Today in History, English
Today in History, English

89131August 6Holiday and observanceChristian feast day:Feast of the Transfiguration of JesusJustus and PastorAugust 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
89132August 6Holiday and observanceH.H. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan's Accession Day. (United Arab Emirates)
89133August 6Holiday and observanceIndependence Day (Bolivia), celebrates the independence of Bolivia from Spain in 1825.
89134August 6Holiday and observanceIndependence Day (Jamaica), celebrates the independence of Jamaica from the United Kingdom in 1962.
89135August 6Holiday and observanceHiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony (Hiroshima, Japan)
89136August 7Event322 BC – Battle of Crannon between Athens and Macedonia.
89137August 7Event461 – Roman Emperor Majorian is beheaded near the river Iria in north-west Italy following his arrest and deposition by the magister militum Ricimer.
89138August 7Event626 – The Avar and Slav armies leave the siege of Constantinople.
89139August 7Event936 – Coronation of King Otto I of Germany.
89140August 7Event1420 – Construction of the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore begins in Florence.
89141August 7Event1427 – The Visconti of Milan's fleet is destroyed by the Venetians on the Po River.
89142August 7Event1461 – The Ming dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor.
89143August 7Event1679 – The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.
89144August 7Event1714 – The Battle of Gangut: The first important victory of the Russian Navy.
89145August 7Event1782 – George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.
89146August 7Event1789 – The United States Department of War is established.
89147August 7Event1791 – American troops destroy the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near the site of present-day Logansport, Indiana in the Northwest Indian War.
89148August 7Event1794 – U.S. President George Washington invokes the Militia Acts of 1792 to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania.
89149August 7Event1819 – Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá.
89150August 7Event1858 – The first Australian rules football match is played between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.
89151August 7Event1879 – The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester, England.
89152August 7Event1890 – Anna Månsdotter becomes the last woman in Sweden to be executed, for the 1889 Yngsjö murder.
89153August 7Event1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.
89154August 7Event1927 – The Peace Bridge opens between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.
89155August 7Event1930 – The last confirmed lynching of blacks in the Northern United States occurs in Marion, Indiana. Two men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, are killed.
89156August 7Event1933 – The Simele massacre: The Iraqi government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Simele. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.
89157August 7Event1938 – The Holocaust: The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
89158August 7Event1940 – World War II: Alsace-Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich.
89159August 7Event1942 – World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal begins as the United States Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.
89160August 7Event1944 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).

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