Today in History, English
Today in History, English

10621January 26Event1907 – The Short Magazine Lee–Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the second oldest military rifle still in official use.
10622January 26Event1911 – Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful American seaplane.
10623January 26Event1911 – Richard Strauss' opera Der Rosenkavalier receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.
10624January 26Event1915 – The Rocky Mountain National Park is established by an act of the U.S. Congress.
10625January 26Event1918 – Finnish Civil War: A group of Red Guards hangs a red lantern atop the tower of Helsinki Workers' Hall to symbolically mark the start of the war.
10626January 26Event1920 – Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
10627January 26Event1924 – Saint Petersburg, Russia, is renamed Leningrad.
10628January 26Event1930 – The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj ("Complete Independence") which occurred 17 years later.
10629January 26Event1934 – The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
10630January 26Event1934 – German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed.
10631January 26Event1939 – Spanish Civil War – Catalonia Offensive: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona.
10632January 26Event1942 – World War II: The first United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
10633January 26Event1945 – World War II: The Red Army begins encircling the German Fourth Army near Heiligenbeil in East Prussia, which will end in destruction of the 4th Army two months later.
10634January 26Event1945 – World War II: Audie Murphy in action for which he will be awarded the Medal of Honor.
10635January 26Event1949 – The Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory sees first light under the direction of Edwin Hubble, becoming the largest aperture optical telescope (until BTA-6 is built in 1976).
10636January 26Event1950 – The Constitution of India comes into force, forming a republic. Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first President of India. Observed as Republic Day in India.
10637January 26Event1952 – Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burn Cairo's central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.
10638January 26Event1956 – Soviet Union hands Porkkala back to Finland.
10639January 26Event1958 – Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsizes off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.
10640January 26Event1960 – Danny Heater sets a worldwide high school basketball scoring record when he records 135 points for Burnsville High School (West Virginia)
10641January 26Event1961 – John F. Kennedy appoints Janet G. Travell to be his physician. This is the first time a woman holds the appointment of Physician to the President.
10642January 26Event1962 – Ranger program: Ranger 3 is launched to study the Moon. The space probe later misses the moon by 22,000 miles (35,400 km).
10643January 26Event1965 – Hindi becomes the official language of India.
10644January 26Event1966 – The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.
10645January 26Event1978 – The Great Blizzard of 1978, a rare severe blizzard with the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the US until October 2010, strikes the Ohio – Great Lakes region with heavy snow and winds up to 100 mph (161 km/h).
10646January 26Event1980 – Israel and Egypt establish diplomatic relations.
10647January 26Event1986 – The Ugandan government of Tito Okello is overthrown by the National Resistance Army, led by Yoweri Museveni.
10648January 26Event1991 – Mohamed Siad Barre is removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and is succeeded by Ali Mahdi.
10649January 26Event1992 – Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.
10650January 26Event1998 – Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denies having had "sexual relations" with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

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