Today in History, English
Today in History, English

11963January 30Event1959 – MS Hans Hedtoft, said to be the safest ship afloat and "unsinkable" like the RMS Titanic, strikes an iceberg on her maiden voyage and sinks, killing all 95 aboard.
11964January 30Event1960 – The African National Party is founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties.
11965January 30Event1964 – Ranger program: Ranger 6 is launched.
11966January 30Event1964 – In a bloodless coup, General Nguyễn Khánh overthrows General Dương Văn Minh's military junta in South Vietnam.
11967January 30Event1965 – Some one million people attend former Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill's funeral, the biggest in the United Kingdom up to that point.
11968January 30Event1968 – Vietnam War: Tet Offensive launch by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies.
11969January 30Event1969 – The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
11970January 30Event1971 – Carole King's Tapestry album is released to become the longest charting album by a female solo artist and sell 24 million copies worldwide.
11941January 30Event1826 – The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, is opened.
11942January 30Event1835 – In the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson, but fails and is subdued by a crowd, including several congressmen as well as Jackson himself.
11943January 30Event1841 – A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
11944January 30Event1847 – Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco.
11945January 30Event1858 – The first Hallé concert is given in Manchester, England, marking the official founding of The Hallé orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra.
11946January 30Event1862 – The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched.
11947January 30Event1889 – Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in the Mayerling.
11948January 30Event1902 – The first Anglo-Japanese Alliance is signed in London.
11949January 30Event1908 – Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is released from prison by Jan C. Smuts after being tried and sentenced to two months in jail earlier in the month.
11950January 30Event1911 – The destroyer USS Terry makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of Douglas McCurdy ten miles from Havana, Cuba.
11951January 30Event1911 – The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
11952January 30Event1913 – The British House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill.
11953January 30Event1925 – The Government of Turkey throws Patriarch Constantine VI out of Istanbul.
11954January 30Event1933 – Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
11955January 30Event1942 – World War II: Japanese forces invade the island of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies.
11956January 30Event1943 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of Rennell Island. The USS Chicago is sunk and a U.S. destroyer is heavily damaged by Japanese torpedoes.
11957January 30Event1944 – World War II: The Battle of Cisterna, part of Operation Shingle, begins in central Italy.
11958January 30Event1944 – World War II: American troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands.
11959January 30Event1945 – World War II: The Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with German refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, killing approximately 9,500 people in what is the deadliest known maritime disaster.
11960January 30Event1945 – World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan: One hundred twenty-six American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied prisoners from the Japanese-controlled Cabanatuan POW camp.
11961January 30Event1948 – Mahatma Gandhi known for his non-violent freedom struggle, is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
11962January 30Event1956 – African-American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

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