Today in History, English
Today in History, English

87121August 1Holiday and observanceThe beginning of autumn observances in the Northern hemisphere and spring observances in the Southern hemisphere (Neopagan Wheel of the Year):Lughnasadh in the Northern hemisphere, Imbolc in the Southern hemisphere traditionally begins on the eve of Augus
87122August 1Holiday and observanceThe first day of Carnaval del Pueblo (Burgess Park, London, England)
87123August 1Holiday and observanceVictory Day (Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam)
87124August 1Holiday and observanceWorld Scout Scarf Day
87125August 1Holiday and observanceYorkshire Day (Yorkshire, England)
87126August 2Event338 BC – A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
87127August 2Event216 BC – Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae: The Carthaginian army led by Hannibal defeats a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.
87128August 2Event461 – Majorian is arrested near Tortona (Northern Italy) and deposed by the Suebian general Ricimer as puppet emperor.
87129August 2Event1274 – Edward I of England returns from the Ninth Crusade and is crowned King seventeen days later.
87130August 2Event1343 – Olivier de Clisson is found guilty of treason and beheaded at Les Halles in Paris. As a result, his wife, Jeanne de Clisson, sold their holding, bought a fleet of ships, and took to the sea as a pirate to seek revenge against King Philip VI of Fran
87131August 2Event1377 – Russian troops are defeated in the Battle on Pyana River.
87132August 2Event1610 – Henry Hudson sails into what is now known as Hudson Bay thinking he had made it through the Northwest Passage and reached the Pacific Ocean.
87133August 2Event1776 – The signing of the United States Declaration of Independence took place.
87134August 2Event1790 – The first United States Census is conducted.
87135August 2Event1798 – French Revolutionary Wars: The Battle of the Nile concludes in a British victory.
87136August 2Event1830 – Charles X of France abdicates the throne in favor of his grandson Henri.
87137August 2Event1869 – Japan's samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant class system (Shinōkōshō) is abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese date: June 25, 1869).
87138August 2Event1870 – Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London, England, United Kingdom.
87139August 2Event1873 – The Clay Street Hill Railroad begins operating the first cable car in San Francisco's famous cable car system.
87140August 2Event1897 – Anglo-Afghan War: The Siege of Malakand ends when a relief column is able to reach the British garrison in the Malakand states adjacent to India's North West Frontier Province.
87141August 2Event1903 – Fall of the Ottoman Empire: An unsuccessful uprising led by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization against Ottoman Turkey, also known as the Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising, takes place.
87142August 2Event1916 – World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
87143August 2Event1918 – Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
87144August 2Event1918 – The first general strike in Canadian history takes place in Vancouver.
87145August 2Event1922 – A typhoon hits Shantou, Republic of China killing more than 50,000 people.
87146August 2Event1923 – Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes U.S. President upon the death of President Warren G. Harding.
87147August 2Event1932 – The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
87148August 2Event1934 – Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany following the death of President Paul von Hindenburg.
87149August 2Event1937 – The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, the effect of which is to render marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
87150August 2Event1939 – Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard write a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging him to begin the Manhattan Project to develop a nuclear weapon.

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