Today in History, English
Today in History, English

96451August 25Event766 – Emperor Constantine V humiliates nineteen high-ranking officials, after discovering a plot against him. He executes the leaders, Constantine Podopagouros and his brother Strategios.
96452August 25Event1248 – The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht.
96453August 25Event1258 – Regent George Mouzalon and his brothers are killed during a coup headed by the aristocratic faction under, paving the way for its leader, Michael VIII Palaiologos, to ultimately usurp the throne of the Empire of Nicaea.
96454August 25Event1537 – The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed.
96455August 25Event1580 – Battle of Alcântara. Spain defeats Portugal.
96456August 25Event1609 – Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
96457August 25Event1630 – Portuguese forces are defeated by the Kingdom of Kandy at the Battle of Randeniwela in Sri Lanka.
96458August 25Event1758 – Seven Years' War: Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf.
96459August 25Event1768 – James Cook begins his first voyage.
96460August 25Event1825 – Uruguay declares its independence from Brazil.
96461August 25Event1830 – The Belgian Revolution begins.
96462August 25Event1835 – The New York Sun perpetrates the Great Moon Hoax.
96463August 25Event1875 – Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim across the English Channel, traveling from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in 22 hours.
96464August 25Event1883 – France and Viet Nam sign the Treaty of Huế, recognizing a French protectorate over Annam and Tonkin.
96465August 25Event1894 – Kitasato Shibasaburō discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet.
96466August 25Event1898 – Seven hundred Greek civilians, 17 British guards and the British Consul of Crete are killed by a Turkish mob in Heraklion, Greece.
96467August 25Event1912 – The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.
96468August 25Event1914 – World War I: The library of the Catholic University of Leuven is deliberately destroyed by the German Army. Hundreds of thousands of irreplaceable volumes and Gothic and Renaissance manuscripts are lost.
96469August 25Event1916 – The United States National Park Service is created.
96470August 25Event1920 – Polish–Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, which began on August 13, ends with the Red Army's defeat.
96471August 25Event1921 – The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain occur.
96472August 25Event1933 – The Diexi earthquake strikes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people.
96473August 25Event1939 – The United Kingdom and Poland form a military alliance in which the UK promises to defend Poland in case of invasion by a foreign power.
96474August 25Event1942 – World War II: Battle of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea.
96475August 25Event1942 – World War II: second day of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. A Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned-back by an Allied air attack, losing one destroyer and one transport sunk, and one light cruiser heavily damaged.
96476August 25Event1944 – World War II: Paris is liberated by the Allies.
96477August 25Event1945 – Ten days after World War II ends with Japan announcing its surrender, armed supporters of the Chinese Communist Party kill U.S. intelligence officer John Birch, regarded by some of the American right as the first victim of the Cold War.
96478August 25Event1948 – The House Un-American Activities Committee holds first-ever televised congressional hearing: "Confrontation Day" between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss.
96479August 25Event1950 – President Harry Truman orders the U.S. Army to seize control of the nation's railroads to avert a strike.
96480August 25Event1961 – President Jânio Quadros of Brazil resigns after just seven months in power, initiating a political crisis that culminates in a military coup in 1964.

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