Today in History, English
Today in History, English

85201July 27Death2015 – Samuel Pisar, Polish-American lawyer and author (b. 1929)
85202July 27Death2015 – Anthony Shaw, English general (b. 1930)
85203July 27Holiday and observanceChristian feast day:Aurelius and Natalia and companions of the Martyrs of Córdoba.PantaleonSeven Sleepers of Ephesus (Roman Martyrology)July 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
85204July 27Holiday and observanceDay of Victory in the Great Fatherland Liberation War (North Korea)
85205July 27Holiday and observanceIglesia ni Cristo Day (the Philippines)
85206July 27Holiday and observanceJosé Celso Barbosa Day (Puerto Rico)
85207July 27Holiday and observanceMartyrs and Wounded Soldiers Day (Vietnam)
85208July 27Holiday and observanceNational Sleepy Head Day (Finland)
85209July 28Event1364 – Troops of the Republic of Pisa and the Republic of Florence clash in the Battle of Cascina.
85210July 28Event1540 – Thomas Cromwell is executed at the order of Henry VIII of England on charges of treason. Henry marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard, on the same day.
85211July 28Event1571 – La Laguna encomienda, known today as the Laguna province in the Philippines is founded by the Spaniards as one of the oldest encomiendas (provinces) in the country.
85212July 28Event1778 – Constitution of the province of Cantabria ratified at the Assembly Hall in Bárcena la Puente, Reocín, Spain.
85213July 28Event1794 – French Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre and Louis Antoine de Saint-Just are executed by guillotine in Paris, France.
85214July 28Event1808 – Mahmud II became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.
85215July 28Event1809 – Peninsular War: Battle of Talavera: Sir Arthur Wellesley's British, Portuguese and Spanish army defeats a French force led by Joseph Bonaparte.
85216July 28Event1821 – José de San Martín declares the independence of Peru from Spain.
85217July 28Event1854 – USS Constellation (1854), the last all-sail warship built by the United States Navy, is commissioned.
85218July 28Event1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Ezra Church: Confederate troops make a third unsuccessful attempt to drive Union forces from Atlanta, Georgia.
85219July 28Event1866 – At the age of 18, Vinnie Ream becomes the first and youngest female artist to receive a commission from the United States government for a statue (of Abraham Lincoln).
85220July 28Event1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is certified, establishing African American citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law.
85221July 28Event1896 – The city of Miami, Florida is incorporated.
85222July 28Event1914 – In the culmination of the July Crisis, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, igniting World War I.
85223July 28Event1915 – The United States of America begins a 20-year occupation of Haiti.
85224July 28Event1932 – U.S. President Herbert Hoover orders the United States Army to forcibly evict the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans gathered in Washington, D.C.
85225July 28Event1933 – Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Spain are established.
85226July 28Event1935 – First flight of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress.
85227July 28Event1938 – Hawaii Clipper disappears between Guam and Manila as the first loss of an airliner in trans-Pacific China Clipper service.
85228July 28Event1942 – World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin issues Order No. 227. In response to alarming German advances, all those who retreat or otherwise leave their positions without orders to do so are to be tried in a military court, with punishment ranging f
85229July 28Event1943 – World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg, Germany causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
85230July 28Event1945 – A U.S. Army B-25 bomber crashes into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building killing 14 and injuring 26.

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