Today in History, English
Today in History, English

89161August 7Event1946 – The government of the Soviet Union presented a note to its Turkish counterparts which refuted the latter's sovereignty over the Turkish Straits, thus beginning the Turkish Straits crisis.
89162August 7Event1947 – Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) journey across the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to prove that pre-historic peoples could have traveled
89163August 7Event1947 – The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST).
89164August 7Event1955 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, sells its first transistor radios in Japan.
89165August 7Event1959 – The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the "sheaves of wheat" design, and was minted until 2008.
89166August 7Event1959 – Explorer program: Explorer 6 launches from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
89167August 7Event1960 – Ivory Coast becomes independent from France.
89168August 7Event1962 – Canadian-born American pharmacologist Frances Oldham Kelsey awarded the U.S. President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service for her refusal to authorize thalidomide.
89169August 7Event1964 – Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.
89170August 7Event1966 – Race riots occur in Lansing, Michigan.
89171August 7Event1970 – California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.
89172August 7Event1974 – Philippe Petit performs a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center 1,368 feet (417 m) in the air.
89173August 7Event1976 – Viking program: Viking 2 enters orbit around Mars.
89174August 7Event1978 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal due to toxic waste that had been disposed of negligently.
89175August 7Event1979 – Several tornadoes strike the city of Woodstock, Ontario, Canada and the surrounding communities.
89176August 7Event1981 – The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.
89177August 7Event1985 – Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts.
89178August 7Event1985 – The White House Farm murders took place near the English village of Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex, England.
89179August 7Event1987 – Lynne Cox becomes first person to swim from the United States to the Soviet Union, crossing from Little Diomede Island in Alaska to Big Diomede in the Soviet Union
89180August 7Event1989 – U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.
89181August 7Event1998 – The United States embassy bombings in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya kill approximately 212 people.
89182August 7Event1999 – The Chechnya-based Islamic International Brigade invades neighboring Dagestan.
89183August 7Event2008 – The start of the Russo-Georgian War over the territory of South Ossetia.
89184August 7Event2012 – Three gunmen kill 19 people in a church near Okene, Nigeria.
89185August 7Event2013 – A bombing in a market in Karachi, Pakistan, kills eleven people.
89186August 7Birth317 – Constantius II, Roman emperor (d. 361)
89187August 7Birth1282 – Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (d. 1316)
89188August 7Birth1533 – Alonso de Ercilla, Spanish soldier and poet (d. 1595)
89189August 7Birth1560 – Elizabeth Báthory, Hungarian serial killer (d. 1614)
89190August 7Birth1571 – Thomas Lupo, English viol player and composer (d. 1627)

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