Today in History, English
Today in History, English

93908August 19Event1504 – In Ireland, the Hiberno-Norman de Burghs (Burkes) and Anglo-Norman Fitzgeralds fight in the Battle of Knockdoe.
93909August 19Event1561 – Mary, Queen of Scots, who was 18 years old, returns to Scotland after spending 13 years in France.
93910August 19Event1612 – The "Samlesbury witches", three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England, are put on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft, one of the most famous witch trials in British history.
93911August 19Event1666 – Second Anglo-Dutch War: Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".
93912August 19Event1692 – Salem witch trials: In Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted of witchcraft.
93913August 19Event1745 – Prince Charles Edward Stuart raises his standard in Glenfinnan: The start of the Second Jacobite Rebellion, known as "the 45".
93914August 19Event1759 – Battle of Lagos Naval battle during the Seven Years' War between Great Britain and France.
93915August 19Event1768 – Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
93916August 19Event1772 – Gustav III of Sweden stages a coup d'état, in which he assumes power and enacts a new constitution that divides power between the Riksdag and the King.
93917August 19Event1782 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Blue Licks: The last major engagement of the war, almost ten months after the surrender of the British commander Charles Cornwallis following the Siege of Yorktown.
93918August 19Event1812 – War of 1812: American frigate USS Constitution defeats the British frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada earning the nickname "Old Ironsides".
93919August 19Event1813 – Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's Second Triumvirate.
93920August 19Event1839 – The French government announces that Louis Daguerre's photographic process is a gift "free to the world".
93921August 19Event1848 – California Gold Rush: The New York Herald breaks the news to the East Coast of the United States of the gold rush in California (although the rush started in January).
93922August 19Event1854 – The First Sioux War begins when United States Army soldiers kill Lakota chief Conquering Bear and in return are massacred.
93923August 19Event1861 – First ascent of Weisshorn, fifth highest summit in the Alps.
93924August 19Event1862 – American Indian Wars: During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily-defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way.
93925August 19Event1895 – American frontier murderer and outlaw John Wesley Hardin is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
93926August 19Event1909 – The first automobile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
93927August 19Event1914 – The Ottoman–Bulgarian alliance is signed in Sofia.
93928August 19Event1919 – Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom.
93929August 19Event1927 – Patriarch Sergius of Moscow proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet Union.
93930August 19Event1934 – The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
93901August 18Holiday and observanceBirthday of Virginia Dare (Roanoke Island)
93902August 18Holiday and observanceConstitution Day (Indonesia)
93903August 18Holiday and observanceLong Tan Day, also called Vietnam Veterans' Day (Australia)
93904August 18Holiday and observanceNational Science Day (Thailand)
93905August 19Event295 BC – The first temple to Venus, the Roman goddess of love, beauty and fertility, is dedicated by Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges during the Third Samnite War.
93906August 19Event43 BC – Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul.
93907August 19Event1153 – Baldwin III of Jerusalem takes control of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from his mother Melisende, and also captures Ascalon.

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