Today in History, English
Today in History, English

89965August 9Event1942 – Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces, launching the Quit India Movement.
89966August 9Event1942 – World War II: Battle of Savo Island – Allied naval forces protecting their amphibious forces during the initial stages of the Battle of Guadalcanal are surprised and defeated by an Imperial Japanese Navy cruiser force.
89967August 9Event1944 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time.
89968August 9Event1944 – Continuation War: The Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive, the largest offensive launched by Soviet Union against Finland during the Second World War, ends to a strategic stalemate. Both Finnish and Soviet troops at the Finnish front dug to defensive pos
89969August 9Event1945 – World War II: Nagasaki is devastated when an atomic bomb, Fat Man, is dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar. 35,000 people are killed outright, including 23,200-28,200 Japanese war workers, 2,000 Korean forced workers, and 150 Japanese soldier
89970August 9Event1945 – The Red Army invades Japanese-occupied Manchuria.
89941August 8Holiday and observanceFarmer's Day or Nane Nane, Swahili for "8-8". (Tanzania)
89942August 8Holiday and observanceFather's Day or Bā bā Day (爸爸節), Bā Bā is Mandarin for "father" and "8-8", or August 8. (Taiwan)
89943August 8Holiday and observanceFlag Day (Sweden), namesday of Queen Silvia. (Sweden)
89944August 8Holiday and observanceSignal Troops Day (Ukraine)
89945August 9Event48 BC – Caesar's Civil War: Battle of Pharsalus – Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.
89946August 9Event378 – Gothic War: Battle of Adrianople – A large Roman army led by Emperor Valens is defeated by the Visigoths. Valens is killed along with over half of his army.
89947August 9Event1173 – Construction of the campanile of the Cathedral of Pisa (now known as the Leaning Tower of Pisa) begins it will take two centuries to complete.
89948August 9Event1329 – Quilon, the first Indian Christian Diocese, is erected by Pope John XXII the French-born Jordanus is appointed the first Bishop.
89949August 9Event1483 – Opening of the Sistine Chapel in Rome with the celebration of a Mass.
89950August 9Event1500 – Ottoman–Venetian War (1499–1503): The Ottomans capture Methoni, Messenia.
89951August 9Event1610 – The First Anglo-Powhatan War begins in colonial Virginia.
89952August 9Event1810 – Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
89953August 9Event1814 – Indian Wars: the Creek sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson, giving up huge parts of Alabama and Georgia.
89954August 9Event1842 – The Webster–Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States–Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
89955August 9Event1854 – Henry David Thoreau publishes Walden.
89956August 9Event1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Cedar Mountain – At Cedar Mountain, Virginia, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson narrowly defeats Union forces under General John Pope.
89957August 9Event1877 – Indian Wars: Battle of the Big Hole – A small band of Nez Percé Indians clash with the United States Army
89958August 9Event1892 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
89959August 9Event1902 – Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
89960August 9Event1907 – The first Boy Scout encampment concludes at Brownsea Island in southern England.
89961August 9Event1914 – Start of the Battle of Mulhouse, part of a French attempt to recover the province of Alsace and the first French offensive of World War I.
89962August 9Event1925 – A train robbery takes place in Kakori, near Lucknow, India
89963August 9Event1930 – Betty Boop makes her cartoon debut in Dizzy Dishes.
89964August 9Event1936 – Summer Olympic Games: Games of the XI Olympiad – Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal at the games.

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