Today in History, English
Today in History, English

8551January 19Holiday and observanceTheophany / Epiphany (Eastern and Oriental Orthodoxy), and its related observances:Timkat, or 20 during Leap Year (Ethiopian Orthodox)Vodici or Baptism of Jesus (Republic of Macedonia)
8552January 20Event250 – Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Pope Fabian is martyred.
8553January 20Event649 – King Chindasuinth, at the urging of bishop Braulio of Zaragoza, crowns his son Recceswinth as co-ruler of the Visigothic Kingdom.
8554January 20Event1265 – The first English parliament to include not only Lords but also representatives of the major towns holds its first meeting in the Palace of Westminster, now commonly known as the "Houses of Parliament".
8555January 20Event1320 – Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland.
8556January 20Event1356 – Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scotland.
8557January 20Event1523 – Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
8558January 20Event1567 – Battle of Rio de Janeiro: Portuguese forces under the command of Estácio de Sá definitively drive the French out of Rio de Janeiro.
8559January 20Event1576 – The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almanza.
8560January 20Event1649 – Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other "high crimes".
8561January 20Event1783 – The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence).
8562January 20Event1785 – Invading Siamese forces attempt to exploit the political chaos in Vietnam, but are ambushed and annihilated at the Mekong river by the Tây Sơn in the Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút.
8563January 20Event1788 – The third and main part of First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip decides that Botany Bay is unsuitable for the location of a penal colony, and decides to move to Port Jackson.
8564January 20Event1839 – In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats an alliance between Peru and Bolivia.
8565January 20Event1841 – Hong Kong Island is occupied by the British.
8566January 20Event1877 – Last day of the Constantinople Conference which resulted in agreement for political reforms in the Balkans.
8567January 20Event1887 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
8568January 20Event1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
8569January 20Event1921 – The first Constitution of Turkey is adopted, making fundamental changes in the source and exercise of sovereignty by consecrating the principle of national sovereignty.
8570January 20Event1929 – In Old Arizona, the first full-length talking motion picture filmed outdoors, is released.
8571January 20Event1936 – Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom.
8572January 20Event1941 – A German officer is murdered in Bucharest, Romania, sparking a rebellion and pogrom by the Iron Guard, killing 125 Jews and 30 soldiers.
8573January 20Event1942 – World War II: At the Wannsee Conference held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee, senior Nazi German officials discuss the implementation of the "Final Solution to the Jewish question".
8574January 20Event1945 – World War II: The Miklós provisional government of Hungary agrees to an armistice with the Allies.
8575January 20Event1945 – World War II: Germany begins the evacuation of 1.8 million people from East Prussia, a task which will take nearly two months.
8576January 20Event1949 – Point Four Program a program for economic aid to poor countries announced by United States President Harry S. Truman in his inaugural address for a full term as President.
8577January 20Event1954 – In the United States, the National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
8578January 20Event1959 – The first flight of the Vickers Vanguard.
8579January 20Event1960 – Hendrik Verwoerd announces a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic.
8580January 20Event1969 – East Pakistani police kill student activist Amanullah Asaduzzaman. The resulting outrage is in part responsible for the Bangladesh Liberation War.

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