Today in History, English
Today in History, English

86281July 31Event1938 – Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanti (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).
86282July 31Event1938 – Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius the Great in Persepolis.
86283July 31Event1941 – The Holocaust: Under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring, orders SS General Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying
86284July 31Event1945 – Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
86285July 31Event1948 – At Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated.
86286July 31Event1948 – USS Nevada is sunk by an aerial torpedo after surviving hits from two atomic bombs (as part of post-war tests) and being used for target practice by three other ships.
86287July 31Event1950 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 85 relating to Korean War is adopted.
86288July 31Event1954 – First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
86289July 31Event1961 – At Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts, the first All-Star Game tie in Major League Baseball history occurs when the game is stopped in the ninth inning because of rain.
86290July 31Event1964 – Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon, with images 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from earth-bound telescopes.
86291July 31Event1970 – Black Tot Day: The last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.
86292July 31Event1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover.
86293July 31Event1972 – The Troubles: In Operation Motorman, the British Army re-takes the urban no-go areas of Northern Ireland. It is the biggest British military operation since the Suez Crisis of 1956, and the biggest in Ireland since the Irish War of Independence. La
86294July 31Event1973 – A Delta Air Lines jetliner, flight DL 723 crashes while landing in fog at Logan International Airport, Boston, Massachusetts killing 89.
86295July 31Event1975 – The Troubles: three members of a popular cabaret band and two gunmen are killed during a botched paramilitary attack in Northern Ireland.
86296July 31Event1988 – Thirty-two people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia.
86297July 31Event1991 – The United States and Soviet Union both sign the START I Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, the first to reduce (with verification) both countries' stockpiles.
86298July 31Event1992 – Georgia joins the United Nations.
86299July 31Event1992 – Thai Airways International Flight 311 crashes into a mountain north of Kathmandu, Nepal killing all 113 people on board.
86300July 31Event1999 – Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector: NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon's surface.
86301July 31Event2006 – Fidel Castro hands over power to brother Raúl Castro.
86302July 31Event2007 – Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and the longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end.
86303July 31Event2009 – Three members of the popular South Korean group TVXQ, (Kim Jae-joong, Kim Junsu, and Park Yoo-chun), filed lawsuit against their Korean management S.M. Entertainment.
86304July 31Event2012 – Michael Phelps breaks the record set in 1964 by Larisa Latynina for the most medals won at the Olympics.
86305July 31Event2014 – Gas explosions in the southern Taiwanese city of Kaohsiung kill at least 20 people and injure more than 270.
86306July 31Birth1143 – Emperor Nijō of Japan (d. 1165)
86307July 31Birth1396 – Philip the Good, French son of John the Fearless (d. 1467)
86308July 31Birth1527 – Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1576)
86309July 31Birth1598 – Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor (d. 1654)
86310July 31Birth1702 – Jean Denis Attiret, French missionary and painter (d. 1768)

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