Today in History, English
Today in History, English

99241September 1Event1920 – The Fountain of Time opens as a tribute to the 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain following the Treaty of Ghent.
99242September 1Event1923 – The Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 105,000 people.
99243September 1Event1928 – Ahmet Zogu declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.
99244September 1Event1934 – SMJK Sam Tet is founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
99245September 1Event1939 – World War II: Nazi Germany and Slovakia invade Poland, beginning the European phase of World War II.
99246September 1Event1939 – General George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
99247September 1Event1939 – The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross is also instituted on this date.
99248September 1Event1939 – Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization).
99249September 1Event1939 – Adolf Hitler signs an order to begin the systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and disabled people.
99250September 1Event1951 – The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.
99251September 1Event1951 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 95 relating to Arab-Israeli conflict is adopted.
99252September 1Event1952 – The Old Man and the Sea, the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Ernest Hemingway, is first published.
99253September 1Event1958 – Iceland expands its fishing zone, putting it into conflict with the United Kingdom, beginning the Cod Wars.
99254September 1Event1961 – The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate.
99255September 1Event1961 – The first conference of the Non Aligned Countries is held in Belgrade.
99256September 1Event1967 – The Khmer–Chinese Friendship Association is banned in Cambodia.
99257September 1Event1969 – A coup in Libya brings Muammar Gaddafi to power.
99258September 1Event1969 – Trần Thiện Khiêm becomes Prime Minister of South Vietnam under President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu.
99259September 1Event1970 – Attempted assassination of King Hussein of Jordan by Palestinian guerrillas, who attack his motorcade.
99260September 1Event1972 – In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky to become the world chess champion.
99261September 1Event1974 – The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London in the time of 1 hour, 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds at a speed of 1,435.587 miles per hour (2,310.353 km/h).
99262September 1Event1979 – The American space probe Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi).
99263September 1Event1980 – Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope ends near Thunder Bay, Ontario.
99264September 1Event1980 – Major General Chun Doo-hwan becomes President of South Korea, following the resignation of Choi Kyu-hah.
99265September 1Event1981 – A coup d'état in the Central African Republic overthrows President David Dacko.
99266September 1Event1982 – The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
99267September 1Event1983 – Cold War: Korean Air Lines Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace. All 269 on board die, including Congressman Lawrence McDonald.
99268September 1Event1985 – A joint American–French expedition locates the wreckage of the RMS Titanic.
99269September 1Event1991 – Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
99270September 1Event1997 – The death of Diana, Princess of Wales, is announced by Buckingham Palace.

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