952 – The U.S. non-incorporated territory of Puerto Rico adopts a constitution.
84016July 25Event1956 – Forty-five miles south of Nantucket Island, the Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria collides with the MS Stockholm in heavy fog and sinks the next day, killing 51.
84017July 25Event1957 – The Republic of Tunisia is proclaimed.
84018July 25Event1958 – The African Regroupment Party (PRA) holds its first congress in Cotonou.
84019July 25Event1959 – SR.N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais, France to Dover, England in just over two hours.
84020July 25Event1959 – Lloyd J. Old introduced BCG, a tuberculosis vaccine, into experimental cancer research as a way to stimulate non-specific resistance to tumor growth. BCG was FDA-approved in 1991 and is now widely used as a first line treatment for superficial blad
84021July 25Event1961 – In a speech John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO.
84022July 25Event1965 – Bob Dylan goes electric as he plugs in at the Newport Folk Festival, signaling a major change in folk and rock music.
84023July 25Event1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This is the start of the "Vietnamization" of the war.
84024July 25Event1973 – Soviet Mars 5 space probe is launched.
84025July 25Event1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 takes the famous Face on Mars photo.
84026July 25Event1978 – Puerto Rico police assassinate two nationalists in the Cerro Maravilla murders.
84027July 25Event1978 – Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube baby" is born.
84028July 25Event1979 – Another section of the Sinai Peninsula is peacefully returned by Israel to Egypt.
84029July 25Event1983 – Black July: Thirty-seven Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security prison in Colombo are massacred by the fellow Sinhalese prisoners.
84030July 25Event1984 – Salyut 7 cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a space walk.

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