Today in History, English
Today in History, English

95641August 23Event1923 – Captain Lowell Smith and Lieutenant John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
95642August 23Event1927 – Italian anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti are executed after a lengthy, controversial trial.
95643August 23Event1929 – Hebron Massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attack on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, continuing until the next day, resulted in the death of 65–68 Jews and the remaining Jews being forced to leave the
95644August 23Event1938 – English cricketer Len Hutton sets a world record for the highest individual Test innings of 364, during a Test match against Australia.
95645August 23Event1939 – World War II: Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. In a secret addition to the pact, the Baltic states, Finland, Romania, and Poland are divided between the two nations.
95646August 23Event1942 – World War II: Beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad.
95647August 23Event1943 – World War II: Kharkov is liberated as a result of the Battle of Kursk.
95648August 23Event1944 – World War II: Marseille is liberated by the Allies.
95649August 23Event1944 – World War II: King Michael of Romania dismisses the pro-Nazi government of Marshal Antonescu, who is arrested. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies.
95650August 23Event1944 – Freckleton Air Disaster: A United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bomber crashes into a school in Freckleton, England killing 61 people.
95651August 23Event1945 – Soviet–Japanese War: The USSR State Defense Committee issues Decree no. 9898cc "About Receiving, Accommodation, and Labor Utilization of the Japanese Army Prisoners of War".
95652August 23Event1946 – Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Länder (states) of Hanover and Schleswig-Holstein.
95653August 23Event1948 – World Council of Churches is formed.
95654August 23Event1954 – First flight of the C-130 Hercules transport aircraft.
95655August 23Event1958 – Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
95656August 23Event1966 – Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon.
95657August 23Event1970 – Organized by Mexican American labor union leader César Chávez, the Salad Bowl strike, the largest farm worker strike in U.S. history, begins.
95658August 23Event1973 – A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm, Sweden, turns into a hostage crisis over the next five days the hostages begin to sympathise with their captors, leading to the term "Stockholm syndrome".
95659August 23Event1977 – The Gossamer Condor wins the Kremer prize for human powered flight.
95660August 23Event1982 – Bachir Gemayel is elected Lebanese President amidst the raging civil war.
95661August 23Event1985 – Hans Tiedge, top counter-spy of West Germany, defects to East Germany.
95662August 23Event1987 – The American male basketball team lost the gold medal to Brazilian team at the Pan American Games in Indianapolis. The final score was 120–115 and triggered changes in this sport basis in USA, resulting in the "Dream Team".
95663August 23Event1989 – Singing Revolution: Two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stand on the Vilnius–Tallinn road, holding hands (Baltic Way).
95664August 23Event1989 – One thousand six hundred forty-five Australian domestic airline pilots resign after the airlines threaten to fire them and sue them over a dispute.
95665August 23Event1990 – Saddam Hussein appears on Iraqi state television with a number of Western "guests" (actually hostages) to try to prevent the Gulf War.
95666August 23Event1990 – Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
95667August 23Event1990 – West Germany and East Germany announce that they will reunite on October 3.
95668August 23Event1991 – Tim Berners-Lee opens the WWW, World Wide Web to new users.
95669August 23Event1993 – The Galileo spacecraft discovers a moon, later named Dactyl, around 243 Ida, the first known asteroid moon.
95670August 23Event1994 – Eugene Bullard, the only black pilot in World War I, is posthumously commissioned as Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force.

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